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Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones

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Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones

Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones
Alice Kent Stoddard, Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones, 1910, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
Born 1885
Died 1968
Nationality American
Education
Notable work
  • The Porch (1907)
  • Shoe Shop (1911)
  • Shop Girls (1912)
  • The Dreamer (c. 1942)
Awards

Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones (1885–1968) was an American painter who lived in New York City, Philadelphia, and Paris, France.[1] She had a successful career as a painter at the turn of the century, exhibiting her works internationally and winning awards. She had a mental breakdown that caused a break in her career, and she returned to have a successful second career, creating modern watercolor paintings. She was a resident at three artist colonies, with notable artists, writers, and musicians. Sparhawk-Jones' works are in American art museums, including the Art Institute of Chicago, Metropolitan Museum of Art, and Museum of Modern Art.

Contents

  • Personal life 1
    • Family 1.1
    • Mental breakdown 1.2
    • Relationships 1.3
    • Residences 1.4
  • Education 2
  • Career 3
    • Early career 3.1
    • Low point 3.2
    • Artist colonies 3.3
    • Later career 3.4
  • Collections 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
    • Exhibition catalogs 7.1
    • About Sparhawk-Jones 7.2
  • External links 8

Personal life

Family

Elizabeth was the daughter of Rev. John Sparhawk Jones, D.D. and Harriet Sterett Winchester, who grew up in Northern Baltimore County on the Clynmalira estate.[2][1] John Sparhawk Jones was a clergyman at the Brown Memorial Presbyterian Church in Baltimore's Bolton Hill[2][2] until 1890.[3] The Sparhawk-Joneses moved to Philadelphia after John suffered a deep depression[2] and he became the pastor of the Calvary Church in 1894.[6][3]

Her mother was a domineering women, however Harriet believed in allowing children to follow their talents and interests.[5] She also introduced Elizabeth and her sister Margaret to classic literature.[5][8] Both of her parents encouraged Elizabeth to pursue her interest in art,[2] which began at about seven years of age.[5] She won first place in a nationwide art contest as a child[9] and Sparhawk-Jones left school at about 15 years of age to attend the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (PAFA).[5] She chose to hyphenate her last name, unlike her father[7] or other members of her family.[5]

Sparhawk-Jones' first love was Morton Livingston Schamberg, who was a fellow artist and student at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.[2] Her parents, though, did not approve of her relationship with Schamberg, likely because he was Jewish. In 1906, she was persuaded by her parents to turn down the coveted two-year traveling scholarship from PAFA, which would have had her in Paris at the same time as Schamberg. Their relationship then ended.[10]

While the family of four was on vacation,[6] Elizabeth's father died on August 20, 1910 in Vermont[11] at Bread Loaf.[12][4] That year, Margaret graduated from University of Pennsylvania with a Master's Degree.[13] Margaret married Bayard Turnbull in Paris in October 1913[14] against her mother's wishes. Harriet pressed Elizabeth to side with her, which resulted in a strained relationship between the sisters for many years.[15] Elizabeth became exhausted from her career efforts, the strain in the relationship with her sister Margaret, and family financial losses.[16]

Mental breakdown

Sparhawk-Jones struggled with depression, like her father, and when she was not well she burned her paintings, which reduced the number of works available for sale.[2] In 1913,[17][18] Sparhawk-Jones had a mental breakdown and lived in the Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane for three years.[17][8] The experience was hard on her and she was forever changed. Sparhawk-Jones was terrified and lonely at the asylum, and may have been subject to opium or sedative drugs.[17] She moved in with her mother after she was released from the hospital in 1916.[19] Sparhawk-Jones dealt with the losses of her teacher William Merritt Chase, who died in 1916, and Morton Shamburg, who died in 1918.[19] She said that she did not work as an artist for about 12 years.[5]

Relationships

Lilla Cabot Perry, Edwin Arlington Robinson, 1916, Colby College Special Collections, Waterville, Maine

Sparhawk-Jones appreciated the company of writers over other artists, and enjoyed the periods when she lived at artist retreats, like MacDowell Colony and Yaddo, which had resident writers, musicians, and artists.[5] Edwin Arlington Robinson (1868–1935), a Pulitzer Prize winning poet,[2] and Sparhawk-Jones visited the MacDowell Colony at the same times over a cumulative total of ten years.[5] They had a romantic relationship in which she was in love with him,[2] devoted to him, understood him, and did not press for a more intimate relationship. He called her Sparhawk and was courteous towards her.[20] They had a relationship that D. H. Tracy described as "courtly, quiet, and intense." When he died, Sparhawk-Jones attended his vigil and then painted several paintings in his memory.[20] She described him as a charming, sensitive, and emotionally grounded man with high moral values.[20]

Sparhawk-Jones was a friend of Nancy Cox-McCormack, with whom she corresponded between 1935 and 1956,[21] Marsden Hartley,[2] and Hudson Walker (of the Hudson Walker Gallery).[22] Sparhawk-Jones was known for her humor and wit, but confided in a 1964 oral history interview that she always felt lonely, preferring a quiet lifestyle.[2]

Residences

Sparhawk-Jones lived part of her adult life in and around Philadelphia, including the rural Westtown, Pennsylvania. She visited Paris often for up to six months at a time, returning to spend time with her family.[5][5] In the mid-1950s, she moved to Paris and lived there at least through the mid-1960s.[5] She died in 1968 and is buried in the same cemetery as her sister and her parents in northern Baltimore County, Maryland.[2]

Education

Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones, The Porch, 1907

Sparhawk-Jones studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (PAFA).[22] From about 1900, when she was 15 through about 1903, when Thomas Anshutz, Charles Sheeler, and Morton Livingston Schamberg were there. Anshutz taught sketch classes with plaster cast models and dressed models.[5] She received letters of encouragement and critiques by William Merritt Chase,[2] who taught a portrait and life class.[5] During one of the summers at PAFA, she studied in Paris at the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere, where she found the life drawing classes freer than in the United States. In Paris, models included adolescents and pretty young women, and there was an openness and comfort with nudity.[5] Sparhawk-Jones attended Darby School of Painting at Fort Washington,[23] under Anshutz,[5] who was co-founder of the summer school and taught there through 1910.[24] She learned modern art through Schamberg, who was a romantic interest at PAFA.[5]

Career

Early career

Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones, Shoe Shop, 1911

Sparhawk-Jones was supporting herself through the sales of her oil and watercolor paintings by the time she was eighteen. She painted scenes of women reading or shopping as well as mothers and children walking through a park.[25] Her William Merritt Chase's style.[2]

She exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and in 1908 and 1912 was awarded the Mary Smith Prize.[26] The 1908 prize was won for Roller Skates[27] and the 1912 prize was won for a painting of a flower shop in Paris[28] entitled In the Spring, noted for its radiant colors.[29] Sparhawk-Jones's portrait, painted by Alice Kent Stoddard before 1911, is in the collection of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.[30]

Shoe Shop, which she painted in 1911, captures the chaotic shopping excursions of the cosmopolitan New Women of the 20th century. This is compared to the more sedate painting by William Glackens entitled The Shoppers (1907). Both paintings, though, capture wealthy women who have a new-found interest in shopping in the city, evidenced by the crowded figures in the paintings.[31] The Journal of the American Medical Association, which used Shoe Shop as its March 24, 1999 cover, described Sparhawk-Jones as "witty, spirited, and talented".[25] She received positive critical attention for her paintings, but Sparhawk-Jones did not enjoy and avoided promoting her work.[2]

Her painting Shop Girls c. 1912 was exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago as part of an intention to pick "eye-popping" or "little masterpieces of compactness and stimulation" from American artist's works of the late 19th century and early 20th-century.[32] Now in the Art Institute's collection,[33] Shop Girls was the first woman's painting bought by the Friends of America Art of the Art Institute. It was purchased in 1913 from Sparhawk-Jones for $550. Women's paintings were not generally as revered as paintings by men, which could fetch several thousands of dollars per painting at that time.[34][23] The painting was made into a poster in the 1980s by the New York Department of Labor,[35] which had the following quotation:

Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones, Shop Girls, 1912

Low point

She hit a low point in her career when she suffered from mental illness[5] and was admitted to an asylum in 1913[17] but she exhibited work in the mid 1910s, like the 1916 exhibition at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts when she exhibited The Gardener.[36]

Artist colonies

She was one of the resident painters in the MacDowell Colony,[37] run by Marian MacDowell in Peterborough, New Hampshire.[38] Lilla Cabot Perry was another of the resident painters.[38] The colony provided residence and a place for men and women to develop their literary, artistic, or musical talent.[38][39] Sparhawk-Jones was identified as one of the "men and women who have gone on to enrich American life". Among the other named influential people were Puerto Rican Governor and poet Luis Muñoz Marín, novelists Willa Cather and Thornton Wilder, and poet Edwin Arlington Robinson.[39] According to Starhawk-Jones, she was there for a sum total of about ten years, and Robinson was there during each of her stays.[5]

In 1928,[40] she was a resident at Yaddo,[5][41] a 400-acre estate and artist community in Saratoga Springs, New York founded by Spencer and Katrina Trask.[9] She continued to receive invitations to visit Yaddo for one- to two-month stays over the years, and her works were exhibited with those of Yaddo residents after her stays, such as in 1956 when two of her watercolor paintings incorporated in a Yaddo exhibit at Schenectady Museum while she was living in Europe.[9] Other former Yaddo residents include Langston Hughes, Katherine Anne Porter, Truman Capote, and Sylvia Plath.[42]

Research Institute, now Maitland Art Center, Maitland, Florida

For two or three years, she lived and worked in Florida at the Research Institute (now Maitland Art Center), which was run by Mary Louise Curtis Bok, later the wife of Efrem Zimbalist, and Andre Smith.[5] Her works were exhibited at the Research Studio Gallery in late March and early April 1940.[43]

Later career

She encouraged gallery and Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts shows of the works of self-taught Horace Pippin, of whom she said: "For me he is one of the few real artists in our century, when he is at his best."[22]

In the 1940 book Pennsylvania; a Guide to the Keystone State, Sparhawk-Jones was identified as one of the state's "important young artists".[44] William Alexander Newman Dorland also identified her as a talented woman painter, along with Cecilia Beaux and other American and English painters in his book The Sum of Feminine Achievement.[45] She reestablished a successful career of modern works in the 1940s, during which she lived in Philadelphia.[8][18] Sparhawk-Jones has particularly had a following in Chicago and Philadelphia.[8]

In 1940, she combined watercolor and oil in The Generations. Of her talent, realized in the painting, Marsden Hartley said, "It seems to be with something of a mental rapier that she conceives her subject matter for [her] pictures border on the exceptionally forceful and they are different in thought, as well as execution, from the work of most of the soft painters among men and women. She is a thinking painter with a rare sense of the drama of poetic and romantic incident."[46]

Comparison to Sparhawk-Jones' The Dreamer[47]
Michelangelo, The Dream, c. 1533, Courtauld Institute of Art, London
Francisco Goya's Capricho 43: The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, 1799, Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest

She painted with watercolor in the 1940s,[5] such as The Dreamer which is in the permanent collection of the Delaware Art Museum.[47]

Curator Heather Campbell Coyle compared it to Michelangelo's The Dream (c.1533) and Francisco Goya's Capricho 43: The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters (1799). In Sparhawk-Jones' painting, the dreamer is a sleeping nude woman surrounded by images that seem to reflect her eerie nightmare.[47] A skeleton lies against a stone in the foreground and above her nude women are carried by "winged creatures" into the darkness.[47] Women are also carried away by men with wings, dressed in business suits.[47] The painting has a composition similar to Michelangelo's painting, but Coyle states that, to her, the work is more similar to Goya's painting that also includes winged creatures above the sleeping subject of the painting.[47]

Sparhawk-Jones was called a phenomenon in 1944 in an American Artist magazine, in which the author questioned, "Strange, that she is not recognized far and wide as among the ablest, most distinguished women painters in the United States."[2] Sparhawk-Jones may not have attained greater fame, because at that time there was a "glass ceiling" for women artists that prevented them from attaining significant notoriety, according to biographer Townsend Ludington.[2] Jerry Saltz of the Village Voice, for example, found that modern women painters, born 1879 to 1969, only accounted for 5% of the paintings in the Museum of Modern Art's permanent collection,[2] which includes one of her paintings, Startled Woman. Barbara Lehmen Smith postulated about additional theories. For instance, it could also have been because she didn't promote her paintings, further complicated by her destruction of paintings when she was ill. Another theory is that she was not taken seriously because of her periods of mental illness.[2]

An exhibition of her watercolor paintings was held at PAFA in April 1948.[48] Beginning in the mid-1950s and into the mid-1960s, she lived and enjoyed painting in Paris at the Saint Roman hotel near Tuileries Garden and the Louvre.[5] Her work was featured in a story in the summer 1954 issue of the New Mexico Quarterly.[49] Sparhawk-Jones was described as an emotional painter who created spiritual works of art in the 1960s.[2] She was interviewed in 1964 for an oral history project by Ruth Gurin Bowman, curator of New York University's art collection, who gave the interview materials to the Archives of American Art.[1] That year she won an award for her painting of a seascape at the Silvermine Guild of Artists show in New England.[50]

Papers about her career, including exhibition catalogs, sketches, artist's statements, and newspaper clippings are held at the Victor Building in the Smithsonian American Art Museum / National Portrait Gallery Library.[51] In 2010, Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones: The Artist Who Lived Twice, a biography of her life, was written and published by Barbara Leham Smith. Her research included four boxes of materials that had originally belonged to Sparhawk-Jones that were inadvertently included with Smith's boxes during an office move from La Paix,[6] the former home of Margaret Sparhawk Jones Turnbull,[2] to another St. Joseph Medical Center location about 1993.[8]

Collections

Elizabeth Sparhawk Jones, The Market, 1909, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia

Actor Claude Rains was a collector of her works.[2] Her works in private collections are valued up to $250,000[2] and are in the following public collections:

Notes

  1. ^ Harriet Sparhawk Jones, the daughter of Alexander Winchester,[3] wrote about the history and her life at the estate in the article A Childhood at Clynmalira.[4] Her maternal grandfather was Henry Hill Carroll,[2] of the Maryland Carroll family.[5]
  2. ^ John Sparhawk Jones was the son of Judge Joel Jones, who was a mayor of Philadelphia, and Miss Sparhawk Huntington.[5]
  3. ^ In 1906, Rev. John Sparhawk Jones' portrait was painted by William Merritt Chase.[7]
  4. ^ The New York Observer stated that he died in Bradlow, Vermont.[6]
  5. ^ Her sister Margaret, studied at Bryn Mawr, received her Master's in history from the University of Pennsylvania. She married and had a son, Andrew Turnbull, who was an artist, writer, and educator at Harvard.[5]
  6. ^ The house, where the boxes of materials came from, may have also been called Trimbush, or Trimbush may have been the Sparhawk Jones famiy house.[8] Trimbush was also the nickname of one of her relatives, a hunter, on the Carroll side of her family.[5] In the 1960s, Margaret Turnbull sold the La Paix and its surrounding land to St. Joseph Medical Center in Baltimore.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b "Oral history interview with Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones, 1964 Apr. 26". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Barbara Lehman Smith (June 2011). "Search for Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones" (PDF). MD Arrive. pp. 34–36. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b University of Pennsylvania. Society of the Alumni (1894). Biographical Catalogue of the Matriculates of the College Together with Lists of the Members of the College Faculty and the Trustees, Officers and Recipients of Honorary Degrees, 1749–1893. Society. p. 227. 
  4. ^ "A Childhood at Clynmalira" (PDF) 51 (2). Maryland Historical Magazine. June 1956. pp. 101–124. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Ruth Gurin Bowman (April 26, 1964). "Oral history interview with Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones, 1964 Apr. 26". Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c Henry Pringle Ford (1910). "Presbyterianism in Philadelphia". New-York Observer. Morse, Hallock & Company. p. 272. 
  7. ^ a b Ronald G. Pisano; Marjorie Shelley (2007). William Merritt Chase: Portraits in oil. Yale University Press. p. 230.  
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Katie V. Jones (August 17, 2010). "Baltimore County author writes book about artist Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones: Sparks woman to discuss painter's life at Cockeysville presentation". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c "Museum Notes". Schenectady Gazette (Schenectady, New York). September 14, 1956. p. 5. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 
  10. ^ Barbara Lehman Smith. Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones: The Artist Who Lived Twice. Denver, Colorado: Outskirts Press. pp. 56–61.  
  11. ^ Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Synod of Pennsylvania (1910). Minutes of the ... Annual Session of the Synod of Pennsylvania of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America. p. 100. 
  12. ^ Princeton Theological Seminary (November 1910). The Princeton Seminary bulletin: Supplementary issue IV (3). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton Theological Seminary. p. 15. 
  13. ^ University of Pennsylvania. General Alumni Society (1922). General Alumni Catalogue of the University of Pennsylvania, 1922. The University. pp. 406, 788. 
  14. ^ "Turnbull—Sparhawk-Jones". New-York Tribune (New York, New York). October 29, 1913. p. 9. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 
  15. ^ Barbara Lehman Smith. Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones: The Artist Who Lived Twice. Denver, Colorado: Outskirts Press. pp. 94–95.  
  16. ^ Barbara Lehman Smith. Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones: The Artist Who Lived Twice. Denver, Colorado: Outskirts Press. p. 99.  
  17. ^ a b c d Barbara Lehman Smith. Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones: The Artist Who Lived Twice. Denver, Colorado: Outskirts Press. p. 102.  
  18. ^ a b """Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts presents "Modern Women at PAFA: From Cassatt to O'Keeffe. Art Daily. March 30, 2015. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  19. ^ a b Barbara Lehman Smith. Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones: The Artist Who Lived Twice. Denver, Colorado: Outskirts Press. pp. 104–105.  
  20. ^ a b c D. H. Tracy (2008). "Review: Aspects of Robinson, Part 2". Contemporary Poetry Review. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman Papers, 1906–2000". Five Colleges Archives & Manuscript Collection. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  22. ^ a b c Judith E. Stein (1993). "I Tell My Heart: The Art of Horace Pippin". Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Academy of the Arts. Retrieved March 28, 2015 – via http://judithestein.com. 
  23. ^ a b "Summer Schools (p. 247) Recent Accessions to Public Collections (p. 287)". Art and Progress. American Federation of Arts. 1915. pp. 247, 287. 
  24. ^ "Finding Aid". Thomas Anshutz papers, circa 1870–1942. Archives of American Art. 2005. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 
  25. ^ a b Brande Martin (March 24, 1999). "The Cover.(Shoe Shop by Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones)". The Journal of the American Medical Association. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  26. ^ Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (1915). Schools of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. p. 17. 
  27. ^ Sir Humphry Davy (June 1907 – May 1908). The collected works of Sir Humphry Davy ...: Discourses delivered before the Royal society. Elements of agricultural chemistry, pt. I. Smith, Elder and Company. p. 166. 
  28. ^ The International Studio. New York Offices of the International Studio. 1912. p. 245. 
  29. ^ "The Pennsylvania Academy". Arts & Decoration. Artspur publications, Incorporated. March 1912. p. 180. 
  30. ^ "Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones, by Alice Kent Stoddard". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  31. ^ New Women" of the Early Twentieth Century: Shopping and Urban Life""". Women and art. Radford University. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  32. ^ Art Institute of Chicago (2003). Museum Education at the Art Institute of Chicago. University of Illinois Press. pp. 38–39.  
  33. ^ a b "Shop Girls (painting)". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  34. ^ Kathleen D. McCarthy (1991). Women's Culture: American Philanthropy and Art, 1830–1930. University of Chicago Press. pp. 134–135.  
  35. ^ a b )"Shop Girls"Painting / mural Item no. 28118 (Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones . Washington, D.C.: Labor Arts. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  36. ^ Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (1916). Catalogue of the Annual Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture. p. 62. 
  37. ^ Karen J. Blair (February 22, 1994). The Torchbearers: Women and Their Amateur Arts Associations in America, 1890–1930. Indiana University Press. p. 215.  
  38. ^ a b c Robin Rausch. "The House that Marian Built: The MacDowell Colony of Petersborough, New Hampshire". American Women. Library of Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  39. ^ a b John B. Knox, Associated Press (October 8, 1961). "Tribute to MacDowell Colony: Writers, Artists, Composers Find Peace for working at Quiet Colony". Appleton Post Crescent (Appleton, Wisconsin). p. C12. 
  40. ^ Micki McGee (2008). Yaddo: Making American Culture. Columbia University Press. p. 60.  
  41. ^ "Visual Artists (list of artists who resided at Yaddo between June 1926 and December 2008)" (PDF). Yaddo. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 
  42. ^ "History". Yaddo. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 
  43. ^ "Recent Paintings at Research Studio" (PDF). Winter Park Topics. Winter Park, Florida. March 30, 1940. p. 3. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  44. ^ Pennsylvania; a Guide to the Keystone State. Best Books on Federal Writers' Project. 1940. pp. 166–167.  
  45. ^ William Alexander Newman Dorland (1917). The Sum of Feminine Achievement: A Critical and Analytical Study of Woman's Contribution to the Intellectual Progress of the World. Stratford. pp. 154–155. 
  46. ^ a b "The Generations". Wichita Art Museum. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  47. ^ a b c d e f g Heather Campbell Coyle, Curator of American Art (December 17, 2012). "The Dreamer". Delaware Art Museum. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  48. ^ "Archived Exhibitions". Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  49. ^ "Summer New Mexico Quarterly has Variety of Articles and Stories". Albuquerque Tribune (Albuquerque, New Mexico). July 24, 1954. p. 4. 
  50. ^ "UB Staffer a Top Winner at Big Silvermine Show". The Bridgeport Post (Bridgeport, Connecticut). June 21, 1964. p. B13. 
  51. ^ "Artist File: Sparhawk-Jones, Elizabeth, b. 1885". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  52. ^ "Shoe Shop (painting)". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  53. ^ "The Dreamer (painting)". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  54. ^ "Caryatides". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  55. ^ "Startled Woman". Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  56. ^ "The Market (painting)". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  57. ^ "Modern Women at PAFA: From Cassatt to O'Keeffe – Women artists who paved the way for future generations of professional women artists (slide 5)". Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  58. ^ "The Sea Claims its Own (painting)". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  59. ^ "The Generations (painting)". Smithsonian Institution Research Information System. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 

Further reading

Exhibition catalogs

  • Graham Gallery (1964). Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones. Graham Gallery. 
  • Frank K.M. Rehn Galleries (1956). Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones. Frank K.M. Rehn Galleries. 

About Sparhawk-Jones

  • Anne d'Harnoncourt (1976). "Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones". Philadelphia: Three Centuries of American Art – Bicentennial exhibition, April 11 – October 10, 1976. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art. pp. 493–494.  
  • George Semsel (1960). "Three Neglected Painters: Alice Neel, Clifford Gress-Wright, and Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones". Wagner College, New York: Wagner Literary Magazine. pp. 42–46. 
  • "She Paints on Her Pulse". American Artist 8 (7): 10. September 1944. The article presents information about painter Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones and her paintings. It is stated that she brings highly original interpretations of well-worn themes like "Susanna and the Elders," "A Letter to One Loved," and "On Hearing of the Death of a Friend." Excerpts from Sparhawk-Jones letters are also presented where she shares personal experiences in painting. 
  • Barbara Lehman Smith (May–June 2013). "Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones: An Overlooked Phenomenon". Fine Art Connoisseur. 

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

External media
Images
Woman with Fish, 1936 or 1937, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
The Generations, c. 1940, Wichita Art Museum
The Dreamer, c. 1942, Delaware Art Museum
Elizabeth Sparhawk Jones in group photo, 1952, MacDowell Colony
Video
The Artist Who Lived Twice, images of her two-phased career
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