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Fritz Frauenheim

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Fritz Frauenheim

Fritz Frauenheim
File:Fritz Frauenheim.jpg
Born (1912-03-09)9 March 1912
Berlin-Friedenau
Died 28 September 1969(1969-09-28) (aged 57)
Hamburg
Allegiance  Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Reichsmarine
 Kriegsmarine
Years of service 1930–1945
Rank Fregattenkapitän
Unit 2nd U-boat Flotilla
1st U-boat Flotilla
7th U-boat Flotilla
23rd U-boat Flotilla
29th U-boat Flotilla
Commands held German submarine U-21 (19362), 1 October 1937 - 6 January 1940
U-101, 11 March 1940 - 18 November 1940
Awards Spanish Cross
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Other work Oil industry

Fritz Frauenheim (9 January 1912 - 28 September 1969) was a German U-boat commander of the Second World War. From September 1939 until retiring from front line service in December 1940, he sank 19 ships for a total of 78,853 gross register tons (GRT), and damaged two others. For this he received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes), among other commendations. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Early life

Frauenheim was born in Berlin-Friedenau on 9 March 1912. He entered the navy and spent his initial training on the cadet ship Schleswig-Holstein, followed by a period on the light cruiser Karlsruhe. He was transferred to the U-boat force in January 1936 and rose quickly through the ranks and on 1 April 1939 he was promoted to Kapitänleutnant.[1] He appears to have spent time with the German forces supporting the Spanish Nationalist forces during the Spanish Civil War, as he was awarded the Spanish Cross on 6 June 1939.[1]

Wartime career

Frauenheim had been made watch officer on U-25 in 1938, eventually spending over a year in this role, until October 1939.[1] He was appointed to command U-21 on 1 October 1937, eventually carrying out five patrols, eventually sinking four merchant ships. He also laid mines, one of which damaged HMS Belfast on 21 November, putting her out of action for nearly three years.[1] The Bayonet was sunk by one of U-21’s mines on 21 December.[1]

Frauenheim left U-21 on 6 January 1940, taking over command of the newly built U-101 on 11 March 1940. He commissioned the boat and took her on four successful patrols. He sank a total of 12 ships, including three sunk and one damaged from convoy SC-7.[1] He left U-101 on 18 November 1940 and became a teacher in the 2nd ULD. He went on to hold a number of staff positions, before taking command of 23rd U-boat Flotilla in the Mediterranean in September 1941. In 1942 he moved to command 29th U-boat Flotilla. On 1 March 1943 he was promoted to Korvettenkapitän.[1] In February 1944 Frauenheim joined the staff of the Admiral der Kleinkampfverbände (Admiral of Midget Assault Units), where he remained for the rest of the war. He was again promoted, this time to Fregattenkapitän on 1 December 1944.[1]

Post war

After the end of the war Frauenheim spent eight months in Allied captivity before being released.[1] Frauenheim for almost 20 years until his death worked at the Mobil Oil AG in the Federal Republic of Germany. His last position was a member of the board and head of the department of Marine Transportation and Pipelines.[2] He died in Hamburg on 28 September 1969, aged 57.

Summary of career

Ships attacked

As a U-boat commander of U-21 and U-101 Fritz Frauenheim is credited with the sinking of 18 ships for a total of 78,248 gross register tons (GRT), further damaging one ship of 4,166 GRT, sinking one auxiliary warship of 605 metric tons (595 long tons; 667 short tons), and damaging one warship of 11,500 metric tons (11,300 long tons; 12,700 short tons).

Date U-boat Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[3]
21 November 1939 U-21 HMS Belfast  UK 11,500 Damaged (mine)
1 December 1939 U-21 Mercator  Finland 4,620 Sunk
21 December 1939 U-21 Carl Henckel  Sweden 1,352 Sunk
21 December 1939 U-21 HMS Bayonet  UK 605 Sunk (mine)
21 December 1939 U-21 Mars  Sweden 1,475 Sunk
31 January 1940 U-21 Vidar  Denmark 1,353 Sunk
24 February 1940 U-21 Royal Archer  UK 2,266 Sunk (mine)
26 May 1940 U-101 Stanhall  UK 4,831 Sunk
31 May 1940 U-101 Orangemoor  UK 5,775 Sunk
2 June 1940 U-101 Polycarp  UK 3,577 Sunk
11 June 1940 U-101 Mount Hymettus  Greece 5,820 Sunk
12 June 1940 U-101 Earlspark  UK 5,250 Sunk
14 June 1940 U-101 Antonis Georgandis  Greece 3,557 Sunk
16 June 1940 U-101 Wellington Star  UK 13,212 Sunk
19 August 1940 U-101 Ampleforth  UK 4,576 Sunk
28 August 1940 U-101 Elle  Finland 3,868 Sunk
1 September 1940 U-101 Efploia  Greece 3,867 Sunk
12 October 1940 U-101 Saint-Malo  Canada 5,799 Sunk
18 October 1940 U-101 Blairspey  UK 4,155 Damaged
18 October 1940 U-101 Creekirk  UK 3,917 Sunk
19 October 1940 U-101 Assyrian  UK 2,962 Sunk
19 October 1940 U-101 Soesterberg  Netherlands 1,904 Sunk

Awards

References in the Wehrmachtbericht

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Monday, 17 June 1940 Ein Unterseeboot unter Führung des Kapitänleutnants Frauenheim meldet die Versenkung von 41 500 BRT Schiffsraum, darunter den britischen Dampfer "Wellington Star" von 11 400 BRT.[8] A submarine under the command of Lieutenant Frauenheim reports the sinking of 41 500 tons of shipping, including the British steamer "Wellington Star" of 11 400 tons.
Saturday, 19 October 1940 ... An diesen Erfolgen ist das unter Führung des Kapitänleutnants Frauenheim stehende Unterseeboot mit zehn Dampfern von 51 000 BRT, das Unterseeboot des Kapitänleutnants Kretschmer mit sieben Dampfern von 45 000 BRT, das Unterseeboot des Kapitänleutnants Moehle mit sieben Dampfern von 44 050 BRT beteiligt.[9] The submarines led by Lieutenant Frauenheim contributed with ten steamships of 51 000 tons, the submarine of Lieutenant Kretschmer with seven steamships of 45 000 tons, the submarine of Lieutenant Moehle with seven steamships of 44 050 tons, to these successes.

References

Citations
Bibliography

External links

  • Frauenheim's life and career (German)
Military offices
Preceded by
Kapitänleutnant Werner Jacobsen
Commander of the 4th U-boat Flotilla
July 1942
Succeeded by
Fregattenkapitän Heinz Fischer
Preceded by
Korvettenkapitän Franz Becker
Commander of the 29th U-boat Flotilla
May 1942 – July 1943
Succeeded by
Korvettenkapitän Gunter Jahn
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