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Title: Loukozoa  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Excavata, Percolozoa, Histiona, Dinenympha, Schizopyrenida
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Scientific classification
Kingdom: Excavata
Phylum: Loukozoa
Cavalier-Smith, 1999[1]

Loukozoa (From Greek loukos: groove[1]) is a paraphyletic taxon used in some classifications of excavate protists.[2][3]

The largest group within Loukozoa is the "Jakobids". Loukozoa, however, also includes Malawimonas. Although Jakobids and Malawimonas look rather similar, they are not specifically related to one another within Excavata, and Loukozoa is a paraphyletic group. Furthermore, molecular phylogenetic evidence suggests strongly that Jakobids are instead most closely related to Heterolobosea and Euglenozoa.[4]


  1. ^ a b Cavalier-Smith, T. (1999). "Principles of protein and lipid targeting in secondary symbiogenesis: Euglenoid, dinoflagellate, and sporozoan plastid origins and the eukaryote family tree". The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 46 (4): 347–366.  
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  3. ^  
  4. ^ Vladimir Hampl, Laura Hug, Jessica W. Leigh, Joel B. Dacks, B. Franz Lang, Alastair G. B. Simpson & Andrew J. Roger (February 2009). """Phylogenomic analyses support the monophyly of Excavata and resolve relationships among eukaryotic "supergroups.  
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