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Christian Albrecht of Holstein-Gottorp

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Subject: Catherine the Great, Peter III of Russia, Paul I of Russia, Frederick IV, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark, Peace of Lund
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Christian Albrecht of Holstein-Gottorp

Template:Infobox nobility Christian Albert (3 February 1641, Gottorp – 6 January 1695, Gottorp) was a duke of Holstein-Gottorp and bishop of Lübeck.

He was a son of Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, and his wife Princess Marie Elisabeth of Saxony. Christian Albert became duke when his father died in the Castle Tönning, besieged by the King Christian V of Denmark. Christian Albert was forced to flee and the remainder of his life was characterized by his fight with Denmark. Even the marriage with the daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark, arranged in the hope for peace, changed nothing. During Christian Albert's reign, the connection with Sweden, having been initiated by his father, was strengthened, which provided some protection. However, this also led to the duchy being pulled into all of Sweden's conflicts, including the Great Northern War and several wars with Denmark.

From 1675 to 1689, Christian Albert lived in exile in Hamburg. However, with the aid of the Holy Roman Emperor and the European allies, he managed to force the Danish king to sign the so-called Altonaer Vergleich, which allowed to him regain his former position.

On 5 October 1665, he founded the University of Kiel. The painter Jürgen Ovens worked more than 30 years for him and his father Frederick III of Holstein-Gottorp. In 1678 the duke took part in the founding of the Hamburg Oper am Gänsemarkt.

Family and children

Christian Albert married, on 24 October 1667, Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark, daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg. They had the following children:

  1. Sophie Amalie (19 January 1670 – 27 February 1710), married on 7 July 1695 to Prince Augustus William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
  2. Duke Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp (18 October 1671 – 19 July 1702).
  3. Duke Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp (11 January 1673 – 24 April 1726).
  4. Marie Elisabeth (21 March 1678 – 17 July 1755), Abbess of Quedlinburg.

See also

Ancestors

Christian Albert's ancestors in three generations
Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp Father:
Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Paternal Grandfather:
John Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Christine of Hesse
Paternal Grandmother:
Augusta of Denmark
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick II of Denmark
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Sofie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Mother:
Marie Elisabeth of Saxony
Maternal Grandfather:
John George I, Elector of Saxony
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Christian I, Elector of Saxony
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Sophie of Brandenburg
Maternal Grandmother:
Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Marie Eleonore of Cleves
Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 3 February 1641 Died: 6 January 1695
Regnal titles
Religious titles
Preceded by
John X
Prince-Bishop of Lübeck
(Lutheran Administrator)

1655–1666
Succeeded by
Augustus Frederick
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Frederick III
— TITULAR —
Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
1659–1695
Succeeded by
Frederick IV
Preceded by
Frederick III (Denmark-Norway) and
Frederick III (Gottorp)
Duke of Holstein and Schleswig
1659–1695
with Frederick III (1659–1670)
Christian V (1670–1695)
Succeeded by
Christian V and
Frederick IV

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