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Corsican citron

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Title: Corsican citron  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Citrus, Moroccan citron, Florentine citron, List of citrus fruits, Succade
Collection: Citron, Citrus, Corsica, Flora of Corsica, Natural Cultivars
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Corsican citron

Corsican citron

The Corsican citron is a citron variety that contains a non-acidic pulp.

The name is from its most original cultivation center which is even today, at the French Island of Corsica or Corse. It is said to be one of the first citrus fruit, to reach the corsican soil.[1]

Contents

  • History, production & uses 1
    • Etrog 1.1
  • Description 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

History, production & uses

Traditionally, it was one of the most important varieties employed in Succade production. The fruit used to be shipped to Genoa, Italy, where it was de-pulped in the large centers in Livorno, hence its name the Citron of Commerce.

With 45,000 tons per year, Corsica was once the world’s leading producer of citron. The historian Laurence Pinelli explains:[2]

Etrog

Corsican citrons on the tree

For a short period of time Genoese merchants, who always supplied fruit for the Jewish ritual of Etrog, used to ship also some amount of this Corsican variety, while there was not enough available from Diamante. This tradition terminated due to competition with the Greek citron which was considered to be of extraordinary beauty.[3]

Today the citron is cooked with sugar to produce a jam.

Description

This slow-growing tree reaches a height of about 3 to 4 meters, open and spreading, rather small according to different varieties. Medium-thorny with some large, stout spines. The incredibly fragrant blossom appears in March–April and lasts until September, producing good honey with honey bees. Flowers, buds and new growth are not purple-tinted.

The tree produces large fruit, ellipsoid to very slightly obovate; basal area slightly depressed and radially furrowed; apical nipple suppressed or indistinct. Color lemon-yellow when ripe. Rind very thick and fleshy, sweet with some bitter after-taste; surface rather rough, bumpy, and commonly somewhat ribbed. Flesh crisp and solid; lacking in juice; flavor sweet without acid. Seeds white yellowish. This giant citron can measure up to 25 cm in length and weigh up to 4 kg![4]

References

  1. ^ Visit Corsica
  2. ^ Visit Corsica
  3. ^ The Saga of Citron
  4. ^ Visit Corsica

External links

  • Description of falsely labeled as the Citron of Commerce
  • Description of citron and varieties by Purdue University
  • The Citrus Industry
  • Alimea with pictures
  • Plant Immigrants
  • Some Pictures, More Pictures
  • The Cultivated Oranges and Lemons
  • The Pharmaceutical Journal-Consular report
  • Citron Leaves book, the trade of Corsican citrons through Leghorn and/or the United States
  • The Gardeners Chronicle
  • Biennial Report
  • Report Google Books
  • Parliamentary Papers
  • The Dublin REview
  • Monthly Consular
  • Bulletin Victoria
  • Science
  • Alimea
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