World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Federation, Action for the Republic

Article Id: WHEBN0002770835
Reproduction Date:

Title: Federation, Action for the Republic  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Chadian parliamentary election, 2011, Political parties in Chad, Action for Renewal of Chad, National Democratic and Social Convention, People's Movement for Democracy in Chad
Collection: Political Parties in Chad
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Federation, Action for the Republic

Federation, Action for the Republic (French: Fédération, action pour la république, FAR/Parti Fédération) is a political party in Chad. It is considered a radical opposition party and is led by Ngarlejy Yorongar. The FAR supports federalism.[1]

In the 1997 parliamentary election, the FAR won one seat in the National Assembly.[1][2][3] Yorongar was the only FAR candidate to win a seat.[3]

Its candidate for the 20 May 2001 presidential election, Yorongar, has been a prominent critic of the Chad-Cameroon pipeline. According to official results, he won 396,864 votes or 6.35%.[4] Six opposition candidates were detained on May 30 after contesting the results. Yorongar was tortured, along with Abderhamane Djesnebaye, including by being beaten with iron bars.[5]

In the parliamentary election held on 21 April 2002, the party won 10 out of 155 seats.[6][7]

The FAR was the only major opposition party to not sign an agreement on August 13, 2007 that provided for improved electoral organization ahead of the next parliamentary election, now planned for 2009. Yorongar criticized the agreement as inadequate and said that there should instead be a dialogue involving the entire political scene, including rebels, the exiled opposition, and civil society, and that a credible election could not be conducted while a rebellion was taking place in part of the country.[8]


  1. ^ a b Political Parties of the World (6th edition, 2005), ed. Bogdan Szajkowski, page 118.
  2. ^ IPU-PARLINE page on 2002 parliamentary election.
  4. ^ Elections in Chad, African Elections Database.
  5. ^ "Chad: Violent crackdown on peaceful protesters", Amnesty International, June 12, 2001.
  6. ^ IPU-PARLINE page on 2002 parliamentary election.
  7. ^ List of members of the Federation Parliamentary Group, May 2002.
  8. ^ "Tchad: l'opposant Yorongar refuse de perdre du temps à signer un accord vain", AFP (, August 14, 2007 (French).

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.