World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Adobe Acrobat

Adobe Acrobat
Adobe Acrobat Pro DC running on Windows 8. Other editions of Acrobat DC (Standard and Reader) feature a similar interface.
Developer(s) Adobe Systems
Stable release
  • Windows
    15.009.20069 (October 13, 2015 (2015-10-13)) [1]
  • Mac OS X
    15.009.20069 (June 30, 2015 (2015-06-30)) [1]
  • Android
    15.0.0 (Build 113454) (April 6, 2015 (2015-04-06)) [2]
  • iOS
    15.0.0 (April 7, 2015 (2015-04-07)) [3]
  • Linux
    9.5.5 (May 14, 2013 (2013-05-14)) [4][5]
  • Windows (Metro-style)
    3.1 (September 29, 2014 (2014-09-29)) [6][7]
  • Windows Phone 8 (November 18, 2014 (2014-11-18)) [8][9]
Preview release None
Written in C++[10]
Operating system Windows, OS X, Linux,[11] Android, iOS, BlackBerry Tablet OS, BlackBerry 10, Windows Phone
  • Reader: 71.24 MB[12]
  • Acrobat Pro: 501 MB[13]
Type Desktop publishing


  • .com.adobeacrobat

Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software and Web services developed by Adobe Systems to view, create, manipulate, print and manage files in Portable Document Format (PDF).[14]

The family comprises Acrobat Reader (formerly Adobe Reader), Acrobat (formerly Acrobat Exchange) and The freeware Acrobat Reader, available for several desktop and mobile platforms, can view, print and annotate PDF files.[15] The commercial proprietary Acrobat, available for Microsoft Windows and OS X only, can also create, edit, convert, digitally sign, encrypt, export and publish PDF files. complements the family with a variety of enterprise content management and file hosting services.


  • History 1
    • Product names 1.1
  • Version history 2
  • Internationalization and localization 3
    • Language availability 3.1
    • Specific features for Arabic and Hebrew languages 3.2
  • Security 4
    • September 2006 warning 4.1
    • February 2009 warning 4.2
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Since the early 1990s the Acrobat product has had several competitors, some of which used their own document formats, such as:

Adobe also allows third parties to develop Acrobat plug-ins, which can add extra functions to the Acrobat program.

Product names

Adobe has changed the names of the products of the Acrobat set several times, also dividing, merging, or discontinuing products. Initially, the name "Acrobat" was used as the parent name of a set of products which included Acrobat Reader, Acrobat Exchange and Acrobat Distiller. Over time Acrobat Reader became Reader; and the name Acrobat Exchange was simplified to Acrobat. Between version 3 and 5, Standard and Professional versions were one product known simply as Acrobat.

As of April 2015, the main members of the Acrobat family include:[16]

Acrobat XI
Reader XI
Distiller XI

Desktop applications:

  • Adobe Acrobat Reader DC (for Windows 7 and above. Reader X is the last supported version for Windows Vista).[17]
  • Adobe Acrobat Standard DC
  • Adobe Acrobat Pro DC

Mobile applications with the Document Cloud (DC) launch:

  • Adobe Acrobat DC (mobile app on iOS and Android)
  • Fill n Sign app
  • e-Sign manager
SendNow (Online services):

  • CreatePDF
  • ExportPDF
  • EchoSign
  • FormsCentral
  • Personal Storage
  • Send
  • Workspaces

Unlike most other Adobe products, such as members of Adobe Creative Suite family, the Acrobat products do not have icons that display two letters on a colored rectangle.

Version history

See Adobe Acrobat version history

Internationalization and localization

Language availability

Adobe Acrobat is available in the following languages: Arabic, Chinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish and Ukrainian. Arabic and Hebrew versions are available from WinSoft International,[18] Adobe Systems' internationalization and localization partner.

Specific features for Arabic and Hebrew languages

The Arabic and Hebrew versions are developed specifically for these languages, which are normally written right-to-left. These versions include special TouchUp properties to manage digits, ligatures option and paragraph direction in right-to-left Middle Eastern scripts such as Arabic, Hebrew, and Persian, as well as standard left-to-right Indian scripts such as Devanagari and Gujarati. The Web Capture feature can convert single web pages or entire web sites into PDF files, while preserving the content's original text encoding. Acrobat can also copy Arabic and Hebrew text to the system clipboard in its original encoding; if the target application is also compatible with the text encoding, then the text will appear in the correct script.


The latest security bulletins from Adobe are published on their Security bulletins and advisories page.[19] There have been security updates for Adobe Reader and Acrobat on January 10, April 10 and August 14, 2012, and January 8, 2013.[20]

From Version 3.02 onwards, Acrobat Reader (now Adobe Reader) has included support for JavaScript. This functionality allows a PDF document creator to include code which executes when the document is read. Malicious PDF files that attempt to attack security vulnerabilities can be attached to links on web pages or distributed as email attachments. While JavaScript is designed without direct access to the file system to make it "safe", vulnerabilities have been reported for abuses such as distributing malicious code by Acrobat programs.[21] Adobe applications had already become the most popular client-software targets for attackers during the last quarter of 2009.[22] McAfee predicted that Adobe software, especially Reader and Flash, would be the primary target for software attacks during 2010.[23]

September 2006 warning

On September 13, 2006, David Kierznowski provided sample PDF files illustrating JavaScript vulnerabilities. Since at least version 6, JavaScript can be disabled using the preferences menu and embedded URLs that are launched are intercepted by a security warning dialog box to either allow or block the website from activating.[24]

February 2009 warning

On February 19, 2009, Adobe released a Security Bulletin announcing JavaScript vulnerabilities in Adobe Reader and Acrobat versions 9 and earlier.[25] As a workaround for this issue, US-CERT recommended disabling JavaScript in the affected Adobe products, canceling integration with Windows shell and web browsers (while carrying out an extended version of de-integration for Internet Explorer), deactivating Adobe indexing service and avoiding all PDF files from external sources.[26]

See also


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^ Adobe Security bulletins and advisories
  20. ^ Security Updates for Adobe Reader and Acrobat, Jan. 8, 2013
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^

External links

  • Official website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.