World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Clarence J. Brown

Article Id: WHEBN0000881912
Reproduction Date:

Title: Clarence J. Brown  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ohio's 7th congressional district, Earl D. Bloom, List of Governors of Ohio, United States congressional delegations from Ohio, Arthur W. Aleshire
Collection: 1893 Births, 1965 Deaths, 20Th-Century American Newspaper Publishers (People), American Newspaper Chain Founders, American Newspaper Publishers (People), Lieutenant Governors of Ohio, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Ohio, Ohio Republicans, Old Right (United States), People from Clinton County, Ohio, Republican Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, Secretaries of State of Ohio, Washington and Lee University School of Law Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Clarence J. Brown

Clarence J. Brown
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 7th district
In office
January 3, 1939 – August 23, 1965
Preceded by Arthur W. Aleshire
Succeeded by Clarence J. "Bud" Brown Jr.
36th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
In office
January 13, 1919 – January 8, 1923
Governor James M. Cox
Harry L. Davis
Preceded by Earl D. Bloom
Succeeded by Earl D. Bloom
36th Ohio Secretary of State
In office
January 10, 1927 – January 9, 1933
Preceded by Thad H. Brown
Succeeded by George S. Myers
Personal details
Born (1893-07-14)July 14, 1893
Blanchester, Ohio
Died August 23, 1965(1965-08-23) (aged 72)
Bethesda, Maryland
Resting place I.O.O.F. Cemetery, Blanchester, Ohio
Political party Republican Party
Spouse(s) Ethel McKinney
Children at least three
Alma mater Washington and Lee University School of Law
Brown as lieutenant governor of Ohio 1919–1923.

Clarence J. Brown, Sr. (July 14, 1893 – August 23, 1965) was an American newspaper publisher and politician; he represented Ohio as a Republican in the United States House of Representatives from 1939 until his death in Bethesda, Maryland in 1965. Long representing conservative views, near the end of his life, he helped gain passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided enforcement of the right to vote for all citizens.

As president of Brown Publishing Company from 1920, he created a huge media company that lasted for 90 years. In 1918, at age 25, Brown was elected as the 36th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, the youngest man to gain that post.


  • Life and career 1
  • Political career 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Notes 5
  • External links 6

Life and career

Brown was born in Blanchester, Clinton County, Ohio[1] or West Union, Clermont County, Ohio,[2] the son of Owen and Ellen Barerre (McCoppin) Brown. His middle name is "J" and does not stand for anything. He attended the Blanchester public schools, and then attended law school at Washington and Lee University, in Lexington, Virginia, from 1913 to 1915.

On his twenty-first birthday, Brown married Ethel McKinney. He worked as state statistician in 1915 and 1916 in the Ohio Secretary of State's office.

Brown began newspaper work in Blanchester in 1917, where he published several country newspapers. He became president of the Brown Publishing Company in Blanchester, and also owned and operated several large farms. He directed Brown Publishing for the rest of his life.

Political career

In 1918, at age 25, Brown was elected as the 36th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, serving from 1919 to 1923; he was the youngest man ever to hold the office. In 1926, he was elected Ohio Secretary of State and served from 1927 to 1933.

Brown twice ran for governor of Ohio: in 1932, he lost the primary; in 1934, he won the Republican nomination but lost the general election. Brown was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1936, 1940, 1944 and 1948, and a member of the Republican National Committee beginning in 1944.

Brown was elected in 1938 as a Republican to the Seventy-sixth and to the thirteen succeeding Congresses, serving from January 3, 1939 until his death in 1965. While in Congress, he was chairman of the Select Committee on Newsprint in the Eightieth Congress; he was very close to Speaker Sam Rayburn of Texas.

In the 1930s, Brown was a staunch isolationist and opposed President Franklin D. Roosevelt's policies. When Harry S. Truman became president, Brown opposed his Fair Deal. Brown co-sponsored legislation to create the Hoover Commission to study the Federal government and served on the commission, formally the Commission on the Organization of the Executive Branch of Government.

By the 1950s, Brown was the ranking minority member of the important Rules Committee in Congress. In the 1960s, he worked with its chairman, Democrat Howard W. Smith of Virginia to block liberal legislation sought by presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, including enforcement of constitutional civil rights of African Americans. (Smith was a senior member of the Southern Block, established by white Democrats at the turn of the 20th century when former Confederate states disfranchised blacks.) But, near the end of his life, Brown broke with the ardent segregationist Smith. He checked out of the hospital to help shepherd the Voting Rights Act of 1965 through Smith's Rules Committee, and contributed to the achievements of the civil rights movement.

Brown died at Bethesda Naval Hospital, Bethesda, Maryland on August 23, 1965. He was buried in the I.O.O.F. Cemetery, Blanchester, Ohio.

Brown was a member of the Masons, K. of P., I.O.O.F., Moose, and M.W.A.[3]

His son Clarence J. "Bud" Brown Jr. won the special election in 1965 to fill his father's seat in Congress. His grandson is Clancy Brown, an actor. He is no relation to the film director of the same name.

See also


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.


  1. ^ Bioguide
  2. ^ ANB
  3. ^ Halley, W E; Maynard, John P. (1920). Manual of Legislative Practice in the General Assembly 1919-1920. Columbus: State Bindery. p. 38. 

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.