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9-simplex

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9-simplex

Regular decayotton
(9-simplex)

Orthogonal projection
inside Petrie polygon
Type Regular 9-polytope
Family simplex
Schläfli symbol {3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3}
Coxeter-Dynkin diagram
8-faces 10 8-simplex
7-faces 45 7-simplex
6-faces 120 6-simplex
5-faces 210 5-simplex
4-faces 252 5-cell
Cells 210 tetrahedron
Faces 120 triangle
Edges 45
Vertices 10
Vertex figure 8-simplex
Petrie polygon decagon
Coxeter group A9 [3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3]
Dual Self-dual
Properties convex

In geometry, a 9-simplex is a self-dual regular 9-polytope. It has 10 vertices, 45 edges, 120 triangle faces, 210 tetrahedral cells, 252 5-cell 4-faces, 210 5-simplex 5-faces, 120 6-simplex 6-faces, 45 7-simplex 7-faces, and 10 8-simplex 8-faces. Its dihedral angle is cos−1(1/9), or approximately 83.62°.

It can also be called a decayotton, or deca-9-tope, as a 10-facetted polytope in 9-dimensions.. The name decayotton is derived from deca for ten facets in Greek and -yott (variation of oct for eight), having 8-dimensional facets, and -on.

Coordinates

The Cartesian coordinates of the vertices of an origin-centered regular decayotton having edge length 2 are:

\left(\sqrt{1/45},\ 1/6,\ \sqrt{1/28},\ \sqrt{1/21},\ \sqrt{1/15},\ \sqrt{1/10},\ \sqrt{1/6},\ \sqrt{1/3},\ \pm1\right)
\left(\sqrt{1/45},\ 1/6,\ \sqrt{1/28},\ \sqrt{1/21},\ \sqrt{1/15},\ \sqrt{1/10},\ \sqrt{1/6},\ -2\sqrt{1/3},\ 0\right)
\left(\sqrt{1/45},\ 1/6,\ \sqrt{1/28},\ \sqrt{1/21},\ \sqrt{1/15},\ \sqrt{1/10},\ -\sqrt{3/2},\ 0,\ 0\right)
\left(\sqrt{1/45},\ 1/6,\ \sqrt{1/28},\ \sqrt{1/21},\ \sqrt{1/15},\ -2\sqrt{2/5},\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)
\left(\sqrt{1/45},\ 1/6,\ \sqrt{1/28},\ \sqrt{1/21},\ -\sqrt{5/3},\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)
\left(\sqrt{1/45},\ 1/6,\ \sqrt{1/28},\ -\sqrt{12/7},\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)
\left(\sqrt{1/45},\ 1/6,\ -\sqrt{7/4},\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)
\left(\sqrt{1/45},\ -4/3,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)
\left(-3\sqrt{1/5},\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)

More simply, the vertices of the 9-simplex can be positioned in 10-space as permutations of (0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1). This construction is based on facets of the 10-orthoplex.

Images

orthographic projections
Ak Coxeter plane A9 A8 A7 A6
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [10] [9] [8] [7]
Ak Coxeter plane A5 A4 A3 A2
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [6] [5] [4] [3]

References

  • H.S.M. Coxeter:
    • Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0-486-61480-8, p.296, Table I (iii): Regular Polytopes, three regular polytopes in n-dimensions (n≥5)
    • H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, 3rd Edition, Dover New York, 1973, p.296, Table I (iii): Regular Polytopes, three regular polytopes in n-dimensions (n≥5)
    • Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [1]
      • (Paper 22) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi Regular Polytopes I, [Math. Zeit. 46 (1940) 380-407, MR 2,10]
      • (Paper 23) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes II, [Math. Zeit. 188 (1985) 559-591]
      • (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3-45]
  • John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 26. pp. 409: Hemicubes: 1n1)
  • Norman Johnson Uniform Polytopes, Manuscript (1991)
    • N.W. Johnson: The Theory of Uniform Polytopes and Honeycombs, Ph.D. (1966)
  • Richard Klitzing, 9D uniform polytopes (polyyotta), x3o3o3o3o3o3o3o3o - day

External links

  • Glossary for hyperspace, George Olshevsky.
  • Polytopes of Various Dimensions
  • Multi-dimensional Glossary
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