Bibb County, Georgia

Bibb County, Georgia
Bibb County courthouse in Macon


Location in the state of Georgia

Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 9, 1822
Named for William Wyatt Bibb
Seat Macon
Largest city Macon
 • Total 255 sq mi (660 km2)
 • Land 250 sq mi (647 km2)
 • Water 5.6 sq mi (15 km2), 2.2%
 • (2010) 155,547
 • Density 623/sq mi (241/km²)
Congressional districts 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Bibb County is a Payne City;[2] however, Payne City was officially dissolved by Governor Nathan Deal on March 27, 2015.[3]

Bibb County is part of the Macon, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Macon-Bibb, January 1, 2014.[4]


  • History 1
  • Government 2
  • Elections 3
  • Geography 4
    • Major highways 4.1
    • Adjacent counties 4.2
    • National protected areas 4.3
  • Demographics 5
  • Recreation 6
  • Communities 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


Native Americans/Indians (mostly Cherokee) had inhabited the area, which would become Bibb County, for centuries.

They were forcibly removed further West to the newly-laid out Indian Territory, in what was known as the Indian Removal in the 1830s under the administration of seventh President Andrew Jackson (also known as the "Trail of Tears". It was one of the counties included in what was called the "Black Belt", referring to the fertile dark soil of the uplands.

The area was initially developed by European Americans and African Americans for cotton plantations.

Bibb County was created by act of the Twiggs counties. The County Seat has never been changed since, and no other subsequent county in the state has ever been created ("erected") out of land from Bibb County.

The county was named for Dr. Alabama Territory, before being elected as the first Governor of the new State of Alabama.

During the Civil War, 10% of the white men in the county died in the service of the Confederate States Army.[5]

The first foreign Consulate in the country was established in Macon in 2006, with the Royal Danish Consulate of the Kingdom of Denmark. The first ever Honorary Consul to the Principality of Liechtenstein was also established in Macon in 2007.


Bibb County is currently governed by a mayor, elected county-wide, along with a nine-member county commission with members elected from single-member districts. This government has been shared with the city of Macon since the two governments were consolidated in January 2014.[6][7][8]

Like all other Georgia counties, Bibb has an elected sheriff responsible for maintaining the jail. Bibb's sheriff also manages the county's law enforcement duties, with his deputies acting as the city and county police force. The current (2013) Bibb sheriff is David Davis.

On July 31, 2012, voters in Macon (57.8 percent approval) and Bibb County (56.7 percent approval) passed a referendum to merge the governments of the city of Macon and most of unincorporated Bibb County, based on the authorization of House Bill 1171, passed by the

  • Official website
  • Bibb County Historical Marker
  • Bibb County Documents at the Digital Library of Georgia

External links

  1. ^ a b
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  4. ^ a b
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ City-County Consolidation Proposals, 1921 - Present, National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
  11. ^ The Effects on City-County Consolidation
  12. ^ Consolidation pass for Macon and Bibb county in the 2012 vote.CONSOLIDATION OF CITY AND COUNTY GOVERNMENTS: ATTEMPTS IN FIVE CITIES. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  13. ^
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  16. ^
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  20. ^


  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Bibb County, Georgia

See also

  • Macon
  • Lizella
  • Payne
  • Walden
  • Sofkee
  • Franklinton
  • Avondale


Lake Tobesofkee, about 10 miles (16 km) west of Macon, has three parks. Claystone, Sandy Beach, and Arrowhead Parks, each with a beach, and children's playgrounds. Sandy Beach has lighted tennis courts and a softball field.[20]

Lake Tobesofkee in the Wintertime


The median income for a household in the county was $34,532, and the median income for a family was $43,479. Males had a median income of $34,263 versus $25,540 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,058. About 15.50% of families and 19.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.20% of those under age 18 and 13.10% of those age 65 or over.

The population tables show a dramatic reduction in population growth from 1920 to 1940, less than half the amounts for censuses before and after these dates; during this period, tens of thousands of African Americans left the state for cities in the North and Midwest, as part of the Great Migration for better jobs, education and living conditions. Through such migration, they went from being mostly rural people to being more urbanized than the average in the United States, which has become a mostly suburban population in terms of where residences are located.

In the county the population was distributed with 26.60% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 85.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.20 males.

There were 59,667 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.30% were married couples living together, 20.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.06.

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 153,887 people, 59,667 households, and 39,797 families residing in the county. The population density was 616 people per square mile (238/km²). There were 67,194 housing units at an average density of 269 per square mile (104/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 50.13% White, 47.32% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. 1.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.


National protected areas

  • Jones County - northeast
  • Twiggs County - east
  • Houston County - south
  • Peach County - south-southwest
  • Crawford County - southwest
  • Monroe County - northwest

Adjacent counties

  • Interstate 16
  • Interstate 75
  • Interstate 475
  • U.S. Route 23
  • U.S. Route 41
  • U.S. Route 41 Business (Macon)
  • U.S. Route 80
  • U.S. Route 129
  • U.S. Route 129 Alternate (Macon)
  • State Route 11
  • State Route 19
  • State Route 22
  • State Route 49
  • State Route 74
  • State Route 87
  • State Route 87 Connector
  • State Route 247
  • State Route 401 (unsigned designation for I-75)
  • State Route 404 (unsigned designation for I-16)
  • State Route 408 (unsigned designation for I-475)
  • State Route 540 (Fall Line Freeway) (future)

Major highways

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 255 square miles (660 km2), of which 250 square miles (650 km2) is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) (2.2%) is water.[13] Bibb is in the Ocmulgee River basin.


Macon mayor Robert Reichert became the first mayor of the consolidated city on January 1, 2014. He received 49% of the vote in the general election on September 17 over the other five mayoral candidates; however, winning the election outright required the winner to capture a majority of the vote. He subsequently won 63% of the vote in a runoff election against former Macon mayor C. Jack Ellis.[4]


As the result of consolidation, a portion of Macon that extended into adjacent Jones County was deannexed from Macon.

[12][11][10] four previous consolidation attempts (in 1933, 1960, 1972, and 1976) had failed.[9]

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