World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Chief Oshkosh

Article Id: WHEBN0014312281
Reproduction Date:

Title: Chief Oshkosh  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Nekoosa, Wisconsin, Oshkosh, Wisconsin, Oshkosh, Menominee, Gambrinus Brewing Co., Kechewaishke
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Chief Oshkosh

Chief
Oshkosh
Menominee Chief Oshkosh
Born 1795
near Nekoosa, Wisconsin
Died August 29, 1858(1858-08-29)
Keshena, Wisconsin
Nationality Native American
Ethnicity Menominee Indian Tribe
Predecessor Chief Tomah
Successor Chief Akwine'me

Chief Oshkosh (also spelled Os-kosh or Oskosh) (1795–August 29, 1858) was the chief of the Menominee Indian tribe from 1827 until his death. He played a key role in treaty negotiations as the Menominee tribe tried to protect their lands in Wisconsin from the resettling New York Indians and the American pioneers. Oshkosh, Wisconsin is named after him.

Early life

Chief Oshkosh ("Claw")[1] (cf. Ojibwe oshkanzh, "the claw").[2] was born in 1795 near Nekoosa (Point Bas) on the Wisconsin River.[3] Near the age of 15, he was placed under the guidance of Tomah, by his grandfather, the Head Chief. After Tomah and his grandfather died, Oshkosh became the Head Chief in 1827.[1] As a young man he fought on the side of the British during the War of 1812. However, he sided with the Americans during the Black Hawk War of 1832.[3]

Treaties

In the 1836 Treaty of the Cedars, Oshkosh and the Menominee sold 4.2 million acres (17,000 km2) (including all of their lands in Upper Peninsula of Michigan) for $620,000. Later, in the 1848 Treaty of Lake Poygan, Oshkosh and the Menominee sold their remaining lands in Wisconsin to the United States. In exchange, the government offered them about 600,000 acres (2,400 km2) along the Crow Wing River in Minnesota.[4]

Oshkosh was supposed to lead his tribe to Crow Wing River, but he and other tribal leaders claimed that they had signed the 1848 treaty under pressure. In 1852, the Menominee were allowed to stay on a temporary reservation on the Wolf River in northeastern Wisconsin. Later, the 1854 Wolf River Treaty made this 250,000-acre (1,000 km2) reservation permanent.[5]

Later life

Oshkosh was known to be an alcoholic in his later life. Shortly before his death, he weighed over 400 pounds. Oshkosh died in Keshena, Wisconsin, in a drunken brawl on August 29, 1858.[6]

In 1926 his remains were moved to Menominee Park in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. His final resting place is at the foot of a monument dedicated to him, covered with an inscribed granite slab.[7]

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.