World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Antipope Victor IV (1138)

Article Id: WHEBN0001245851
Reproduction Date:

Title: Antipope Victor IV (1138)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Antipope Victor IV (1159–1164), Antipope Anacletus II, Antipopes, Papal election, 1130, Antipope
Collection: 12Th-Century Christian Clergy, 12Th-Century Italian People, Antipopes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Antipope Victor IV (1138)

Victor IV (died after April 1139) was an antipope for a short time in 1138.

He was born in Ceccano as Gregorio Conti. Pope Paschal II created him cardinal-priest of SS. XII Apostoli ca. 1102, but in 1112 deposed him and replaced in his title, because he had severely criticised (together with cardinal Robert of S. Eusebio, also subsequently deposed) Paschal's policy towards the emperor Henry V. He was restored as cardinal only by Callistus II in 1122/23. In the papal election, 1130 he joined the obedience of Antipope Anacletus II (1130–38) and after his death he was chosen as his successor in March 1138. However, through the influence of Bernard of Clairvaux he was induced two months afterwards to make his submission to Pope Innocent II (1130–43). Innocent II initially restored him as cardinal of SS. Apostoli, but in the Second Lateran Council in April 1139 all the former adherents of Anacletus II were condemned and deposed. Then he retired to the priorate of S. Eusebio in Fontanella. The date of his death is not recorded; his successor in the title of SS. Apostoli appears for the first time on January 4, 1157.

Bibliography

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.