World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Crown and Anchor

Article Id: WHEBN0002980115
Reproduction Date:

Title: Crown and Anchor  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Chuck-a-luck, Gambling games, Dice games, Suit (cards), Dice
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Crown and Anchor

Crown and Anchor stall at Battle of Flowers funfair in Jersey

Crown and Anchor is a simple dice game, traditionally played for gambling purposes by sailors in the Royal Navy, and also in the British merchant and fishing fleets.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Rules of play 2
  • Variations 3
  • Cultural references 4
  • References 5

History

The game originated in the 18th century. It is still popular in the Channel Islands and Bermuda, but is strictly controlled and may be played legally only on certain occasions, such as the Channel Islands' three annual agricultural shows, or Bermuda's annual Cup Match cricket game.

Three special dice are used in Crown and Anchor. The dice are equal in size and shape to standard dice, but instead of one through six pips, they are marked with six symbols: crown, anchor, diamond, spade, club and heart. (The last four are the same symbols used on playing cards.)

Rules of play

Crown and Anchor playing mat

The game is played between a player and a banker. A canvas or felt mat marked with the six symbols is used for play. The player places bets on one or more symbols. He then throws the three dice. If there is a bet on any symbol which comes up on one or more of the dice, the banker pays the player the amount of his stake for each die showing that symbol: even money if one, 2:1 if two, and 3:1 if three. If the symbol doesn't come up, the player loses his bet.

On average, the player will receive back 92.1% of the amount he bets. The house takes roughly 7.9% of all money bet. Thus, the banker has a substantial edge. In a game at a festival or casino, the house will be banker. In a game among friends, each person serves as banker in turn.

Variations

A similar version of the game is played in Nepal called "Langur Burja" ("लङ्गुर बुर्जा" in Nepali). There is a similar Flemish version called Anker en Zon ("Anchor and Sun"), in which a sun symbol replaces the crown. The French version again uses the sun, and is called Ancre, Pique, et Soleil ("Anchor, Spade, and Sun"). A similar game played in China called Hoo Hey How (魚蝦蟹, Fish-Prawn-Crab in Hokkien) and Vietnam called or Bầu cua cá cọp.[1][2]

Cultural references

  • Crown and Anchor is one of the dice games played in the British detective series Foyle's War, episode 15, "Casualties of War."
  • The game is mentioned in Terry Pratchett's book Dodger.

References

  1. ^ The Gamer 1981 p17 "In Britain, the game is Crown and Anchor and is played with dice spotted (Spades, Hearts, Diamonds, Clubs, Crown and Anchor). In part of the Far East, the game is Hoo Hey How and the dice are spotted (Fish, Prawn, King Crab, Butterfly,"
  2. ^ David Sidney Parlett The Oxford history of board games 1999 p31 "A substantially similar game is played by the Chinese under the title Hoo-Hey-How, or, more picturesquely, Fish-Prawn-Crab,14 the six compartments and dice-sides being marked respectively with a fish, a prawn, a king crab, a flower, ."
  • Rules for playing Crown and Anchor Department of Racing, Gaming & Liquor, Government of Western Australia
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.