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Chakaria Upazila

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Title: Chakaria Upazila  
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Chakaria Upazila

Chakaria
চকোরিয়া
Upazila
Chakaria is located in Bangladesh
Chakaria
Chakaria
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates:
Country  Bangladesh
Division Chittagong Division
District Cox's Bazar District
Area
 • Total 643.46 km2 (248.44 sq mi)
Population (1991)
 • Total 409,346
 • Density 636/km2 (1,650/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Website bazar/Chakaria.gif Official Map of Chakaria

Chakaria (}

}}: চকোরিয়া) is an Upazila of Cox's Bazar District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh. Chakaria Upazila (cox's bazar district) with an area of 643.46 km2, is bounded by Lohagara, Banshkhali and Lama upazilas on the north, Cox's Bazar sadar, and ramu upazilas on the south, Lama and naikhongchhari upazilas on the east, maheshkhali and kutubdia upazila on the west. The upazila is surrounded by the matamuhuri, Bara Matamuhuri, Maheshkhali and Kutubdia Channel. The upazila more often fall victim to cyclone and tidal bore. The devastating cyclone and tidal bore of 29 April 1991 caused serious damage to the upazila with a death toll of 16705 persons.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Chakaria Town 3
  • Administration 4
  • Union Parishads 5
  • Archaeological Heritage 6
  • Historical Events 7
  • Marks of War of Liberation 8
  • Population 9
  • Religious Institutions 10
  • Literacy and Educational Institutions 11
  • Old Institutions 12
  • Newspapers and Periodicals 13
  • Cultural Organizations Club 14
  • Main occupations 15
  • Main Exports 16
  • See also 17
  • References 18

Geography

Road through Chakoria Baniachora forest

Chakoria is located at . It has 63671 units of house hold and total area 643.46 km². Once there was a mangrove forest named Chakaria Sunderban here. But now it is no more.

Demographics

According to the 1991 Bangladesh census, Chakaria had a population of 409, 346. Males constituted 51.87% of the population, and females 48.13%. The population aged 18 or over was 176, 608. Chakaria had an average literacy rate of 23.4% (7+ years), against the national average of 32.4%.[1]

Chakaria Town

Chakaria Town consists of 9 wards and 22 mahallas with an area of 2.95 km2. It has a population of 50716; male 52.64%, female 47.36%. Literacy rate among town people is 34.5%. It has three dakbungalows.

Administration

Chakaria thana was constituted in 1793 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 17 union parishads, one municipality, 64 mouzas and 340 villages.

Union Parishads

  • Badarkhali Union Parishad
  • Barawtali Union Parishad
  • Bheola Manik Char Union Parishad
  • Bomobilchari Union Parishad
  • Chiringa Union Parishad
  • Dulhazara Union Parishad
  • Purba Barabheola Union Parishad
  • Fasiakhali Union Parishad
  • Harbang Union Parishad
  • Kakara Union Parishad
  • Kaiarbil Union Parishad
  • Khutakhali Union Parishad
  • Lakhyarchar Union Parishad
  • Saharbil Union Parishad
  • Paschim Bara Bheola Union Parishad
  • Demushia Union Parishad
  • Konakhali Union Parishad
  • Surajpur-Manikpur Union Parishad

Archaeological Heritage

Tomb of Shah Umar, Sat-gumbad Masjid of Fazl Quke at Manikpur (1873), Hasher Dighi, Bir Kamla Dighi.

Historical Events

During the war of liberation in 1971, the Pak army killed 13 villagers by gunshot and burnt more than one hundred houses and shops in different places of the upazila.

Marks of War of Liberation

Shaheed Abdul Hamid memorial monument.

Population

409346; male 51.48%, female 48.52%; Muslim 93.4%, Hindu 5.4%, Buddhist 1.02%, Christian 0.18%. Ethnic nationals: Magh, Marma, Moorang and Chakma.

Religious Institutions

Mosque 400, temple 99, church 3, pagoda 16, mazar 6.

Literacy and Educational Institutions

Average literacy 23.15%; male 29.2%, female 17.1%. Educational institutions: college 5, government high school 2, non-government high school 37, madrasa 26, government primary school 104, non-government primary school 77. Quality Computers Training Institute.

Old Institutions

Fasiakhali Government Primary School (1917) Manikpur Burmese Government Primary School (1828), Harbang Burmese Government Primary School, Harbang Government Primary School (1884), Pekua Government Primary School (1918), Chakaria Government High School (1919), Sahrbil Anwarul Ulum Senior Madrasa (1918). Chakaria Central High School(1972). Quality Computers Training Institute (2000).

Newspapers and Periodicals

Weekly Chakori, fortnightly Mehdi.

Cultural Organizations Club

52, literary organisation 3, women's organisation 22, theatre party 2, playground 50.

Main occupations

Agriculture 29.55%, fishing 2.03%, forestry 1.56%, agricultural labourer 24.5%, non-agricultural labourer 6.74%, commerce 14.02%, service 4.96%, transport 1.98%, others 14.66%.

Main Exports

Shrimp, salt, tobacco, ground nut, mustard seed, flour, water melon, timber.coastal Fish.

See also

References

  • [1]
  • [2]
  1. ^
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