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List of Supermarine Spitfire operators

This is a list of operators of the Supermarine Spitfire.

Contents

  • Operators 1
    •  Australia 1.1
    •  Belgium 1.2
    •  Burma 1.3
    •  Canada 1.4
    •  Czechoslovakia 1.5
    •  Denmark 1.6
    •  Egypt 1.7
    •  France 1.8
    •  Germany 1.9
    •  Greece 1.10
    •  Hong Kong 1.11
    •  India 1.12
    •  Indonesia 1.13
    •  Ireland 1.14
    •  Israel 1.15
    •  Italy 1.16
    •  Netherlands 1.17
    •  New Zealand 1.18
    •  Norway 1.19
    •  Pakistan 1.20
    •  Poland 1.21
    •  Portugal 1.22
    •  Southern Rhodesia 1.23
    •  South Africa 1.24
    •  Soviet Union 1.25
    •  Sweden 1.26
    •  Syria 1.27
    •  Thailand 1.28
    •  Turkey 1.29
    •  United Kingdom 1.30
    •  United States 1.31
    •  Yugoslavia 1.32
  • Notes 2
  • References 3

Operators

 Australia

The Spitfire Mk VIII "Grey Nurse" which saw action with No. 457 Squadron RAAF in the South West Pacific Area is one of two Spitfires still flying in Australia, both owned by Temora Aviation Museum.
Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Navy

 Belgium

Belgian Spitfire exhibited in Royal Military Museum in Brussels
Belgian Air Force

 Burma

Burma Air Force

 Canada

Spitfire F. MK XIV of 402(RCAF) squadron
Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Canadian Navy

 Czechoslovakia

Supermarine Spitfire LF Mk IX C
Czech Air Force in exile in Great Britain
Czechoslovakian Air Force
Czechoslovakian National Security Guard

 Denmark

Danish Spitfire in Stauning Aircraft Museum
Royal Danish Air Force

 Egypt

Royal Egyptian Air Force

In the immediate post-war period a large number of Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXs were acquired.

 France

Seen here in a very short lived Free French Air Force colour scheme
Free French Air Force
Armee de l'Air
Aviation Navale

 Germany

Luftwaffe captured several Spitfires and used them to test, and for operational training duties.

Luftwaffe

 Greece

Royal Hellenic Air Force

 Hong Kong

Royal Hong Kong Auxiliary Air Force
RAF at RAF Kai Tak
RAF at RAF Sek Kong

 India

Indian Air Force Supermarine Spitfire at Air Force Museum, Palam, Delhi
Indian Air Force[1]

 Indonesia

Indonesian Air Force

 Ireland

In the late 1940s Irish Air Force purchased some Spitfires, in its de-navalised Seafire model, and were at once very popular with the crews. This prompted the purchase of the two seat trainer version, the Spitfire T9, which served between 1951 and 1961.

Supermarine Spitfire T.9 163 of the Irish Air Corps at Baldonnel (Casement) airfield in 1967
Irish Air Corps
  • No 1. Fighter Squadron
  • Air Corps Training Wing

 Israel

Spitfire IX at Muzeyon Heyl ha-Avir, Hatzerim airbase, Israel

Israel bought their Spitfire LF IXc from Czechoslovakia in 1948. In 1952 an additional 35 LF IXc/e aircraft were purchased from Italy, at which time the Spitfire in IDF service was known as "Yorek" (Eng. Spit). After a few years of operational use and major action during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War these Spitfires were sold to Burma.

Israeli Air Force

 Italy

Supermarine Spitfire Mk IX operated by the Italian Air Force in the very last period of WWII
Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force
Aeronautica Militare Italiana

 Netherlands

Ex 322 Squadron (RAF) & H-8 of the Royal Netherlands Air Force
Royal Netherlands Air Force
Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force – Postwar

 New Zealand

Royal New Zealand Air Force

 Norway

Norwegian Air Force Spitefire
Royal Norwegian Air Force

 Pakistan

Royal Pakistan Air Force

 Poland

Polish Spitfire Mk V from the 303 Kościuszko Squadron flown by S/Ldr Zumbach
Polish Air Forces in exile in Great Britain [2]

 Portugal

Supermarine Spitfire in the Museu do Ar
Portuguese Air Force

 Southern Rhodesia

Southern Rhodesian Air Force

 South Africa

South African Air Force

 Soviet Union

Line of the Spitfire VBs ready for delivery to the Soviet VVS

The Soviet Union ran into immediate problems with friendly fire at the introduction of the Lend-Lease Spitfire Mk. Vb to combat operations. Deadly anti-aircraft artillery fire and neighboring VVS fighters took their toll. The problem was that the Spitfire too closely resembled the enemy's Messerschmitt Bf 109 aircraft. Making Spitfire unit markings more prominent didn't help (the 57th already displayed a yellow lightning bolt down the entire side of their fuselages), and the aircraft type was withdrawn from combat duties after only three months of service as part of defensive operations in the Kuban sector.[3][4]

Soviet Air Force

 Sweden

Soon after the end of the Second World War, the Swedish Air Force equipped a photo reconnaissance wing, F 11 in Nyköping (just south of Stockholm), with 50 Mk XIXs, designated S 31. Several S 31 photographic missions in the late 1940s entailed flagrant violations of Soviet – and, at least once, Finnish – airspace in order to document activities at the air and naval installations in the Baltic and Kola regions. At that time, no Soviet fighter was able to reach the operational altitude of the S 31. No Swedish planes were lost during those clandestine operations. However, by the early 1950s, Soviet air defenses had become so effective that such practices had to cease.[5] The S 31s were replaced by jet-powered SAAB S 29Cs in the mid-1950s.

Swedish Air Force
  • F 11 photo reconnaissance wing

 Syria

A derelict Syrian Spitfire at an unknown location.
Syrian Air Force

 Thailand

Supermarine Spitfire XIVe at the Royal Thai Air Force Museum
Royal Thai Air Force

 Turkey

Turkish Air Force

 United Kingdom

Royal Air Force
Fleet Air Arm

 United States

American Spitfire

The Spitfire was one of only a few foreign aircraft to see service with the USAAF, equipping four groups in England and the Mediterranean. Spitfires were briefly flown by the US Navy after the Normandy landings to support cruisers and battleships bombarding land targets

United States Army Air Forces
United States Navy
  • Cruiser Scouting Squadron Seven (VCS-7)

 Yugoslavia

Spitfire Mk VC Trop in Belgrade Aviation Museum
Yugoslav Squadrons in the RAF
SFR Yugoslav Air Force

Notes

  1. ^ Singh, Polly, "“Lord, let Thy servant go in peace now”", IAF History Aircraft: Spitfire, Bharat Rakshak .
  2. ^ List of Spitfire I and II aircraft used by Polish Air Force squadrons (PDF file)
  3. ^ Igor Zlobin. Translation by James F. GebhardtSpitfires over the KubanLend-lease on airforce.ru. (2006)
  4. ^ Hardesty, Von (1991) [1982]. "Barbarossa to Berlin: A Summing Up". Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power 1941-1945. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. p. 225.  
  5. ^ Bortom Horisonten : Svensk Flygspaning mot Sovjetunionen 1946-1952 by Andersson, Lennart, Hellström, Leif

References

  • Lopes, Mário Canongia. Spitfires e Hurricanes em Portugal (Bilingual Portuguese/English). Lisboa, Portugal: Dinalivro, 1993. ISBN 978-972-576-065-9.
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