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Gauliga Elsaß

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Gauliga Elsaß

For the main article, see Gauliga
Gauliga Elsaß
Founded
1940
Disbanded
1945
Nation
Nazi Germany
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Region
Alsace
Gau
Baden
Number of Seasons
5
Replaced by
territory returned to France
Level on Pyramid
Level 1
Domestic Cup
Tschammerpokal
Last Champions 1943-44
FC Mülhausen 93

The Gauliga Elsaß was the highest football league in the region of Alsace (German: Elsaß, old orthography of Elsass) from 1940 to 1945. The Nazis reorganised the administrative region and the Alsace became part of the Gau Baden.

Overview

The league was introduced in 1940, after the French defeat and the German annexation of the Alsace region. The Alsace region was traditionally disputed between the two countries and had last been part of the German Empire from 1871 to 1918, with its football clubs playing in the German league system then.

The Gauliga Elsaß was established with sixteen clubs in two groups of eight, all from the Alsace region. The two group winners then played a home-and-away final to determined the Alsace champion and the team entering the German championship.

The league was reduced to one single group of twelve teams in the 1941-42 season with the bottom four teams relegated. The season after, it operated with ten clubs and two relegated teams. This modus remained in place for the 1943-44 season.

In late 1944, the Alsace region became part of the frontline and its doubtful whether the 1944-45 season was even able to get under way. The league was scheduled to have two groups, a northern one with five and a southern one with six clubs.

After the region had been completely reoccupied by allied forces, Strasbourg being retaken on 22 November 1944, the Alsace and its football clubs returned to France with the top club, the RC Strasbourg, reentering the French first division in 1945.

Founding members of the league

The sixteen founding members in 1940 were split into two groups. All clubs came from the French league system an are still active as of 2008, unless stated otherwise:[1][2]

  • Group 1:
  • Rasen SC Straßburg, finished 10th in Ligue 1 as RC Strasbourg, reverted to their original name in 1940
  • SC Schiltigheim, was Sporting Club Schiltigheim, reverted to their original name in 1940
  • SG SS Straßburg, was SC Red-Star Strasbourg, reverted to their original name in 1940
  • FC Hagenau, was FC Haguenau, reverted to their original name in 1940
  • FK Mars Bischheim, was CS Mars 1905 Bischheim, reverted to their original name in 1940
  • SV 06 Schlettstadt, was SC Sélestat, reverted to their original name in 1940
  • SV Straßburg, was Association Sportive de Strasbourg, reverted to their original name in 1940
  • FC Bischweiler, FC Bischwiller, reverted to their original name in 1940
  • Group 2:
  • FC Mülhausen 93, finished 7th in Ligue 2 as FC de Mulhouse, reverted to their original name in 1940
  • SpVgg Kolmar, finished 5th in Ligue 2 as SR Colmar, reverted to their original name in 1940
  • FC Wittenheim, Union Sportive Wittenheim, reverted to their old name in 1940
  • FC Kolmar, FC Colmar, reverted to their old name in 1940, renamed FC Colmar in 1945, and Stade de Colmar 77 in 1977 ; club disbanded in June 1986
  • ASV Mülhausen, was Cercle Athlétique Mulhousien, reverted to their original name in 1940, renamed Association Sportive Mulhousienne in 1945
  • SpVgg Dornach, was FC Dornach, reverted to their old name in 1940
  • SV Wittelsheim, was Association Sportive des Colonies Amélie Wittelsheim, reverted to their original name in 1940
  • FC St. Ludwig, was FC Saint-Louis, reverted to their old name in 1940, renamed FC Saint-Louis in 1945, merged with FC Neuweg in 1990
  • All clubs had to either Germanise their name or, if formed before 1918, revert to their original German name.

Winners and runners-up of the Gauliga Elsaß

Season Winner Runner-Up
1940-41 FC Mülhausen 93 Rasen SC Straßburg
1941-42 SG SS Straßburg Rasen SC Straßburg
1942-43 FC Mülhausen 93 Rasen SC Straßburg
1943-44 FC Mülhausen 93 SG SS Straßburg

Placings in the Gauliga Elsaß 1940-44

Club 1941 1942 1943 1944
FC Mühlhausen 93 1 4 1 1
SpVgg Kolmar 2 3 4 4
FC Wittenheim 3 12
FC Kolmar 4 8 8 7
ASV Mühlhausen 5
SpVgg Mühlhausen-Dornach 6 11
SV Wittelsheim 7
FC St. Ludwig 8
Rasen SC Straßburg 1 2 2 6
SC Schiltigheim 2 5 5 8
SG SS Straßburg 3 1 3 2
FC Hagenau 4 7 6 5
Mars Bischheim 5 6 10
SV 06 Schlettstadt 6 7 10
SV Straßburg 7
FC Bischweiler 8
TSV Schweighausen 9 9
Stern Mühlhausen 10
FV Walk 9
FC Hüningen 3

Source:

References

Sources

  • Die deutschen Gauligen 1933-45 - Heft 1-3 (German) Tables of the Gauligas 1933-45, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Collectif, 100 ans de football en Alsace (French) (5 vol.), Strasbourg, LAFA, 2002, ISBN 2-911219-13-9

External links

  • (German) The Gauligas Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv
  • Germany - Championships 1902-1945 at RSSSF.com
  • Where's My Country? - French clubs in the German football structure 1940-1944 Article on cross-border movements of football clubs, at RSSSF.com
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