World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Christian Hendrik Persoon

Article Id: WHEBN0021681135
Reproduction Date:

Title: Christian Hendrik Persoon  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: February 1, Mycology, 1836, 1761, Elias Magnus Fries, List of biologists, List of botanists, Santalaceae, Amanita phalloides, Morchella
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Christian Hendrik Persoon

"Pers." redirects here. For Persian, see Persian language.
Christiaan Hendrik Persoon
Born 1761 (1761)
Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Died 1836 (1837)
Paris
Residence Netherlands, Göttingen, Paris
Fields Mycology, Taxonomy
Known for establishing starting points for fungal taxonomy
Author abbreviation (botany) Pers.

Christiaan Hendrik Persoon (1 February 1761 – 16 November 1836) was a mycologist who made additions to Linnaeus' mushroom taxonomy.

Early life

Persoon was born in South Africa at the Cape of Good Hope, the third child of an immigrant Pomeranian father and Dutch mother.[1] His mother died soon after he was born; at the age of thirteen his father (who died a year later) sent him to Europe for his education.

Education

Initially studying theology at Halle, at age 22 (in 1784) Persoon switched to medicine at Leiden and Göttingen. He received a doctorate from the "Kaiserlich-Leopoldinisch-Carolinische Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher" in 1799.[2]

Later years

He moved to Paris in 1802, where he spent the rest of his life, renting an upper floor of a house in a poor part of town. He was apparently unemployed, unmarried, poverty-stricken and a recluse, although he corresponded with botanists throughout Europe. Because of his financial difficulties, Persoon agreed to donate his herbarium to the House of Orange, in return for an adequate pension for life.[3]

Academic career

The origin of Persoon's botanical interest is unknown. The earliest of his works was Abbildungen der Schwämme (Illustrations of the fungi), published in three parts, in 1790, 1791, and 1793. Between 1805 and 1807, he published two volumes of his Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

The genus Persoonia, a variety of small Australian trees and shrubs, was named after him.

References

  • Duane Isely, One hundred and one botanists (Iowa State University Press, 1994), pp. 124–126.

External links

  • Christian Hendrik Persoon
  • Persoonia
  • Hunt Institute-botanical archives

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.