World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Chenango River

Chenango River [1]
Mouth of the Chenango at the Susquehanna River in Binghamton, New York, showing WWI Memorial Bridge across the Chenango.
Country USA
State New York
Tributaries
 - left Chenango Canal, Sangerfield River
 - right Callahan Brook, Electric Light Stream, Eaton Brook, Tioughnioga River
Source Campbell Lakes, Morrisville Swamp
 - location Morrisville, Madison County, New York, USA
 - elevation 1,290 ft (393 m)
 - coordinates
Mouth Susquehanna River
 - location Binghamton, Broome County, New York, New York, USA
 - elevation 820 ft (250 m)
 - coordinates
Length 90 mi (145 km)
Basin 1,582 sq mi (4,097 km2) [2]
Discharge for Chenango Forks, New York
 - average 2,150 cu ft/s (61 m3/s) [3]
 - max 8,770 cu ft/s (248 m3/s) [3]
 - min 125 cu ft/s (4 m3/s) [3]

The Chenango River is a 90-mile-long (140 km)[4] tributary of the Susquehanna River in central New York in the United States. It drains a dissected plateau area in upstate New York at the northern end of the Susquehanna watershed.

Named after the Oneida word for bull thistle,[5] in the 19th century the Chenango furnished a critical link in the canal system of the northeastern United States. The Chenango Canal, built from 1836–1837 between Utica and Binghamton, connected the Erie Canal in the north to the Susquehanna River. The canal was rendered obsolete by railroads and was abandoned in 1878.

Flooding is often a concern during the spring and fall.

Course

The Chenango River begins near Morrisville in Madison County, in central New York, in the Morrisville Swamp in the Town of Smithfield, about 25 miles southwest of Utica. The river flows from the Campbell Lakes in the swamp, from waters flowing in from the Smithfield Hills to the north and west and a series of cliffs called "The Ledges" to the north and east. It flows south-southeast through the swamp. From Morrisville, it flows south past Eaton and is paralleled by the remnants of the old Chenango Canal from Randallsville, just south of Hamilton, to just north of Earlville where the old canal joined the river. Continuing south the Chenango is joined by the Sangerfield River, also known as the East Branch of the Chenango,[6] just south of Earlville. Then it flows south past Sherburne to Norwich, where it turns southwest. At Oxford it turns south, and at Warn Lake it again turns southwest. It flows past Brisben and Greene to Chenango Forks, where, about nine miles north of Binghamton, it receives from the right its major tributary, the Tioughnioga River.[7] It ends where it joins the Susquehanna from the north in downtown Binghamton in Broome County. Its overall length is about 90 miles.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Chenango River
  2. ^ Van Alstyne, Henry A. (January 1, 1905). Annual Report of the State Engineer and Surveyor of the State of New York. Albany, New York: Albany Brandow Printing Company. p. 634. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "USGS 01512500 CHENANGO RIVER NEAR CHENANGO FORKS NY". http://waterdata.usgs.gov/. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed August 8, 2011
  5. ^ Runkle, Stephen A. Native American Waterbody and Place Names within the Susquehanna River Basin and Surrounding Subbasins Publication 229. Susquehanna River Basin Commission, September 2003.
  6. ^ 1902 U.S.G.S. topographic map Morrisville 15' Quadrangle
  7. ^ "Outdoor Activities: Fishing: Places to Fish: Central NY Fishing: Chenango River". New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 2012. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.