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Aryl

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Title: Aryl  
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Subject: Sonogashira coupling, Weinreb ketone synthesis, Organoboron chemistry, C-Met inhibitors, Transferase
Collection: Aryl Groups, Substituents
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Aryl

A phenyl group is the simplest aryl group, here bonded to an "R" group.

In the context of organic molecules, aryl refers to any functional group or substituent derived from an aromatic ring, be it phenyl, naphthyl, thienyl, indolyl, etc. (see IUPAC nomenclature).[1] "Aryl" is used for the sake of abbreviation or generalization, and "Ar" is used as a placeholder for the aryl group in chemical structure diagrams.

A simple aryl group is phenyl, C6H5; it is derived from benzene. The tolyl group, CH3C6H4, is derived from toluene (methylbenzene). The xylyl group, (CH3)2C6H3, is derived from xylene (dimethylbenzene), while the naphthyl group, C10H7, is derived from naphthalene.

Arylation is a chemical process in which an aryl group is attached to a substrate.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://goldbook.iupac.org/A00464.html
  2. ^ Bock KW, Köhle C (2006). "Ah receptor: dioxin-mediated toxic responses as hints to deregulated physiologic functions". Biochem. Pharmacol. 72 (4): 393–404.  
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