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Title: Fico  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Gradient boosting, Credit score in the United States, Business intelligence tools, Big data, InRule Technology
Collection: Business Intelligence, Business Intelligence Companies, Business Software, Business Software Companies, Companies Based in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Companies Established in 1956, Companies Listed on the New York Stock Exchange, Data Mining and MacHine Learning Software, Data Visualization Software, Financial Services Companies Based in California, Financial Services Companies of the United States, Financial Technology Companies, Multinational Companies Headquartered in the United States, Software Companies, Software Companies Based in the San Francisco Bay Area, Statistical Software
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Public company
Traded as NYSE: FICO
Industry Computer
Founded 1956
Headquarters San Jose, California
Area served
Key people
William Lansing, CEO[1]
Bill Fair, co-founder
Earl Isaac, co-founder
Products FICO Score
Services Computer Software
Revenue Increase US$788.99 million (2014)
Increase US$94.88 million (2014)
Total assets Increase US$1.192 billion (2014)
Number of employees
2,646 (2014)
Website .com.ficowww

FICO (NYSE: FICO) is a software company based in San Jose, California and founded by Bill Fair and Earl Isaac in 1956.[2] Its FICO score, a measure of consumer credit risk,[3] has become a fixture of consumer lending in the United States.

In 2013, lenders purchased more than 10 billion FICO scores and about 30 million American consumers accessed their scores themselves.[4]


  • History 1
    • Name changes 1.1
    • Headquarters moves 1.2
  • Acquisitions 2
  • Operations 3
  • FICO score 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


FICO was founded in 1956 as Fair, Isaac and Company by engineer William Fair and mathematician Earl Isaac.[5] The two had met while working at the Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park, California.[6] Selling its first credit scoring system two years after the company's creation,[7] FICO pitched its system to fifty American lenders.[8]

FICO went public in 1986 and is traded on the New York Stock Exchange.[5] The company debuted its first general-purpose FICO score in 1989.[3] Scores are based on credit reports and range from 300 to 850.[3] Lenders use the scores to gauge a potential borrower's creditworthiness.[9]

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac first began using FICO scores to help determine which American consumers qualified for mortgages bought and sold by the companies in 1995.[10]

Name changes

Originally called Fair, Isaac and Company, this name was changed to Fair Isaac Corporation in 2003.[7] The company rebranded again in 2009, and is now called FICO.[11]

Headquarters moves

Originally based in San Rafael, California, FICO moved its headquarters to Minneapolis, Minnesota in 2004.[12] In 2013, it moved back to California and is currently sited in San Jose, California.[13]


  • DynaMark 1992[14]
  • Risk Management Technologies 1997[15]
  • Prevision 1997[16]
  • Nykamp Consulting Group 2001[17]
  • HNC Software 2002[18]
  • NAREX 2003[19]
  • Diversified Healthcare Services 2003[20]
  • Seurat (2003)[21]
  • London Bridge Software 2004[22]
  • Braun Consulting 2004[23]
  • RulesPower 2005[24]
  • Dash Optimization 2008[25]
  • Entiera 2012[26]
  • Adeptra 2012[27]
  • CR Software 2012[28]
  • Infoglide 2013[29]
  • InfoCentricity 2014[30]
  • Karmasphere 2014[31]
  • TONBELLER AG 2015[32]


FICO is headquartered in San Jose, California and has additional US locations in Roseville, Minnesota; San Diego; San Rafael, California; Fairfax, Virginia; New York City and Austin, Texas.[33]

The company has international office locations in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Lithuania, Malaysia, the Philippines, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey and the United Kingdom.[33]

FICO score

A measure of credit risk, FICO scores are available through all of the major consumer reporting agencies in the United States, Mexico and Canada: Equifax;[34] Experian;[34] TransUnion;[34] PRBC.[35]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^
  7. ^ a b History FICO Official Site
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ FICO Unveils New Ticker Symbol on New York Stock Exchange FICO Official Site
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^ a b
  34. ^ a b c Credit Reporting Agencies FICO Official Site
  35. ^ Fair Isaac and PRBC Team Up to Enhance Credit Risk Tools Used by Mortgage Industry FICO Official Site

External links

  • Official website
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