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Charles Pasqua

Charles Pasqua
Minister of the Interior
In office
29 March 1993 – 11 May 1995
Preceded by Paul Quilès
Succeeded by Jean-Louis Debré
In office
20 March 1986 – 10 May 1988
Preceded by Pierre Joxe
Succeeded by Pierre Joxe
Personal details
Born (1927-04-18)18 April 1927
Grasse, France
Died 29 June 2015(2015-06-29) (aged 88)
Suresnes, France
Political party Rally for France
(1999-2002)
Other political
affiliations
Rally of the French People
(1947-1955)
Union for the New Republic
(1958-1968)
Union of Democrats for the Republic
(1968-1976)
Rally for the Republic
(1976-1999)
Spouse(s) Jeanne Joly (1947-2015)
Children Pierre-Philippe Pasqua (1948-2015)
Religion Roman Catholic

Charles Pasqua (18 April 1927 – 29 June 2015) was a French businessman and Gaullist politician. He was Interior Minister from 1986 to 1988, under Jacques Chirac's cohabitation government, and also from 1993 to 1995, under the government of Edouard Balladur.

Contents

  • Early life and family background 1
  • Business career 2
  • Politics 3
  • Personal life and death 4
  • References 5

Early life and family background

Pasqua was born on 18 April 1927 in Grasse, Alpes-Maritimes.[1][2] His paternal grandfather was a shepherd from Casevecchie, Corsica [3][4] and he could speak Corsican fluently.[5] As of 1987, his cousin served as the Mayor of Casevecchie.[6]

During World War II, Pasqua joined the French Resistance at the age of sixteen.[3][7]

Pasqua received his Baccalauréat, followed by a degree in Law.[5]

Business career

From 1952 to 1971 he worked for Ricard, a producer of alcoholic beverages (most notably pastis), starting as a salesman.[5][8]

In 1971, Pasqua founded Euralim, also known as Europe-Alimentation, an importer of Americano, a cocktail made by the Italian company Gancia.[9]

Politics

In 1947, he helped create the section of the Gaullist Party Gaullist counter-demonstration.[5][10]

From 1968 to 1973, he was 1981 presidential election, won by the candidate of the Socialist Party (PS), François Mitterrand (1981–1995). As such, he is considered to be Chirac's mentor in politics.[5]

From 1981 to 1986 he was senator for the Hauts-de-Seine, then president of the RPR group in the Senate.[1] From 1986 to 1988 he was Interior Minister (in charge of law enforcement).[7] In 1992, he called a vote against the ratification of the Maastricht Treaty.[7] He became Interior Minister again from 1993 to 1995,[7] and supported the candidacy of Edouard Balladur at the 1995 presidential election. He is mostly remembered for having pushed a series of anti-immigration laws (lois Pasqua), and for his declaration "we will terrorize the terrorists."[5][10]

Pasqua headed the Rally for France (RPF), a sovereigntist (Eurosceptic) party, for a while in association with Philippe de Villiers.[5] At the 1999 European Parliament election, their list got ahead of the RPR list. He served as the President of the General Council of the Hauts-de-Seine from 1988 to 2004.[8] In 2004, he was elected senator by an electoral college.

In 2009, a US Senate report accused him, along with the British

Political offices
Preceded by
Pierre Joxe
Minister of the Interior
1986–1988
Succeeded by
Pierre Joxe
Preceded by
Paul Quilès
Minister of the Interior
1993–1995
Succeeded by
Jean-Louis Debré
  1. ^ a b French Senate: Charles Pasqua
  2. ^ L'ancien ministre Charles Pasqua est mort à l'âge de 88 ans, Libération, June 29, 2015
  3. ^ a b c Mort de Charles Pasqua, gaulliste et ancien premier flic de France, Corse Matin, June 30, 2015
  4. ^ Le vieux lion est mort, Corse Matin, June 30, 2015
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Raphaëlle Bacqué, Mort de Charles Pasqua, un homme qui faisait « peur et rire tout à la fois », Le Monde, June 29, 2015
  6. ^ Pasqua en Corse, Institut national de l'audiovisuel, June 14, 1987
  7. ^ a b c d e Reuters, French politician Charles Pasqua dies of a heart attack, The Daily Mail, June 29, 2015
  8. ^ a b The Power Broker in France's Election / Interior Minister Pasqua embodies nation's social divide, The San Francisco Chronicle, 21 April 1995
  9. ^ Quand les RG scrutaient Pasqua chez Ricard, Le Nouvel Observateur, January 23, 2002
  10. ^ a b Gilles Bresson, Un souverainiste déchu par sa droite, Libération, January 11, 2001
  11. ^ US Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs: "Report on oil allocations granted to Charles Pasqua & George Galloway", BBC, 12 May 2005
  12. ^ lefigaro.fr. "Angolagate : condamné à un an ferme, Pasqua riposte". Le Figaro. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  13. ^ Said Mahrane, Charles Pasqua est décédé des suites d'un accident cardiaque, Le Point, June 29, 2015

References

He died of a heart attack on 29 June 2015 at the Foch Hospital in Suresnes, near Paris.[7][13]

He was married to Jeanne Joly, from Quebec, Canada.[5] They had a son, Pierre-Philippe Pasqua, who predeceased him, dying in February 2015.[3][5]

Personal life and death

[12] Pasqua denied the charges and pointed out that he never met Saddam Hussein, never been to Iraq and never cultivated any political ties with that country. In a lengthy written rebuttal to the Senate report, Charles Pasqua pointed out further that since the oil vouchers were lifted by a legal entity incorporated in a European country, it should be relatively easy for investigators to uncover the masterminds behind the fraud instead of making accusations based on "sensational" press articles.[11]

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