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Duffy (singer)

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Duffy (singer)

Duffy
Duffy in 2010.
Background information
Birth name Aimée Ann Duffy
Also known as
  • Duffy
  • Aimee Duffy
Born (1984-06-23) 23 June 1984
Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • actress
Instruments Vocals
Years active 2004–present (hiatus)[2]
Labels
Associated acts Bernard Butler
Website iamduffy.com

Duffy (born 23 June 1984 as Aimee Ann Duffy) is a Welsh singer, songwriter and actress. Born in Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales, her music career began when she was introduced to Jeannette Lee of Rough Trade Records, which led to her signing a recording contract with A&M Records in 2007.

Following the release of the singles "Rockferry" (2007) and "Mercy" (2008), the latter which reached singles charts worldwide, Duffy released her 2008 debut album Rockferry. The album entered the UK Album Chart at number one, and became the best-selling album in the United Kingdom in 2008[4] with 1.68 million copies sold.[5] The album was certified several times Platinum[6] and sold over 7 million copies worldwide, spawning further successful singles. With "Mercy", Duffy became the first Welsh woman to achieve number-one on the UK Singles Chart since 1983,[7][8] while Rockferry was awarded the Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album amongst further nominations at the 51st Grammy Awards.[9][10] In 2009, she won three Brit Awards for British Breakthrough, Best British Female and Best British Album.[11]

In 2010, Duffy released her second album Endlessly. Following its relative critical and commercial failure, in February 2011, Duffy announced she would take an extended hiatus from music before beginning work on her third album,[2] and made her acting debut in the film Patagonia.[12][13] She has since appeared in, and contributed music to, the films Secret Love and Legend (both 2015), the latter in which she played American singer Timi Yuro.

Early life

Duffy was born in Bangor, Gwynedd to an English father John Duffy, who was born in Liverpool and brought up in Rock Ferry, Wirral; and a Welsh mother, Joyce Smith (née Williams), born in Bangor, Caernarfonshire and brought up in Nefyn, near Pwllheli. She was partly raised in Nefyn with her twin sister, Katy Ann, and older sister Kelly Ann, who was born in 1980. Duffy's parents divorced when she was 10 and she moved to Letterston, near the Pembrokeshire town of Fishguard with her mother and sisters.[14]

Duffy attended Ysgol Nefyn (Nefyn School), Gwynedd on the Llyn Peninsula and Sir Thomas Picton School in Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire as a child. At the age of 17, she attended the Pwllheli campus of Coleg Meirion-Dwyfor to study for her A levels. She subsequently went to the University of Chester and studied for Commercial Music Production on the Warrington campus. From 2004, she studied Performing Arts at the Parkgate campus.[15]

In September 1998, at the age of 14, Duffy was briefly put in a police safe house when authorities uncovered a plot by her stepfather's ex-wife to pay an assassin £3,000 to kill her stepfather, Philip Smith. Smith's ex-wife, Dawn Watson, was sentenced to a 3½-year jail term for soliciting to murder. Smith had previously beaten up Watson's new husband Marc Watson, who had also accused Smith of being violent towards his ex-partner whilst they were together.[16] "I was so terrified. I felt so ill," Duffy recounted in 2008, as reported by the NME and the Sun.[17][18][19][20] Duffy describes living in the safe house as a dog-eat-dog, claustrophobic and isolating experience. At age 15, she ran away back to her father's home in Nefyn. Duffy said in retrospect, "It was a horrendous thing to do." Her mother and her sisters did not speak to her for about a year afterward. In reaction to her parents' break-up, the following three years were a rebellious period that included binge drinking and stealing a rowing boat.[21]

Music career

2003–06: Musical beginnings

After finishing her GCSEs in Pembrokeshire,[22] Duffy returned to Nefyn, to live with her father, when she was fifteen, and started singing in various local bands. Duffy then spent six weeks in Switzerland (before she started college), collaborating with the writer-producer Soren Mounir, under the name Soulego.[23] She was advised by a lecturer at Chester University to "Go on the dole, love, and become a singer".[22] She also built up a following at Alexander's, a local jazz and blues club in Chester, performing with guitarist David Burton from the band The Invisible Wires.[24] Duffy returned to Wales in 2003 and was invited to appear on Wawffactor, a Welsh television talent show. She was expected to win but came second to winner Lisa Pedrick.[25]

In 2004, following success on Wawffactor, Duffy recorded a three-song Welsh extended play, titled Aimée Duffy, while working part-time in two jobs as waitress and in a fishmongers.[26] It later achieved 2008 Welsh chart success, charting at number-one on the "Siart C2" music chart. Duffy, now in high demand, appeared on Mint Royale's See You in the Morning as a back-up singer.[27] Duffy was introduced to Jeanette Lee of Rough Trade Records in August 2004, after singing Richard J. Parfitt's "Oh Boy".[28] Lee moved Duffy to Crouch End in London, orchestrating a meeting between Duffy and Suede's ex-guitar player Bernard Butler.[29] Lee with Rough Trade would eventually manage Duffy.[30] After Butler had given Duffy a soul music "education" by downloading tracks on to her iPod that she could listen to while around London or travelling back to Wales, the pair co-wrote with her and helped create a new retro sound.[31] The music included tracks Al Green, Bettye Swann, Ann Peebles, Doris Duke, Scott Walker, Phil Spector and Burt Bacharach.[22] Duffy was quoted as saying Bettye Swann "is one of my biggest inspirations" particularly her song "Cover Me" because "it marks the time I got interested in physical contact. I was 19, and here was a woman singing 'Cover me, spread your precious love all over me.' It's very tender, but it's also, hilariously, quite crude."[32]

2007–08: Rockferry and international breakthrough

Duffy singing at SXSW, 15 March 2008

Duffy was contracted to A&M Records (UK) on 23 November 2007.[33] She performed on the BBC Two television show Later with Jools Holland,[34] which resulted in a second appearance on the related broadcast Hootenanny, where Duffy performed with Eddie Floyd. On 22 February 2008, she appeared on Later with Jools Holland for a third time and performed "Rockferry", "Mercy", and "Stepping Stone". Duffy also made appearances on the BBC Two television programme The Culture Show on 23 February 2008, performing "Mercy". In January 2008, Duffy came second to Adele in the annual BBC News Online poll of industry experts Sound of 2008, for acts to emerge in the coming year.[35] In Wales, following Duffy's recent promotion of her music, Aimée Duffy reached number-one on the "Siart C2" music chart.[36] By 2007, Duffy was finalising her debut album effort, to be titled Rockferry, after Rock Ferry, where her grandmother lives.[37] She subsequently struck a US label deal with Mercury Records, a newly re-activated imprint of Island Def Jam Music Group. The first single from the album, also titled "Rockferry" was critically well-received with Allmusic calling it a "grand, sweeping ballad".[38]

Butler and his musical partner David McAlmont, and a number of other musicians formed the backbone of Duffy's band for her debut album, Rockferry, which was released on A&M Records on 3 March 2008.[39] The black and white album art and video for the title track were shot by directors Luke Seomore and Joseph Bull, on and around the Ffestiniog Railway in Porthmadog, which was renamed 'Rockferry' for the occasion.[40] According to Duffy, "The album took nearly four years to make. We had to hire cheap, tiny studios and sometimes there would be three-week periods between writing and recording." Bernard Butler, who was not initially paid, produced four songs for the album, including the single, "Rockferry".[41] The singles "Mercy" and "Stepping Stone", were co-written and produced by Steve Booker, and the second single "Warwick Avenue", by Jimmy Hogarth and Eg White. Duffy released the debut limited edition single "Rockferry" in November 2007 followed by the Steve Booker co-written and produced single, "Mercy", which went straight to number one. "Mercy" was the last song written for the album.[42] The single was physically released on 25 February 2008. She revealed that both "Mercy" and "Stepping Stone" are autobiographical; "Mercy" is about "sexual liberty" and "not doing something somebody else wants you to do", and "Stepping Stone" is about not expressing her feelings to a person she fell in love with.[43] "Warwick Avenue" was the second single released from the album. The song occurred when Duffy, then 19 years old, was familiarising herself with the London Underground and accidentally found herself at the Warwick Avenue station. The following day the song "just sort of came out". At first the video for the song was meant to be an elaborate production but ended up a tearful head shot in a taxi cab with Duffy's mascara smudging. Duffy has said "That's as close as I'm ever going to get to doing a performance that's real in a video."[44]

Duffy performing at the 2008 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival.

By May, "Mercy" was a staple on VH1 and a hot Adult Contemporary radio hit and had been featured in the season finale of the American television medical drama Grey's Anatomy as well as being on the soundtrack album for Sex and the City: The Movie.[45][46][47] A remix of "Mercy", featuring rap artist The Game, was released on 10 May.[48] On 13 May Rockferry was released in the United States to positive reviews.[49][50][51] Because of its cheap production values the album is reaping Duffy substantial financial benefits.[41] Despite her album's success in the United States, Duffy was quoted as saying “I don’t like how big American stars consider themselves an exception from humanity".[52] In November 2008, the single "Rain on Your Parade" was released. The song was co-written & produced by Steve Booker. The song was first released on download sales only on 10 November 2008 before being released physically on 17 November 2008.[53] Duffy describes this song as "a big, disco-y dance song".[54] The song entered the UK Singles Chart at number twenty-two before rising to a peak of fifteen the following week. The track was included on the deluxe edition of Rockferry. At the 2008 MOJO Awards, Duffy won the "Song of the Year" award for "Mercy"[55] and was nominated also for "Album of the Year" and "Breakthrough Act". These three nominations were the largest number of nominations for any one act.[56] She also received a 2008 Q Award in the category of Breakthrough Act,[57] a nomination for the Q category of Best Track for "Mercy",[58] a Music of Black Origin Award nomination for Best UK Female.[59] At the MTV Europe Music Awards, she received nominations in the categories of Album of the Year, Most Addictive Track, and New Act.[60] She performed at the EMA show.[61]

"Every time I'm in America, I feel there's some atmosphere – I can't put my finger on it [...] but there's some excitement that exists nowhere else. And I think it's because soul music, black music, is basically what started pop music"

Duffy,
San Diego Union Tribune[54]

Duffy has performed at concerts and festival gigs around the world. Her first American performances took place at the SXSW conference,[62] and the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival was her first festival gig. The Coachella performance delighted the crowd with 'Rockferry', 'Serious', 'Warwick Avenue' and 'Mercy'.[63] To coincide with the release of Rockferry, Duffy performed at the Apollo Theater in New York City.[64] Duffy received the honour of performing at the Royal Variety Performance 2008.[65] In 2008, Duffy played many festivals in Europe. This included visits to French,[66] Swedish and Irish[67] summer festivals, amongst others. In the United Kingdom, Duffy visited venues such as Glastonbury and the Evolution Festival. She also toured the American summer festivals in 2008 for example a visit to Lollapalooza in Chicago.[68] Duffy toured the United Kingdom and Ireland during November and December 2008.[69] To promote Rockferry, Duffy made many visits to American television, including Late Night with Conan O'Brien,[70] and Saturday Night Live.[71] Duffy played a fourteen-city North American tour. Plans had called for her to open for Coldplay on six of the dates.[72] During a concert in Cleveland, Duffy accidentally set the left side of her hair on fire.[73] In New York, Duffy was left apologising to an audience after briefly crying. She explained to the audience that this happens in one out of every 15 of her shows when she feels exposed for reasons she does not fully understand.[74] Duffy also made a recording for British broadcaster BBC, performing at the LSO St. Luke's. The performance was televised in 2009 on the British television station BBC One.[75]

2009–10: Continued success and Endlessly

Duffy performing live at the Super Bock Super Rock on 17 July 2009.

At the 51st Grammy Awards held in February 2009, Duffy won a Grammy Award in the category of Best Pop Vocal Album for Rockferry. Earlier she had been nominated for awards in the categories of Best New Artist and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for her single "Mercy".[9] Duffy equalled Coldplay with four 2009 Brit Awards nominations. She eventually won three awards, including Best Album for Rockferry, one behind the record held by Blur for the most won in one night.[76] "I cannot tell you what this means after five years of hard work," Duffy said.[77] At the awards ceremony she performed "Warwick Avenue". Record producers & songwriters Steve Booker & Bernard Butler gained awards for their work on the Rockferry album. She shared a 2009 Ivor Novello Award in the category "Most Performed Work" with Steve Booker for their work on Mercy. Songwriter Eg White won the award for "Songwriter of the Year" in part for Warwick Avenue, which he co-wrote with Duffy.[78][79] "Mercy" was played on United States radio and television more than 3 million times earning Duffy a 2009 Broadcast Music Incorporated award.[80] The album was nominated and shortlisted for the Album of 30 Years category at the 2010 Brit Awards.[81]

The album's success led to a period of confusion about her role in the music business that nearly led her to quit music.[21] Duffy has said that she did not mind people illegally downloading her music because she believes most people who do are kids who cannot afford the CDs and will buy them when they get older.[82] Duffy recorded a cover of Paul McCartney and Wings' song "Live and Let Die". It was used on the War Child charity album titled War Child Heroes, Volume I.[83] Acclaim came from Paul McCartney, saying that Duffy's version "is great – I was really impressed".[84] Duffy and Bernard Butler wrote the song "Smoke Without Fire", which appeared on the soundtrack for the film An Education.[85]

Duffy's second album required her to slow her career.[13] In late January 2010 Rough Trade Management, who with Jeanette Lee had managed Duffy, announced that they and the singer had parted amicably. Duffy's new management stated that "the professional relationship between Duffy and Rough Trade management has run its course."[30] She is currently with A&M/Universal.[12] On 16 September 2010 Duffy announced the release of her second album, Endlessly. The album was recorded in New York, London and Spain[86] in the year prior to the announcement. Duffy formed a songwriting partnership with Albert Hammond for the record. Endlessly was released in the United Kingdom on 29 November 2010 and placed at number 9 in the album charts of 5 December. The album's first single failed to achieve the success of previous singles, entering the UK charts at number 41 on 21 November.[87] Called "Well, Well, Well", the single features a rhythm section by United States hip hop group The Roots.[12][13][88]

2011–present: Musical hiatus and acting roles

Following the release of Endlessly it was confirmed that no more singles would be released from the album, and in February 2011,that Duffy would take a two-year break from music before beginning work on her third studio album.[2] In July 2011, Duffy was sued by Angela Becker, the manager she had hired in 2010 to replace her ex-manager Jeanette Lee. Becker claims that she was hired in March 2010 and was fired in December 2010 but was supposed to remain Duffy's manager until the end of the promotion of Endlessly or alternatively four months after its initial release.[89]

In August 2011, Duffy was scheduled to perform in Monaco for the Sporting Summer Festival, but cancelled and Melody Gardot was hired to replace her.[90] In October 2012, Duffy was announced as a performer for the Atelier Festival in Dubai but failed to appear and was declared a "no show" by the Dubai media.[91][92] In September 2013, Duffy gave her first live performance in three years during a tribute to Edith Piaf in New York City.[93]

In October 2011, producer and rapper David Banner announced that he and Duffy were to go in the studio for two weeks.[94] Albert Hammond announced in 2012 that he was working with Duffy.[95]

At the 2014 Cannes Film Festival, it was announced that Duffy would return to acting with a starring role in the film Secret Love and would contribute to its soundtrack.[96] In the 2015 crime thriller film Legend, Duffy plays American singer Timi Yuro and contributes three songs to its soundtrack including a new original song; "Whole Lot of Love". This song, alongside new song "Dear Heart", was released as a digital download and streaming single on 11 September 2015.[97]

Artistry

Under the sub-title, "The New Amys", Adam Thompson wrote in The Times on 30 December 2007 that "Duffy, Estelle, Gabriella Cilmi and Adele lead the charge to be the next Winehouse. First sightings seem to indicate that they are all bright-eyed innocents with bags of talent – a familiar starting point, no?" She said at first she did not understand the comparisons to Dusty Springfield and believes the comparisons with others or putting her in a movement is "a gimmick" and noted that "nobody is replaceable".[54] Later some of Springfield's friends sought out and befriended Duffy. Duffy was quoted as saying they tell her she is much like Springfield and talk to her as if she were around during the 1960s.[98]

Alison Goldfrapp said while Duffy has a great voice, she was trained to sound essentially like Amy Winehouse as part of a business plan, mistakenly believing that Duffy had attended the BRIT School.[99] Noel Gallagher of Oasis has a similar perspective.[100] By 2009, people had stopped referring to Duffy as the "New Amy" or "New Dusty" a prospect that is a "bit more frightening because before I had certain references but now it's just me on my own".[101] On 1 February 2009, The Times Encyclopedia of modern music named Rockferry an "Essential" Blue-eyed soul recording. Albums by Amy Winehouse and Adele were also named as essential Blue Eyed Soul recordings in the "recent" category.[102] At the 2009 Grammy Awards Adele during her acceptance speech said that "she loves Duffy and thinks that she is amazing".

Duffy lists Marvin Gaye, Phil Spector, and Arcade Fire as her musical influences.[103]

Other projects

Duffy has endorsed several products. In August 2008, Duffy appeared in Fashion Rocks, supporting a new range of Nivea products.[104] Duffy has also appeared in various European television commercials endorsing the beverage Diet Coke. The campaign, showing Duffy cycling through a supermarket singing "I Gotta Be Me", was launched on British television station ITV, following the 2009 BRIT Awards, which saw Duffy take home three awards for her work.[105] Duffy was named as the "face" of the brand, alongside other famous women,[106][107] though her initial advert for the brand was widely deemed as a career misstep.[108] In addition, the advert went on to spark unexpected complaints about the health of children when it showed Duffy riding without protective gear, to the United Kingdom's Advertising Standards Authority. However, these claims were ultimately rejected.[109]

Duffy made her film debut playing the character of Sissy in the 2010 drama film Patagonia, directed by Marc Evans. Sissy's character is "a Welsh student who livens up the holiday of a young Argentinian man on a trip to Wales".[13][110] The film is about Welsh Argentines living in Y Wladfa, Patagonia. Patagonia premiered at the Seattle International Film Festival on 10 June 2010,[111] and was released in October 2010.[112]

Personal life

Duffy dated Cheshire born Mark Durston [113] for over five years until November 2006. Duffy also lived in Abersoch with him.[114]

In September 2008, Duffy mentioned that she was "on the borderline of a nervous breakdown" because of the pressure that fame has brought her. She also said that she had considered becoming a recluse, but eventually decided against the idea for the sake of her fans. Although acknowledging that most people do mean well, she finds it "scary" when people recognise her in the street, and has been fearful of her image possibly changing the person she truly is.[115][116]

Duffy's estimated fortune of £4 million placed her in 16th place in the 2009 Sunday Times listing of Great Britain's wealthiest young musicians.[117]

Duffy dated Welsh International rugby star Mike Phillips from September 2009[110] to May 2011.[118]

On 3 October 2012, Duffy escaped from a fire in the rented penthouse apartment in which she was living, in Kensington, London.[119]

Discography

Studio albums

See also

Filmography

List of television and films credits
Year Title Role Notes
2008 Saturday Night Live Herself "Anna Faris/Duffy" (Season 34, Episode 3)
2010 Patagonia Sissy Film debut
2015 Secret Love Mel Lead role
Legend Timi Yuro

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