World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Val Bregaglia

Article Id: WHEBN0011304093
Reproduction Date:

Title: Val Bregaglia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alberto Giacometti, Romansh language, Geography of Switzerland, History of the Alps, Ubermorgen, Oberhalbstein Alps, Maloja Pass, Septimer Pass, Poschiavo, Pfäfers Abbey
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Val Bregaglia

The Val Bregaglia (Italian), Val Bargaja (Lombard), or Bergell Tal (German) is an alpine valley of Switzerland and Italy at the base of which runs the river Mera River (or Maira). It begins at the Maloja Pass (1815 m) which connects it to the Engadin (the valley of the river Inn, which is part of the Danube basin) and extends westwards to Chiavenna shortly after which the Mera joins with the Liro and turns south towards Lake Como. From Chiavenna to Maloja, a distance of 32 km, the valley rises 1482 m. Most of the valley falls within the Swiss district of Maloja in the canton of Graubünden, the lower part within the Italian province of Sondrio.

The Bregaglia Range is the group of mountains to the south of the valley. Curiously, it is only in this valley in the whole Europe where the sources of three important basins (which run to different seas) have their origin: the Rhine (which runs to the North Sea), the Inn (which runs to Black Sea) and the Po River (running to Adriatic Sea).

The valley includes the Swiss municipalities of Vicosoprano, Stampa, Bondo, Soglio and Castasegna; and the Italian municipalities of Villa di Chiavenna, Piuro, and Chiavenna.

Elektrizitätswerk der Stadt Zürich (EWZ) operates three hydroelectric power plants in the valley at Vicosoprano, Bondo and Castasegna. The hydroelectric project at Vicosoprano was formed by damming the river Albigna, forming Lake Albigna. Located approximately 1000 m above the town and set back, the site is reachable by an aerial tramway operated by EWZ.

The Swiss part of the valley is inhabited by the descendants of Italian Protestants who came to Switzerland in the mid-16th century to avoid persecution by the Inquisition, and today about 75% of the population is Protestant.[1] The local dialect is a variety of Lombard with similarities to neighboring dialects of Romansh.[2]

History

The valley takes its name from the pre-Roman Alpine tribe that inhabited it, the Bergalei.

References

External links

Template:Sister-inline

Coordinates: 46°19′57″N 9°30′50″E / 46.3324°N 9.514°E / 46.3324; 9.514lmo:Bargajot rm:Bregaglia

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.