World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Corsican citron

Article Id: WHEBN0020043714
Reproduction Date:

Title: Corsican citron  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Citrus, Moroccan citron, Florentine citron, List of citrus fruits, Succade
Collection: Citron, Citrus, Corsica, Flora of Corsica, Natural Cultivars
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Corsican citron

Corsican citron

The Corsican citron is a citron variety that contains a non-acidic pulp.

The name is from its most original cultivation center which is even today, at the French Island of Corsica or Corse. It is said to be one of the first citrus fruit, to reach the corsican soil.[1]


  • History, production & uses 1
    • Etrog 1.1
  • Description 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

History, production & uses

Traditionally, it was one of the most important varieties employed in Succade production. The fruit used to be shipped to Genoa, Italy, where it was de-pulped in the large centers in Livorno, hence its name the Citron of Commerce.

With 45,000 tons per year, Corsica was once the world’s leading producer of citron. The historian Laurence Pinelli explains:[2]


Corsican citrons on the tree

For a short period of time Genoese merchants, who always supplied fruit for the Jewish ritual of Etrog, used to ship also some amount of this Corsican variety, while there was not enough available from Diamante. This tradition terminated due to competition with the Greek citron which was considered to be of extraordinary beauty.[3]

Today the citron is cooked with sugar to produce a jam.


This slow-growing tree reaches a height of about 3 to 4 meters, open and spreading, rather small according to different varieties. Medium-thorny with some large, stout spines. The incredibly fragrant blossom appears in March–April and lasts until September, producing good honey with honey bees. Flowers, buds and new growth are not purple-tinted.

The tree produces large fruit, ellipsoid to very slightly obovate; basal area slightly depressed and radially furrowed; apical nipple suppressed or indistinct. Color lemon-yellow when ripe. Rind very thick and fleshy, sweet with some bitter after-taste; surface rather rough, bumpy, and commonly somewhat ribbed. Flesh crisp and solid; lacking in juice; flavor sweet without acid. Seeds white yellowish. This giant citron can measure up to 25 cm in length and weigh up to 4 kg![4]


  1. ^ Visit Corsica
  2. ^ Visit Corsica
  3. ^ The Saga of Citron
  4. ^ Visit Corsica

External links

  • Description of falsely labeled as the Citron of Commerce
  • Description of citron and varieties by Purdue University
  • The Citrus Industry
  • Alimea with pictures
  • Plant Immigrants
  • Some Pictures, More Pictures
  • The Cultivated Oranges and Lemons
  • The Pharmaceutical Journal-Consular report
  • Citron Leaves book, the trade of Corsican citrons through Leghorn and/or the United States
  • The Gardeners Chronicle
  • Biennial Report
  • Report Google Books
  • Parliamentary Papers
  • The Dublin REview
  • Monthly Consular
  • Bulletin Victoria
  • Science
  • Alimea
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.