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Ecoregions of India

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Ecoregions of India

Because of its size and range of latitude, topography, and climate, India is home to a great diversity of ecoregions, ranging from permanent ice and snow to tropical rainforests. For Regions, see List of regions of India, for Climatic Regions see Climatic regions of India.

The Himalaya, which runs across India's northern tier, is the boundary between two of the Earth's great ecozones — the Palearctic, which covers most of temperate-to-arctic Eurasia, and Indomalaya, which covers most of the Indian subcontinent and extends into Indochina, Sundaland (Malaysia and western Indonesia) and the Philippines.

List of ecoregions in India

Ecozone Biome Ecoregion State
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Andaman Islands rain forests Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests Arunachal Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests Assam
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests Meghalaya
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests Nagaland
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Andhra Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Chhattisgarh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Jharkhand
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Maharashtra
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests Odisha
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests West Bengal
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests Bihar
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests Sikkim
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests Uttar Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests West Bengal
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Assam
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bihar
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Jharkhand
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Odisha
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Tripura
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Uttar Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests West Bengal
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Malabar Coast moist forests Goa
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Malabar Coast moist forests Karnataka
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Malabar Coast moist forests Kerala
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Malabar Coast moist forests Maharashtra
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Malabar Coast moist forests Tamil Nadu
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests Lakshadweep
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Meghalaya subtropical forests Assam
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Meghalaya subtropical forests Meghalaya
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Meghalaya subtropical forests Nagaland
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Assam
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Manipur
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Mizoram
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Nagaland
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Tripura
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Nicobar Islands rain forests Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Daman and Diu
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Goa
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Gujarat
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Karnataka
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Maharashtra
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests North Western Ghats montane rain forests Goa
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests North Western Ghats montane rain forests Gujarat
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests North Western Ghats montane rain forests Karnataka
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests North Western Ghats montane rain forests Maharashtra
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Odisha semi-evergreen forests Andhra Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Odisha semi-evergreen forests Odisha
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Karnataka
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Kerala
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Tamil Nadu
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests South Western Ghats montane rain forests Karnataka
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests South Western Ghats montane rain forests Kerala
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests South Western Ghats montane rain forests Tamil Nadu
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests West Bengal
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bihar
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Delhi
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Haryana
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Himachal Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Rajasthan
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Uttar Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Uttarakhand
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Andhra Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Chhattisgarh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Karnataka
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Maharashtra
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests Bihar
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests Chhattisgarh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests Jharkhand
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests Odisha
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests Uttar Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests West Bengal
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests East Deccan dry-evergreen forests Andhra Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests East Deccan dry-evergreen forests Puducherry
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests East Deccan dry-evergreen forests Tamil Nadu
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Daman and Diu
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Gujarat
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Haryana
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Maharashtra
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Rajasthan
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests Uttar Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests Chhattisgarh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests Gujarat
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests Karnataka
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests Madhya Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests Maharashtra
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests Uttar Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Northern dry deciduous forests Chhattisgarh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests Northern dry deciduous forests Odisha
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Karnataka
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests Tamil Nadu
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Himalayan subtropical pine forests Himachal Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Himalayan subtropical pine forests Jammu and Kashmir
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Himalayan subtropical pine forests Punjab
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Himalayan subtropical pine forests Sikkim
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Himalayan subtropical pine forests Uttar Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Himalayan subtropical pine forests Uttarakhand
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Himalayan subtropical pine forests West Bengal
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests Manipur
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests Nagaland
Indomalayan Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests Arunachal Pradesh
Indomalayan Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests Assam
Indomalayan Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests Nagaland
Indomalayan Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests Sikkim
Indomalayan Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests West Bengal
Indomalayan Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Western Himalayan broadleaf forests Himachal Pradesh
Indomalayan Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Western Himalayan broadleaf forests Jammu and Kashmir
Indomalayan Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Western Himalayan broadleaf forests Punjab
Indomalayan Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Western Himalayan broadleaf forests Uttarakhand
Indomalayan Temperate coniferous forests Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Arunachal Pradesh
Indomalayan Temperate coniferous forests Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Sikkim
Indomalayan Temperate coniferous forests Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests West Bengal
Indomalayan Temperate coniferous forests Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Himachal Pradesh
Indomalayan Temperate coniferous forests Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Jammu and Kashmir
Indomalayan Temperate coniferous forests Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Uttarakhand
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Assam
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bihar
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Uttar Pradesh
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Uttarakhand
Indomalayan Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands West Bengal
Indomalayan Flooded grasslands and savannas Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh Gujarat
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Deccan thorn scrub forests Andhra Pradesh
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Deccan thorn scrub forests Karnataka
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Deccan thorn scrub forests Madhya Pradesh
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Deccan thorn scrub forests Maharashtra
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Deccan thorn scrub forests Tamil Nadu
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Northwestern thorn scrub forests Chandigarh
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Northwestern thorn scrub forests Delhi
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Northwestern thorn scrub forests Gujarat
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Northwestern thorn scrub forests Haryana
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Northwestern thorn scrub forests Himachal Pradesh
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Northwestern thorn scrub forests Jammu and Kashmir
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Northwestern thorn scrub forests Punjab
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Northwestern thorn scrub forests Rajasthan
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Thar desert Gujarat
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Thar desert Haryana
Indomalayan Deserts and xeric shrublands Thar desert Rajasthan
Indomalayan Mangrove Godavari-Krishna mangroves Andhra Pradesh
Indomalayan Mangrove Godavari-Krishna mangroves Odisha
Indomalayan Mangrove Godavari-Krishna mangroves Tamil Nadu
Indomalayan Mangrove Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves Daman and Diu
Indomalayan Mangrove Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves Gujarat
Indomalayan Mangrove Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves Maharashtra
Indomalayan Mangrove Sundarbans mangroves West Bengal
Palearctic Temperate coniferous forests Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Arunachal Pradesh
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Jammu and Kashmir
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Arunachal Pradesh
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Sikkim
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Jammu and Kashmir
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Himachal Pradesh
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Jammu and Kashmir
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Himachal Pradesh
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Uttarakhand

Global 200 ecoregions in India

Main article: Global 200

Terrestrial

External links

  • ECOZONES OF INDIA
  • An article about India's biodiversity
  • Seasons, Climate, Global Warming in India - Reference Links Students Project
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