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Customs territory

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Title: Customs territory  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Customs union, List of bilateral free trade agreements, Economic and monetary union, Single market, Customs and monetary union
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Customs territory

A customs territory is a geographic territory with uniform customs regulations. Existing customs territories consists fall into several types:

There are also some unregulated lands (usually uninhabited) not part of any customs territory.

As of 2010, most EU member states are continuing their own separate memberships, as not all of the WTO issues fall within the scope of exclusive EU competences.

The governing organs (trade agreements. In some cases the negotiations are conducted by a trade bloc secretariat, but the actual agreement is signed by the member states of the trade bloc. It is also possible for a group of customs territories, that do not form a customs union (regardless if they cooperate as a different type of trade bloc), to negotiate trade agreements together and to sign the resulting agreement individually (for example, the European Free Trade Association).

A customs territory usually has inspection stations at its borders, but this is not always the case. For example, there are no border checks between the EU customs territory and the Switzerland—Liechtenstein customs territory, since both are part of the Schengen Area. There can also be border checks between two parts of the same customs territory. For example, there are border checks between the Schengen Area portions of the EU customs territory and those portions in the Common Travel Area formed by the United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies, and Ireland. Another example is the border checks between Israel and the Palestinian Territories, which are in a customs union. The European Union example is particularly complicated, since it also has different boundaries for EU VAT area, the EU excise duty area, the area where EU law applies, and the area considered by the EU statistics agency.

List of customs territories

Sovereign states (including freely associated states), which typically have independent customs policies, are enumerated on the list of sovereign states. These include both freely associated states and partially recognized states.

Countries which are members of a customs union, which in some cases may be considered a single customs territory:[2]

The customs territory of the United States includes the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.[6] The following dependent territories are administered separately:[7]

The main customs territory of the People's Republic of China does not include:

The following dependent territories have independent customs policies from the main part of the sovereign country of which they are a part:

Antarctica has no domestic government; the Antarctic Treaty System governs administration of various expeditions by sovereign states.

See also


  1. ^ Example: Interim Agreement on trade and trade-related matters between the European Community, of the one part, and the Republic of Montenegro, of the other part.
  2. ^ see the list of customs unions for references
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ Some of the  
  6. ^ 19 C.F.R. 101.1
  7. ^ 19 C.F.R. 7.2
  8. ^ Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu (Chinese Taipei), World Trade Organization, retrieved 2014-09-10, Chinese Taipei has been a member of WTO since 1 January 2002. 

External links

  • "List of non-EU countries". Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
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