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Baracaldo

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Baracaldo

Barakaldo
City

Coat of arms
Barakaldo
Barakaldo
Location in Spain

Coordinates: 43°17′50″N 2°59′30″W / 43.29722°N 2.99167°W / 43.29722; -2.99167Coordinates: 43°17′50″N 2°59′30″W / 43.29722°N 2.99167°W / 43.29722; -2.99167

Country  Spain
Autonomous community País Vasco
Province Biscay
Comarca Greater Bilbao
Founded pre 1051
Government
 • Alcalde Jesús María González Suances (2013) (PSE-EE)
Area
 • Total 25.03 km2 (9.66 sq mi)
Elevation 39 m (128 ft)
Highest elevation 560 m (1,840 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 100,369
 • Density 4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Demonym baracaldés, -sa
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 48900, 48901, 48902 and 48903
Dialing code 94
Website

Barakaldo (not to be confused with the Cuban and Guinean cities called Baracaldo), is a municipality in the Basque Country in Spain. It is located in the Biscay (Bizkaia) province, administratively included in the "Basque Autonomous Community", on the left bank of the Estuary of Bilbao. Barakaldo is part of Bilbao's metropolitan area (Greater Bilbao), and its official population at the 2011 census was 100,061 inhabitants living on a land area of 29.39 km² (11.35 sq mi). The area has an industrial river-port heritage and has undergone significant redevelopment with new commercial and residential areas replacing the once active industrial zones.

History


The 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica wrote of Barakaldo (spelling the name with the now-archaic "c"):[1]

"Pop.(1900): 15,013. Few Spanish towns have developed more rapidly than Baracaldo, which nearly doubled its population between 1880 and 1900. During this period many immigrant labourers settled here; for the iron works and dynamite factory of Baracaldo prospered greatly, owing to the increased output of the Biscayan mines, the extension of railways in the neighbourhood,and the growth of shipping at Bilbao. The low flat country round Baracaldo is covered with maize, pod fruit and vines".

Modern Barakaldo was later the endpoint of a mining railway, since iron mining was a major economic activity of the region during part of the 19th and 20th centuries. The Steel industry, led by Altos Hornos de Vizcaya, had a very important presence during the 20th century, until the industrial recession hit the region's economy hard in the 1980s.

Over recent decades, the industrial zones surrounding Barakaldo have declined in importance as several large companies have shut down, (e.g. Babcock & Wilcox. There are still some active factories, however areas, that were once largely industrial, are continuing to be redeveloped into residential properties, parks and shopping malls (e.g. Ikea and the MegaPark). A large exhibition centre (BEC, Bilbao Exhibition Centre) has recently been built on the outskirts of the town at Ansio.

Population

With all the industries, the population of Barakaldo went up and in 90s it had more than 100,300 people. When all the industries closed the population of Barakaldo went down and in 2002 it had only 95,000 people. Nowadays, Barakaldo have 100.369 people. (Population in 2012)

Transport

Barakaldo is linked to the rest of the metropolitan area by line 2 of the underground which has four stations in the city and by the train. BizkaiBus company provides a bus service, with connections to the rest of Biscay.

The main road that goes around Barakaldo is the Bilbao to Santander A-8 motorway, that links Barakaldo with the metropolitan area and the rest of Spain.

A regular boat ferry services connect Barakaldo to the other side of the Estuary of Bilbao (Erandio).

Barakaldo is located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Bilbao Airport, getting there takes around 15–20 minutes by car.

Tourism

Tourist can visit sites in Barakaldo like the Botanic Garden, the Bilbao Exhibition Centre, the medieval Bridge of Castrexana, street sculptures, etc.[2]

Fiesta


Every July the town celebrates "Las Fiestas del Carmen", with open air concerts, fun fairs and a good deal of late night partying.[3]

Sport

The city has a football club in Spain's Segunda B - Group 2, Barakaldo Club de Fútbol that play their home games at the 8,000 capacity Estadio Nuevo Lasesarre. Apart from Barakaldo C.F.; Sporting de Lutxana, Retuero Sport and US San Vicente have militated in national competitions.

Famous people from Barakaldo

See also

  • Barakaldo D.F., a Mägo de Oz concert DVD filmed in Barakaldo

Notes

References

  •  

External links

  • www.i-barakaldo.com La comunidad virtual de Barakaldo
  • Official website (in Basque / Spanish)
  • BARAKALDO in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (Spanish)

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