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Title: Feve  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Cercanías Bilbao, Electro-diesel locomotive, Bilbobus, Veriña, Rail transport in Spain
Collection: Metre Gauge Railways in Spain, Railway Companies of Spain
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Logo of FEVE.
Electric unit 3500, operated by FEVE, arriving at Muros de Nalón station, on its way to Gijón

FEVE (Ferrocarriles de Vía Estrecha,[1] Spanish for "Narrow-gauge railways") was a state-owned Spanish railway company, which operated most of Spain's 1,250 km (777 mi) of metre gauge railway until 2012.


  • History 1
  • FEVE network 2
    • Transcantábrico line 2.1
    • Commuter services 2.2
    • Goods operations 2.3
  • Companies operating former FEVE services 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


FEVE was created in 1965, as a successor to the government-run organization EFE (Explotación de Ferrocarriles por el Estado), which had been taking over failed private railways since 1926. Following the creation in 1941 of RENFE, to which the ownership of all Spanish broad-gauge railways was transferred, EFE had in practice become the operator of a collection of exclusively narrow-gauge lines. The present status of FEVE, as a government-owned commercial company, dates from 1972.

The new company continued to absorb independent railway lines (1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge,[2] 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in),[3] 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in), 914 mm (3 ft) & 750 mm (2 ft 5 12 in)), where the existing concession holders had been unable to be profitable. Most were converted to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge (if not already built in that gauge). However, from 1978 onwards, with the introduction of regionalisation devolution under the new Spanish constitution, FEVE also began transferring responsibility for a number of its operations to the new regional governments. This happened in Catalonia in 1978, in the Valencian Community in 1986, with a part of the Basque network in 1979, and with Majorcan Railways in 1994. That did not occur, however, in the Murcia (autonomous community) region, where the narrow-gauge railway network remained under FEVE control. The above-mentioned EFE (Explotación de Ferrocarriles por el Estado) also operated the local suburbano railway in the town of Madrid. This railway became part of the city's subway Metro de Madrid as its Line 10.

On 31 December 2012 the company disappeared due to the merger of the narrow gauge network FEVE and the broad gauge network RENFE. The infrastructure was transferred to

  • RENFE FEVE website (Spanish)
  • Transcantábrico website (English)

External links

  1. ^ Law 11/1965 of 23 September. Boletín Oficial del Estado Number 230. 25 September 1965 [3] (PDF) (Spanish)
  2. ^ Ferropedia - Compañía del Ferrocarril de Langreo en Asturias
  3. ^ Tranvía de Cartagena a La Unión
  4. ^ "Deja de existir FEVE, cuyo patrimonio de bienes y servicios se repartirá entre Renfe y Adif". Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  5. ^ Renfe FEV website
  6. ^ greenspain extract: "The remaining 650 km to the Atlantic coast are on the network of the FEVE" (Op the Google Map (See [4]) the distance is calculated at 641 km, estimated margin of error 0,5 %).
  7. ^ Openstreetmap File:FEVE-EuskoTren connection in colour.png


See also

Companies operating former FEVE services

FEVE's rails transported approximately 460 million tonnes of goods each year, accounting for a large part of the company's business. The products one may expect to see on board their goods trains include iron, steel and coal, fueling much of the country's industry.

FEVE unit from Santander to Lierganes.

Goods operations

The Bilbao area has a line running from Bilbao's Concordia station to the large town of Balmaseda, calling at local villages and settlements on its way through Biscay, as well as the main towns of Basurto, Sodupe, Aranguren, and Zalla.

FEVE also operated a range of cercanías or commuter services. The main commuter area is Cercanías Asturias, where the dense five line FEVE network was totally integrated with the RENFE lines and works effectively as a regional metro system.

Commuter services

FEVE also operated "normal" regional (express and stopping) services (in sections) from Ferrol to Hendaya (some sections operated now by regional operators). One of the longest regular (non-tourist) FEVE service operated between Leon and Bilbao (a journey of some 7 hours).

An exclusive tourist service operated by FEVE is a 650 km (400 mi)[6] long line, the Transcantábrico, which runs along the entire length of Spain's north coast, and has connected the cities of San Sebastián, Bilbao, Santander, Oviedo and Ferrol to Leon since 1982. Operated as a holiday service, the carriages of the train are furnished with bedrooms, lounges and restaurants and voyages typically last eight days and seven nights.

Transcantábrico line

Transcantábrico in Lierganes station.
FEVE lines in green, Euskotren in yellow and broad gauge lines in red. Transcantábrico line goes all the way from Hendaye to León and Ferrol.

FEVE operated 1,192 km[5] of track, of which 316 km were electrified.

The great majority of the narrow-gauge lines that were operated by FEVE before it disappeared were located along or near Spain's Atlantic Ocean and Bay of Biscay coastline, which stretches from Galicia in the northwest, through Asturias and Cantabria to the Basque Country (with a branch extending into Castile and León). Together they formed a large and strategically important system, which was why – unlike the other, more isolated regional railways – they have been retained under the integrated management of FEVE.

FEVE network


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