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Communications in Burma

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Communications in Burma

All communications in Burma are controlled by the government.

Telecommunication networks

Installation of telephones and the cost of calling are prohibitively expensive for most people. To call overseas for two minutes would cost more than most earn in a month.

Telephones - main lines in use: 503,900 (2005)

Telephones - mobile cellular: 5,400,000 (2012) [1]

Telephone system:
general assessment: meets minimum requirements for local and intercity service for business and government
domestic: system barely capable of providing basic service; cellular phone system is grossly underdeveloped with a subscribership base of less than 1 per 100 persons
international: country code - 95; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE 3 optical telecommunications submarine cable that provides links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 2, Intelsat (Indian Ocean) and ShinSat (2007)

Homepage : www.mpt.net.mm/

Bids are been invited for two fresh telecom licenses by the Myanmar Government. The deadline is set to be Feb 8, 2013. The licenses are expected to be issued in June and carry a contract duration of up to 20 years. Two more licenses are expected to offered following this round of bidding. [2]

According to government statistics, 5.4 million of Myanmar’s 60 million population had a mobile phone subscription at end-2012, giving the country a mobile penetration of 9 per cent.[1]

According to official figures released in mid 2012, Myanmar had 857 Base Transceiver Stations (BTS) for 1,654,667 local GSM mobile users, 188 BTSs for 225,617 local WCDMA mobile users, 366 BTSs for 633,569 local CDMA-450 mobile users, and 193 BTSs for 341,687 CDMA-800 mobile users. Huawei who has built 40 percent of the towers in Myanmar, which amounts to 1500 across the country, said it has built the towers mostly in Yangon, Mandalay and Naypyidaw.[3]

The Myanmar Telecommunications Operator Tender Evaluation and Selection Committee selected Norwegian Telenor Group and Ooredoo of Qatar as winners of the bidding, for the two telecom licences issued by the government of Myanmar.[3] The licenses allow the operators to build and operate a nationwide wireless network for 15 years.

Media

Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 3 (2007)

Television broadcast stations: 4 (2008)

Press

  1. Kyehmon (Burmese: ) - state-run daily
  2. The New Light of Myanmar (Burmese: Myanma A-lin) - English and Burmese language organ of SPDC
  3. The Myanmar Times (Burmese: Myanma Taing) - private-run English-language weekly

Television

  1. MTV or MTV1 - state-run, operated by Myanmar TV - broadcasts in Burmese language.
  2. MTV2 - state-run, sister channel of MTV - broadcast in Burmese language and some local languages
  3. MTV International - state-run international TV service
  4. MTV3 - state-run, another sister channel of MTV - doesn't broadcast in Burmese but in Thai, Khmer, Vietnamese and English. (pay TV)
  5. MTV4 - state-run 24 hours sport channel. (pay TV)
  6. MRTV - state-run, operated by Myanmar Radio TV - broadcasts in Burmese, Arakanese, Shan, Karen, Kachin, Kayah, Chin, Mon and English
  7. MRTV-3 - state-run second international TV service
  8. MRTV-4 - pay TV service (only available in Yangon)
  9. TV Myawady - army-run network
  10. Democratic Voice of Burma - Activists from the 88 Generation launched it. Based in Norway, it makes both TV and Radio broadcasts

Radio

  1. Radio Myanmar - state-run, operated by Myanmar TV and Radio Department
  2. Yangon City FM - entertainment-based, operated by Yangon City Development Committee
  3. Democratic Voice of Burma - opposition station based in Norway, broadcasts via shortwave

News agency

  1. Myanmar News Agency (MNA) - state-run

Internet

Main article: Internet in Burma

The government does not allow access to the entire Internet; many adult, anti-government, free email, and web sites are blocked. The costs to install Internet access and ongoing usage charges are prohibitively expensive for most people.

Myanmar Teleport[1]

According to MPT's official statistics as of July 2010, the country had over 400,000 Internet users (0.8% of the population) with the vast majority of the users located in the two largest cities, Yangon and Mandalay.[9]

See also

References

External links

  • Myanmar Post and Telecoms - the government ISP
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