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Christian Hendrik Persoon

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Christian Hendrik Persoon

"Pers." redirects here. For Persian, see Persian language.
Christiaan Hendrik Persoon
Born 1761 (1761)
Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Died 1836 (1837)
Residence Netherlands, Göttingen, Paris
Fields Mycology, Taxonomy
Known for establishing starting points for fungal taxonomy
Author abbreviation (botany) Pers.

Christiaan Hendrik Persoon (1 February 1761 – 16 November 1836) was a mycologist who made additions to Linnaeus' mushroom taxonomy.

Early life

Persoon was born in South Africa at the Cape of Good Hope, the third child of an immigrant Pomeranian father and Dutch mother.[1] His mother died soon after he was born; at the age of thirteen his father (who died a year later) sent him to Europe for his education.


Initially studying theology at Halle, at age 22 (in 1784) Persoon switched to medicine at Leiden and Göttingen. He received a doctorate from the "Kaiserlich-Leopoldinisch-Carolinische Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher" in 1799.[2]

Later years

He moved to Paris in 1802, where he spent the rest of his life, renting an upper floor of a house in a poor part of town. He was apparently unemployed, unmarried, poverty-stricken and a recluse, although he corresponded with botanists throughout Europe. Because of his financial difficulties, Persoon agreed to donate his herbarium to the House of Orange, in return for an adequate pension for life.[3]

Academic career

The origin of Persoon's botanical interest is unknown. The earliest of his works was Abbildungen der Schwämme (Illustrations of the fungi), published in three parts, in 1790, 1791, and 1793. Between 1805 and 1807, he published two volumes of his Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

The genus Persoonia, a variety of small Australian trees and shrubs, was named after him.


  • Duane Isely, One hundred and one botanists (Iowa State University Press, 1994), pp. 124–126.

External links

  • Christian Hendrik Persoon
  • Persoonia
  • Hunt Institute-botanical archives

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