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Bureau of Ordnance

The Bureau of Ordnance (BuOrd) was the weapons, between the years 1862 and 1959.


  • History 1
  • Chiefs of the Bureau of Ordnance 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Congress established the Bureau in the Department of the Navy by an act of July 5, 1862 (12 Stat. 510), which transferred the hydrographic functions of the Navy's Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography (1842–1862) to the newly established Bureau of Navigation.

During the early 20th century, BuOrd became involved in the development of aerial weapons. This often led to friction with the

  • National Archives - Records of the Bureau of Ordnance
  • Naval Surface Warfare Centers Page
  • Works by Bureau of Ordnance at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about Bureau of Ordnance at Internet Archive

External links

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Archives and Records Administration.

  1. ^ a b Title page of BuWeps records at the National Archives


See also

Chiefs of the Bureau of Ordnance

BuOrd was disestablished by Congress by an act of August 18, 1959 (73 Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR).[1] Other systems commands at the time included the Naval Ship Systems Command (NAVSHIPS) and the Naval Electronics Systems Command (NAVELEX). Ship and submarine ordnance functions fell under the new Naval Ordnance Systems Command while air ordnance stayed with the Naval Air Systems Command. In July 1974, the Naval Ordnance Systems Command and Naval Ship Systems Command merged to form the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA). Traditional Naval Ordnance functions are now conducted at the Naval Surface Warfare Centers which fall under the command of Naval Sea Systems Command.

It was heavily criticized during the Second World War for its failure to quickly remedy the numerous issues with the Mark 14 torpedo which had an over 70% dud rate.


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