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People's Park (Shanghai)

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Title: People's Park (Shanghai)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Shanghai marriage market, List of attractions in Shanghai, People's Square Station, Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai Race Club
Collection: 1952 Establishments in China, Parks and Gardens in Shanghai, Urban Public Parks
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

People's Park (Shanghai)

People's Park
People's Square from the Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Center, 2013
Type Urban park
Location Shanghai, China
Created 1952

People's Park (Chinese: 人民公园; pinyin: Rénmín Gōngyuán) is a public park in Huangpu District of central Shanghai, China.[1] It is located south of Nanjing Road, a major shopping street, and north of People's Square.[2] Originally the northern part of the Shanghai Race Club, the park's central location makes it the main spot for rallies and demonstrations in Shanghai. With several major museums and Shanghai's main shopping street nearby, it is one of the top tourist destinations in the city.


  • History 1
  • Facilities 2
  • Transportation 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Former Shanghai Race Club building
View of People's Park
Pathway in People's Park

The park is built on the grounds of the former Shanghai Race Club, which was established by the British in 1862. It was the leading horse racing track in East Asia, and a popular place for the Chinese and the British for gambling on horse racing. The club building, built in 1933, became a landmark in downtown Shanghai.[3]

The club's flagpole was considered a great shame for the Chinese, as it was made from the mast of a Chinese warship captured by British and American troops. When the People's Republic of China was founded on 1 October 1949, the new Chinese national flag was hung from the pole.[4] The new Communist government banned horse racing and gambling, and converted the racecourse into People's Park (the northern half) and People's Square (the southern half) in 1952. Due to its location in the city's center, it became the main spot for political rallies and demonstrations in Shanghai.[4]

In the winter of 1986–87, the park was the focus of major student protests. Tens of thousands of protesters gathered in the park, and marched to The Bund. They were met by Jiang Zemin, then Communist Party Chief of Shanghai, and demanded democracy and radical political changes.[5] More than two years later, during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, tens of thousands of people again gathered in the park and The Bund in a display of solidarity with the protesters in Beijing.[6]

In the 1990s, major changes were made to the area. The Shanghai Municipal Government was moved to just south of the park from the former HSBC Building on The Bund. Other additions include the Shanghai Museum, the Shanghai Grand Theatre and the Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Hall, also south of the park.


The park is the location of two museums (Shanghai Art Museum and Museum of Contemporary Art Shanghai), a large pond with a cafe-bar ("Barbarossa"), and several other attractions such as a funfair.[1][2][7] Overlooking the park are a number of highrise buildings including Park Hotel Shanghai and Tomorrow Square.[7]

The Shanghai marriage market in People's Park has existed since 2004, in which marriage advertisement listings are publicly posted each weekend.[8]


People's Park can be reached on the Shanghai Metro using Line 1, Line 2 or Line 8 to People's Square station.


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External links

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