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Title: Ašvieniai  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Divine twins, Lithuanian gods, Baltic Myth, Legend & Folklore, List of Lithuanian mythological figures, Ashvins
Collection: Divine Twins, Lithuanian Gods, Mythological Horses
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Ašviniai, commonly called the little horses, on the rooftop of a house in Nida

Ašvieniai are divine twins in the Lithuanian mythology, identical to Latvian Dieva deli and the Baltic counterparts of Vedic Ashvins.[1] Both names derive from the same Proto-Indo-European root for the horse – *ek'w-.[2] Old Lithuanian ašva and Sanskrit ashva mean "horse". Ašvieniai are represented as pulling a carriage of Saulė (the Sun) through the sky.[1] Ašvieniai, depicted as žirgeliai or little horses, are common motifs on Lithuanian rooftops,[1] placed for protection of the house.[3] Similar motifs can also be found on beehives, harnesses, bed frames, and other household objects.[4] Ašvieniai are related to Lithuanian Ūsinis and Latvian Ūsiņš (cf. Vedic Ushas), gods of horses.[5]


  1. ^ a b c Hamacher, Duane W. "The Sumerians and Gemini: Sumerian Astronomical Interpretations as Origins of the Divine Horse Twins and Solar Chariots in Indo-European Mythology (Unpublished manuscript)". p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-10-31. 
  2. ^ Indo-European etymology
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Musteikis, Egidijus (2003-06-09). "Arklys tradicijose" (in Lietuvių). Horse Museum – Branch of A. Baranauskas and A. Vienuolis-Žukauskas Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on 2010-10-31. Retrieved 2010-01-07. 
  5. ^ Leeming, David Adams (2003). From Olympus to Camelot: The World of European Mythology. Oxford University Press. pp. 125–126.  

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