World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cream-coloured courser

Article Id: WHEBN0000357495
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cream-coloured courser  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cursorius, Indian courser, Glareolidae, Birds of North Africa, St Agnes, Isles of Scilly
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Cream-coloured courser

Cream-coloured courser
Adult Cursorius cursor from Tal Chhapar Sanctuary, Churu, Rajasthan, India
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Glareolidae
Genus: Cursorius
Species: C. cursor
Binomial name
Cursorius cursor
(Latham, 1787)
Cursorius cursor species from Dibba, United Arab Emirates
Cursorius cursor MHNT

The cream-coloured courser (Cursorius cursor) is a wader in the pratincole and courser family, Glareolidae.

Although classed as waders, these are birds of dry open country, preferably semi-desert, where they typically hunt their insect prey by running on the ground.

Contents

  • Range 1
  • Description 2
  • Subspecies 3
  • Taxonomic note 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Range

These coursers are found in Canary Islands, Cape Verde, North Africa and southwest Asia. Their two eggs are laid in a ground scrape. The breeding season extends from February to September,[2] but they may breed also in autumn and winter when local conditions (especially rainfall) are favourable.[3] They are partially migratory, with northern and northwestern birds wintering in India, Arabia and across the southern edge of the Sahara. Some birds also breed in the southern desert regions in northwestern India and Pakistan.[4]

They are rare north of the breeding range, but this species has occurred as far away as Finland, Ireland and Great Britain.

Description

These birds have long legs and long wings. They have slightly downcurved bills. The body plumage is sandy in colour, fading to whitish on the lower belly. The upperwing primary feathers and the underwings are black. The crown and nape are grey, and there is a black eyestripe and white supercilium.

In flight this species resembles a pratincole with its relaxed wingbeats, pointed wings and dark underwings.

Subspecies

There are three subspecies of the cream-coloured courser:[5]

Taxonomic note

Hayman's Shorebirds treats the east African form littoralis as a race of the Somali courser rather than of cream-colored.[6] Some authorities in turn consider the Somali, Burchell's and cream-coloured coursers to be conspecific.

References

  1. ^  
  2. ^ Maclean, G.L. 1996. Family Glareolidae (coursers and pratincoles). In: J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott & J. Sargatal (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World (Vol. 3 - Hoatzin to Auks), pp. 364–383. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  3. ^ Amezian, M., Bergier, P. & Qninba, A. 2014. is more common than previously reported.Cursorius cursorAutumn-winter breeding by Cream-coloured Coursers Wader Study Group Bulletin 121: 177-180.
  4. ^ Rahmani, Asad R.; Manakadan, Ranjit (1989). "Breeding records of Creamcoloured Courser Cursorius cursor cursor (Latham) from India". Journal of the Bombay Natural Historical Society 86 (3): 447–448. 
  5. ^ Coursers, noddies, gulls, terns, auks and sandgrouse"'". International Ornithological Congress. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  6. ^ Hayman, Peter; Marchant, John; Prater, Tony. Shorebirds: An Identification Guide. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.  

External links

  • Cream-coloured courser photos at Oiseaux.net
  • Cursorius cursorBirdLife species factsheet for
  • Cursorius cursor on Avibase
  • Cream-coloured courser videos, photos, and sounds at the Internet Bird Collection
  • Cream-coloured courser photo gallery at VIREO (Drexel University)
  • Cursorius cursorInteractive range map of at IUCN Red List maps
  • Audio recordings of Cream-coloured courser on Xeno-canto.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.