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Title: Chloromorphide  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Opioid
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Chloromorphide (α-chloromorphide) is an opiate analog that is a derivative of morphine, where the 6-hydroxy group has been replaced by chlorine. Developed in 1933 in Germany, it has approximately ten times the potency of morphine.[1] It has similar effects to morphine such as sedation, analgesia and respiratory depression.

Chloromorphide is one of a series of opioids known as morphides and codides which are important precursors and intermediates in the synthesis of semi-synthetic opioid analgesic drugs, especially those with additions, substitutions, or other modifications at the 7, 8, and/or 14 position on the morphine carbon skeleton. Semisynthetics with changes at other positions can also be made from these compounds. The codeine analog of chloromorphide is α-chlorocodide (alphachlorcodide), an intermediate in one method of desomorphine synthesis which uses codeine as precursor.

During the 1930s, the entire series of alpha- and beta-halogenated codides, morphides, dihydromorphides, and dihydrocodides were produced and described, and α-bromomorphide and α-iodomorphide are sometimes currently used in research and manufacturing.


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