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Boiling points of the elements (data page)

Contents

  • Boiling point 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
    • Zhang et al. 3.1
    • WebEl 3.2
    • CRC 3.3
    • Lange 3.4
  • See also 4

Boiling point

1 H hydrogen (H2)
use 20.271 K −252.879 °C −423.182 °F
WebEl 20.28 K −252.87 °C −423.17 °F
CRC −252.879 °C
Lange −252.88 °C
Zhang et al. 21.15 K -252 °C
2 He helium
use 4.222 K −268.928 °C −452.07 °F
WebEl 4.22 K −268.93 °C −452.07 °F
CRC −268.928 °C
Lange −268.935 °C
Zhang et al. 4.15 K -269 °C
3 Li lithium
use 1603 K 1330 °C 2426 °F
WebEl 1615 K 1342 °C 2448 °F
CRC 1342 °C
Lange 1330 °C
Zhang et al. 1603 K 1330 °C
4 Be beryllium
use 2742 K 2469 °C 4476 °F
WebEl 2742 K 2469 °C 4476 °F
CRC 3243 K
Lange 2467 °C
Zhang et al. 3243 K 2970 °C 5378 °F
5 B boron
use 4200 K 3927 °C 7101 °F
WebEl 4200 K 3927 °C 7101 °F
CRC 4000 °C
Lange 3864 °C
Zhang et al. 4203 K 3930 °C
6 C carbon (graphite)
use
WebEl ? (4300 K) ? (4027 °C) ? (7281 °F)
CRC subl. 3825 °C
Lange subl. (3915–4020) °C
Zhang et al. 5103 K 4830 °C
6 C carbon (diamond)
use 4300 K 4027 °C 7281 °F
WebEl ? (4300 K) ? (4027 °C) ? (7281 °F)
Lange 3930 °C
7 N nitrogen (N2)
use 77.355 K −195.795 °C −320.431 °F
WebEl 77.36 K −195.79 °C −320.42 °F
CRC −195.795 °C
Lange −195.79 °C
Zhang et al. 77.15 K -196 °C
8 O oxygen (O2)
use 90.188 K −182.962 °C −297.332 °F
WebEl 90.2 K −182.9 °C −297.2 °F
CRC −182.962 °C
Lange −182.96 °C
Zhang et al. 90.15 K -183 °C
9 F fluorine (F2)
use 85.04 K −188.11 °C −306.60 °F
WebEl 85.03 K −188.12 °C −306.62 °F
CRC −188.11 °C
Lange −188.13 °C
Zhang et al. 85.15 K -188 °C
10 Ne neon
use 27.104 K −246.046 °C −410.883 °F
WebEl 27.07 K −246.08 °C −410.94 °F
CRC −246.046 °C
Lange −246.05 °C
Zhang et al. 27.15 K -246 °C
11 Na sodium
use 1156.090 K 882.940 °C 1621.292 °F
WebEl 1156 K 883 °C 1621 °F
CRC 882.940 °C
Lange 881.4 °C
Zhang et al. 1163 K 890 °C
12 Mg magnesium
use 1363 K 1090 °C 1994 °F
WebEl 1363 K 1090 °C 1994 °F
CRC 1090 °C
Lange 1100 °C
Zhang et al. 1383 K 1110 °C
13 Al aluminium
use 2743 K 2470 °C 4478 °F
WebEl 2792 K 2519 °C 4566 °F
CRC 2519 °C
Lange 2518 °C
Zhang et al. 2743 K 2470 °C 4478 °F
14 Si silicon
use 3538 K 3265 °C 5909 °F
WebEl 3173 K 2900 °C 5252 °F
CRC 3265 °C
Lange 3265 °C
Zhang et al. 3533 K 3260 °C
15 P phosphorus (white)
use 550 K 277 °C 531 °F
WebEl 550 K 277 °C 531 °F
CRC 280.5 °C
Lange 280.3 °C
Zhang et al. 553.2 K 280 °C
15 P phosphorus (red)
use subl. 704 K subl. 431 °C subl. 808 °F
CRC subl. 431 °C
Lange subl. 416 °C
16 S sulfur (orthorhombic, alpha)
use 717.8 K 444.6 °C 832.3 °F
WebEl ? (717.87 K) ? (444.72 °C) ? (832.5 °F)
CRC 444.60 °C
Lange 444.6 °C
Zhang et al. 718.2 K 445 °C
16 S sulfur (monoclinic, beta)
use 717.8 K 444.6 °C 832.3 °F
WebEl ? (717.87 K) ? (444.72 °C) ? (832.5 °F)
CRC 444.60 °C
Lange 444.6 °C
16 S sulfur (gamma)
use 717.87 K 444.72 °C 832.5 °F
WebEl ? (717.87 K) ? (444.72 °C) ? (832.5 °F)
Lange 444.72 °C
17 Cl chlorine (Cl2)
use 239.11 K −34.04 °C −29.27 °F
WebEl 239.11 K −34.04 °C −29.27 °F
CRC −34.04 °C
Lange −34.04 °C
Zhang et al. 238.5 K -34.7 °C
18 Ar argon
use 87.302 K −185.848 °C −302.526 °F
WebEl 87.3 K −185.8 °C −302.4 °F
CRC −185.848 °C
Lange −185.87 °C
Zhang et al. 87.15 K −186 °C
19 K potassium
use 1032 K 759 °C 1398 °F
WebEl 1032 K 759 °C 1398 °F
CRC 759 °C
Lange 759 °C
Zhang et al. 1047 K 774 °C 1425 °F
20 Ca calcium
use 1757 K 1484 °C 2703 °F
WebEl 1757 K 1484 °C 2703 °F
CRC 1484 °C
Lange 1484 °C
Zhang et al. 1760 K 1487 °C
21 Sc scandium
use 3109 K 2836 °C 5136 °F
WebEl 3103 K 2830 °C 5126 °F
CRC 2836 °C
Lange 2836 °C
Zhang et al. 3003 K 2730 °C
22 Ti titanium (hexagonal)
use 3560 K 3287 °C 5949 °F
WebEl 3560 K 3287 °C 5949 °F
CRC 3287 °C
Lange 3287 °C
Zhang et al. 3533 K 3260 °C
23 V vanadium
use 3680 K 3407 °C 6165 °F
WebEl 3680 K 3407 °C 6165 °F
CRC 3407 °C
Lange 3421 °C
Zhang et al. 3680 K 3407 °C
24 Cr chromium
use 2755 K 2482 °C 4499 °F
Zhang et al. 2755 K 2482 °C 4499 °F
WebEl 2944 K 2671 °C 4840 °F
CRC 2671 °C
Lange 2679 °C
Zhang et al. 2755 K 2482 °C
25 Mn manganese
use 2334 K 2061 °C 3742 °F
WebEl 2334 K 2061 °C 3742 °F
CRC 2061 °C
Lange 2095 °C
Zhang et al. 2373 K 2100 °C
26 Fe iron
use 3134 K 2861 °C 5182 °F
WebEl 3134 K 2861 °C 5182 °F
CRC 2861 °C
Lange 2861 °C
Zhang et al. 3273 K 3000 °C
27 Co cobalt
use 3200 K 2927 °C 5301 °F
WebEl 3200 K 2927 °C 5301 °F
CRC 2927 °C
Lange 2927 °C
Zhang et al. 3173 K 2900 °C
28 Ni nickel
use 3003 K 2730 °C 4946 °F
WebEl 3186 K 2913 °C 5275 °F
CRC 2913 °C
Lange 2884 °C
Zhang et al. 3003 K 2730 °C 4946 °F
29 Cu copper
use 2835 K 2562 °C 4643 °F
WebEl 3200 K 2927 °C 5301 °F
CRC 2562 °C
Lange 2561.5 °C
Zhang et al. 2868 K 2595 °C
30 Zn zinc
use 1180 K 907 °C 1665 °F
WebEl 1180 K 907 °C 1665 °F
CRC 907 °C
Lange 907 °C
Zhang et al. 1180 K 907 °C
31 Ga gallium
use 2673 K 2400 °C 4352 °F
WebEl 2477 K 2204 °C 3999 °F
CRC 2204 °C
Lange 2203 °C
Zhang et al. 2673 K 2400 °C 4352 °F
32 Ge germanium
use 3106 K 2833 °C 5131 °F
WebEl 3093 K 2820 °C 5108 °F
CRC 2833 °C
Lange 2830 °C
Zhang et al. 3103 K 2830 °C
33 As arsenic (gray)
use 887 K subl. 614 °C 1137 °F
WebEl 887 K 614 °C 1137 °F
CRC subl. 603 °C
Lange subl. 615 °C
Zhang et al. 886.2 K 613 °C
34 Se selenium (hexagonal, gray)
use 958 K 685 °C 1265 °F
WebEl 958 K 685 °C 1265 °F
CRC 685 °C
Lange 685 °C
Zhang et al. 958.2 K 685 °C
35 Br bromine (Br2)
use 332.0 K 58.8 °C 137.8 °F
WebEl 332 K 59 °C 138 °F
CRC 58.8 °C
Lange 58.8 °C
Zhang et al. 331.7 K 58.5 °C
36 Kr krypton
use 119.735 K −153.415 °C −244.147 °F
WebEl 119.93 K −153.22 °C −243.8 °F
CRC −153.415 °C
Lange −153.22 °C
Zhang et al. 121.2 K -152 °C
37 Rb rubidium
use 961 K 688 °C 1270 °F
WebEl 961 K 688 °C 1270 °F
CRC 688 °C
Lange 691 °C
Zhang et al. 961.2 K 688 °C
38 Sr strontium
use 1650 K 1382 °C 2511 °F
WebEl 1655 K 1382 °C 2520 °F
CRC 1377 °C
Lange 1366 °C
Zhang et al. 1653 K 1380 °C
39 Y yttrium
use 3203 K 2930 °C 5306 °F
WebEl 3609 K 3336 °C 6037 °F
CRC 3345 °C
Lange 3345 °C
Zhang et al. 3203 K 2930 °C 5306 °F
40 Zr zirconium
use 4650 K 4377 °C 7911 °F
WebEl 4682 K 4409 °C 7968 °F
CRC 4409 °C
Lange 3577 °C
Zhang et al. 4650 K 4377 °C 7911 °F
41 Nb niobium
use 5017 K 4744 °C 8571 °F
WebEl 5017 K 4744 °C 8571 °F
CRC 4744 °C
Lange 4860 °C
Zhang et al. 5017 K 4744 °C
42 Mo molybdenum
use 4912 K 4639 °C 8382 °F
WebEl 4912 K 4639 °C 8382 °F
CRC 4639 °C
Lange 4825 °C
Zhang et al. 4885 K 4612 °C
43 Tc technetium (Tc-98 ?)
use 4538 K 4265 °C 7709 °F
WebEl 4538 K 4265 °C 7709 °F
CRC 4265 °C
Lange (Tc-98) 4265 °C
est. 5200 K ; Schwochau, Klaus, Technetium,
Wiley-VCH (2000), ISBN 3-527-29496-1
44 Ru ruthenium
use 4423 K 4150 °C 7502 °F
WebEl 4423 K 4150 °C 7502 °F
CRC 4150 °C
Lange 4150 °C
Zhang et al. 4423 K 4150 °C
45 Rh rhodium
use 3968 K 3695 °C 6683 °F
WebEl 3968 K 3695 °C 6683 °F
CRC 3695 °C
Lange 3727 °C
Zhang et al. 4000 K 3727 °C
46 Pd palladium
use 3236 K 2963 °C 5365 °F
WebEl 3236 K 2963 °C 5365 °F
CRC 2963 °C
Lange 3167 °C
Zhang et al. 3233 K 2960 °C
47 Ag silver
use 2483 K 2210 °C 4010 °F
WebEl 2435 K 2162 °C 3924 °F
CRC 2162 °C
Lange 2164 °C
Zhang et al. 2483 K 2210 °C 4010 °F
48 Cd cadmium
use 1040 K 767 °C 1413 °F
WebEl 1040 K 767 °C 1413 °F
CRC 767 °C
Lange 765 °C
Zhang et al. 1038 K 765 °C
49 In indium
use 2345 K 2072 °C 3762 °F
WebEl 2345 K 2072 °C 3762 °F
CRC 2072 °C
Lange 2072 °C
Zhang et al. 2273 K 2000 °C
50 Sn tin (white)
use 2875 K 2602 °C 4716 °F
WebEl 2875 K 2602 °C 4716 °F
CRC 2602 °C
Lange 2602 °C
Zhang et al. 2893 K 2620 °C
51 Sb antimony
use 1908 K 1635 °C 2975 °F
WebEl 1860 K 1587 °C 2889 °F
CRC 1587 °C
Lange 1587 °C
Zhang et al. 1908 K 1635 °C
52 Te tellurium
use 1261 K 988 °C 1810 °F
WebEl 1261 K 988 °C 1810 °F
CRC 988 °C
Lange 989.9 °C
Zhang et al. 1263 K 990 °C
53 I iodine (I2)
use 457.4 K 184.3 °C 363.7 °F
WebEl 457.4 K 184.3 °C 363.7 °F
CRC 184.4 °C
Lange 185.24 °C
Zhang et al. 457.2 K 184 °C
54 Xe xenon
use 165.051 K −108.099 °C −162.578 °F
WebEl 165.1 K −108 °C −162 °F
CRC −108.099 °C
Lange −108.04 °C
Zhang et al. 165.2 K -108 °C
55 Cs caesium
use 944 K 671 °C 1240 °F
WebEl 944 K 671 °C 1240 °F
CRC 671 °C
Lange 668.2 °C
Zhang et al. 963.2 K 690 °C
56 Ba barium
use 1910 K 1637 °C 2978 °F
WebEl 2143 K 1870 °C 3398 °F
CRC 1845 °C
Lange 1845 °C
Zhang et al. 1910 K 1637 °C
57 La lanthanum
use 3737 K 3464 °C 6267 °F
WebEl 3743 K 3470 °C 6278 °F
CRC 3464 °C
Lange 3464 °C
Zhang et al. 3743 K 3470 °C
58 Ce cerium
use 3716 K 3443 °C 6229 °F
WebEl 3633 K 3360 °C 6080 °F
CRC 3443 °C
Lange 3440 °C
Zhang et al. 3743 K 3470 °C
59 Pr praseodymium
use 3403 K 3130 °C 5666 °F
WebEl 3563 K 3290 °C 5954 °F
CRC 3520 °C
Lange 3520 °C
Zhang et al. 3403 K 3130 °C
60 Nd neodymium
use 3347 K 3074 °C 5565 °F
WebEl 3373 K 3100 °C 5612 °F
CRC 3074 °C
Lange 3074 °C
Zhang et al. 3303 K 3030 °C
61 Pm promethium (Pm-147 ?)
use 3273 K 3000 °C 5432 °F
WebEl 3273 K 3000 °C 5432 °F
CRC 3000 °C
Lange (Pm-147) estimated 3000 °C
62 Sm samarium
use 2173 K 1900 °C 3452 °F
WebEl 2076 K 1803 °C 3277 °F
CRC 1794 °C
Lange 1794 °C
Zhang et al. 2173 K 1900 °C 3452 °F
63 Eu europium
use 1802 K 1529 °C 2784 °F
WebEl 1800 K 1527 °C 2781 °F
CRC 1529 °C
Lange 1527 °C
Zhang et al. 1713 K 1440 °C
64 Gd gadolinium
use 3273 K 3000 °C 5432 °F
WebEl 3523 K 3250 °C 5882 °F
CRC 3273 °C
Lange 3273 °C
Zhang et al. 3273 K 3000 °C 5432 °F
65 Tb terbium
use 3396 K 3123 °C 5653 °F
WebEl 3503 K 3230 °C 5846 °F
CRC 3230 °C
Lange 3230 °C
Zhang et al. 3396 K 3123 °C 5653 °F
66 Dy dysprosium
use 2840 K 2567 °C 4653 °F
WebEl 2840 K 2567 °C 4653 °F
CRC 2567 °C
Lange 2567 °C
Zhang et al. 2873 K 2600 °C
67 Ho holmium
use 2873 K 2600 °C 4712 °F
WebEl 2993 K 2720 °C 4928 °F
CRC 2700 °C
Lange 2720 °C
Zhang et al. 2873 K 2600 °C 4712 °F
68 Er erbium
use 3141 K 2868 °C 5194 °F
WebEl 3141 K 2868 °C 5194 °F
CRC 2868 °C
Lange 2868 °C
Zhang et al. 3173 K 2900 °C
69 Tm thulium
use 2223 K 1950 °C 3542 °F
WebEl 2223 K 1950 °C 3542 °F
CRC 1950 °C
Lange 1950 °C
Zhang et al. 2223 K 1950 °C 3542 °F
70 Yb ytterbium
use 1703 K 1430 °C 2606 °F
WebEl 1469 K 1196 °C 2185 °F
CRC 1196 °C
Lange 1196 °C
Zhang et al. 1703K 1430 °C 2606 °F
71 Lu lutetium
use 3675 K 3402 °C 6156 °F
WebEl 3675 K 3402 °C 6156 °F
CRC 3402 °C
Lange 3402 °C
Zhang et al. 3603 K 3330 °C
72 Hf hafnium
use 4876 K 4603 °C 8317 °F
WebEl 4876 K 4603 °C 8317 °F
CRC 4603 °C
Lange 4450 °C
Zhang et al. 4876 K 4603 °C
73 Ta tantalum
use 5731 K 5458 °C 9856 °F
WebEl 5731 K 5458 °C 9856 °F
CRC 5458 °C
Lange 5429 °C
Zhang et al. 5693 K 5420 °C
74 W tungsten
use 6203 K 5930 °C 10706 °F
WebEl 5828 K 5555 °C 10031 °F
CRC 5555 °C
Lange 5900 °C
Zhang et al. 6203 K 5930 °C 10706 °F
75 Re rhenium
use 5869 K 5596 °C 10105 °F
WebEl 5869 K 5596 °C 10105 °F
CRC 5596 °C
Lange 5678 °C
Zhang et al. 5903 K 5630 °C
76 Os osmium
use 5285 K 5012 °C 9054 °F
WebEl 5285 K 5012 °C 9054 °F
CRC 5012 °C
Lange 5225 °C
Zhang et al. 5273 K 5000 °C
77 Ir iridium
use 4403 K 4130 °C 7466 °F
WebEl 4701 K 4428 °C 8002 °F
CRC 4428 °C
Lange circa 2550 °C
Zhang et al. 4403 K 4130 °C 7466 °F
78 Pt platinum
use 4098 K 3825 °C 6917 °F
WebEl 4098 K 3825 °C 6917 °F
CRC 3825 °C
Lange 3824 °C
Zhang et al. 4100 K 3827 °C
79 Au gold
use 3243 K 2970 °C 5378 °F
WebEl 3129 K 2856 °C 5173 °F
CRC 2856 °C
Lange 2856 °C
Zhang et al. 3243 K 2970 °C 5378 °F
80 Hg mercury
use 629.88 K 356.73 °C 674.11 °F
WebEl 629.88 K 356.73 °C 674.11 °F
CRC 356.73 °C
Lange 356.7 °C
Zhang et al. 630.2 K 357 °C
81 Tl thallium
use 1746 K 1473 °C 2683 °F
WebEl 1746 K 1473 °C 2683 °F
CRC 1473 °C
Lange 1457 °C
Zhang et al. 1733 K 1460 °C
82 Pb lead
use 2022 K 1749 °C 3180 °F
WebEl 2022 K 1749 °C 3180 °F
CRC 1749 °C
Lange 1749 °C
Zhang et al. 2017 K 1744 °C
83 Bi bismuth
use 1837 K 1564 °C 2847 °F
WebEl 1837 K 1564 °C 2847 °F
CRC 1564 °C
Lange 1564 °C
Zhang et al. 1833 K 1560 °C
84 Po polonium (alpha)
use 1235 K 962 °C 1764 °F
WebEl 1235 K 962 °C 1764 °F
CRC 962 °C
Lange 962 °C
85 At astatine
use ? 610 K ? 337 °C ?
86 Rn radon
use 211.5 K −61.7 °C −79.1 °F
WebEl 211.3 K −61.7 °C −79.1 °F
CRC −61.7 °C
Lange −62 °C
87 Fr francium
use ? 950 K ? 677 °C ?
88 Ra radium
use 2010 K 1737 °C 3159 °F
WebEl 2010 K 1737 °C 3159 °F
Lange 1737 °C
89 Ac actinium (Ac-227 ?)
use 3471 K 3198 °C 5788 °F
WebEl 3573 K 3300 °C 5972 °F
CRC 3198 °C
Lange (Ac-227) circa 3200 °C
90 Th thorium
use 5061 K 4788 °C 8650 °F
WebEl 5093 K 4820 °C 8708 °F
CRC 4788 °C
Lange 4788 °C
91 Pa protactinium
use ? 4300 K ? 4027 °C ?
92 U uranium
use 4404 K 4131 °C 7468 °F
WebEl 4200 K 3927 °C 7101 °F
CRC 4131 °C
Lange 4131 °C
93 Np neptunium
use 4273 K 4000 °C 7232 °F
WebEl 4273 K 4000 °C 7232 °F
Lange above 3900 °C
94 Pu plutonium
use 3501 K 3228 °C 5842 °F
WebEl 3503 K 3230 °C 5846 °F
CRC 3228 °C
Lange 3230 °C
95 Am americium
use 2880 K 2607 °C 4725 °F
WebEl 2880 K 2607 °C 4725 °F
CRC 2011 °C
Lange 2011 °C
96 Cm curium (Cm-244 ?)
use 3383 K 3110 °C 5630 °F
WebEl 3383 K 3110 °C 5630 °F
CRC circa 3100 °C
Lange (Cm-244) circa 3110 °C

Notes

References

Zhang et al.

WebEl

As quoted at http://www.webelements.com/ from these sources:

CRC

Lange

As quoted from:


See also

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