Fairfield County State Marshal

Connecticut State Marshals
Patch of the Connecticut State Marshals.
Badge of the Connecticut State Marshals.
Agency overview
Formed 2000
Preceding agency Connecticut County Sheriffs
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Connecticut, USA
Legal jurisdiction State of Connecticut
Governing body State of Connecticut
General nature
  • Law enforcement
  • Civilian police
Operational structure
Headquarters Hartford, Connecticut
Marshals 265[1]
Parent agency Executive Branch commission
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Connecticut State Marshals are peace officers[2] in the state of Connecticut. They are authorized by the state as "an essential part of implementing the constitutional rights of individuals to access to courts and due remedies."[3]


Sheriffs existed in Connecticut prior to the adoption of its first constitution in 1818.[4] Following several corruption scandals involving sheriffs,[5] Article IV, Section 25 of the 1965 Constitution of the State of Connecticut, which specified the election of county sheriffs, was repealed in 2000.[6] The sheriffs were replaced with the State Marshal System[7] and Judicial Marshals.[8]

The sheriffs in Connecticut had several powers and duties under Connecticut statutes: deputy sheriffs received and executed process, and special deputy sheriffs handled transportation of prisoners and courthouse security.[9] With the abolition of sheriffs, the special deputies and their direct judicial functions were absorbed into the Judicial Branch as Judicial Marshals,[10] and the deputy sheriffs with their civil functions became the State Marshals.[11]


The State Marshall System consists of an eight-member State Marshal Commission, appointed for a three-year term, which sets training requirements and professional standards amongst other things;[7] a 24-member Advisory Board – marshals elected by other marshals for one year – for communicating with the branches of government and discussing law changes and issues important to marshals;[12] and over 200 State Marshals, allocated by county.[1][5][13] Two members of the advisory board also sit ex officio on the commission.[7][12] The State Marshal System is a function of the executive branch of state government, although it is also publicized by the judicial branch.[1]

Connecticut State Marshals are not state employees: they are private contractors paid by the person or business that hires them. They are authorized by the state to perform certain duties and services, and their fees are governed by state law,[14] although the Judicial Branch can arrange a fee waiver in certain circumstances.[3]


Current duties and services State Marshals perform include, but are not limited to, serving process in civil matters (including mandatory[15] serving of restraining orders);[3] serving bench warrants; claiming monies or property in enforcing judgments; evictions; and arresting individuals in child custody matters.[3][16]


Connecticut State Marshals have a warrant unit made up of approximately 25 State- or POST-certified uniformed officers. They are provided unmarked and marked vehicles by the State of Connecticut, generally kept at local State Police barracks.

See also


External links

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