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GNU variants

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Title: GNU variants  
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GNU variants

Trisquel is an example of a Linux distribution

GNU variants is a term used by the Free Software Foundation to refer to operating systems which use GNU C Library, with application software and system libraries (in other words, the core userland) from GNU.[1][2][3][4][5]


  • Hurd variants 1
  • Linux variants 2
  • BSD variants 3
  • OpenSolaris (Illumos) variants 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Hurd variants

  • Arch Hurd
  • GNU/Hurd-based Live CD
  • Debian GNU/kFreeBSD
  • Debian GNU/NetBSD
  • #debian-kbsd on OFTC
  • Ging live CD

External links

  1. ^  
  2. ^  
  3. ^  
  4. ^  
  5. ^  
  6. ^ List of potential release architektures for Debian Wheezy
  7. ^ GNU Hurd news
  8. ^ Debian Wiki: Debian GNU/Hurd
  9. ^ "Debian GNU/kFreeBSD FAQ". 
  10. ^ "Debian 6.0 Squeeze released". 
  11. ^ "The Ging FAQ". 
  12. ^ "Debian GNU/NetBSD". Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
  13. ^ "Debian GNU/NetBSD for Alpha". Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
  14. ^ "Debian GNU/*BSD News". Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
  15. ^ Nexenta Systems, Inc. (2007-06-20). "Unix Portal:Nexenta OS - Nexenta OpenSolaris". Sponsors & Support. Retrieved 2007-07-22. This work is initiated and sponsored by Nexenta Systems, Inc. Technical support is available from a variety of sources, including Community and Web Forums. 
  16. ^  


See also

(GNU/kOpenSolaris can be build by GCC, see -kopensolaris*-gnu:;a=blob;f=gcc/config.gcc)

Nexenta OS is the first distribution that combines the GNU userland (with the exception of libc; OpenSolaris kernel. Nexenta OS is available for IA-32 and x86-64 based systems. Nexenta Systems, Inc initiated the project and sponsors its continued development.[15] (Nexenta OS is not GNU variant, due use OpenSolaris libc and multiple Illumos Distributions use GNU userland as default)[16]

OpenSolaris (Illumos) variants

Debian GNU/NetBSD was an experimental port of GNU user-land applications to NetBSD kernel. No official release of this operating system was made; although work was conducted on ports for the IA-32[12] and DEC Alpha[13] architectures, it has not seen active maintenance since 2002 and is no longer available for download.[14]

Debian GNU/kFreeBSD is an operating system for IA-32 and x86-64 computer architectures. It is a distribution of GNU with Debian package management and the kernel of FreeBSD. The k in kFreeBSD is an abbreviation for kernel of,[9] and reflects the fact that only the kernel of the complete FreeBSD operating system is used. The operating system was officially released with Debian Squeeze (6.0) on February 6, 2011.[10] One Debian GNU/kFreeBSD live CD is Ging, which is no longer maintained.[11]

BSD variants

The term GNU/Linux is used by some to refer to an operating system where the Linux kernel is distributed with a GNU system software (userland and GNU C Library). Such distributions are the primary installed base of GNU packages and programs and also of Linux. The most notable official use of this term for a distribution is Debian GNU/Linux.

Linux variants

Arch Hurd is a derivative work of Arch Linux, porting it to the GNU Hurd system with packages optimised for the Intel P6 architecture. Their goal is to provide an Arch-like user environment (BSD-style init scripts, Pacman package manager, rolling releases, and a simple set up) on the GNU Hurd which is stable enough for at least occasional use. Currently it provides a LiveCD for evaluation purposes and installations guides for LiveCD and conventional installation.

[8] About two thirds of the Debian packages have been ported to Hurd.[7]

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