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Echinostelium

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Echinostelium

Echinostelium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Amoebozoa
Phylum: Mycetozoa
Class: Myxogastria
Order: Echinosteliales
Family: Echinosteliaceae / Echinosteliidae
Genus: Echinostelium
De Bary, 1855
Type species
Echinostelium minutum
De Bary, 1855

Echinostelium is a genus of slime mould, and the only genus in the family Echinosteliaceae,[1] or Echinosteliidae.[2] It was discovered by Heinrich Anton de Bary in 1855, apparently near Frankfurt am Main.[3] It has an "apogamic" life cycle; only minute plasmodia are produced, which have never been seen to undergo sexual fusion. The plasmodium can divide vegetatively, in a process called plasmotomy, to distinguish it from true cell division.[4] The genus Echinostelium comprises at least five species:[5]

  • Echinostelium apitectum K. D. Whitney, 1980
  • Echinostelium colliculosum K. D. Whitney & H. W. Keller, 1980
  • Echinostelium corynophorum K. D. Whitney, 1980
  • Echinostelium fragile Nannenga-Bremekamp, 1961
  • Echinostelium minutum De Bary in Rostafinsky, 1874

References


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