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General Belgrano II

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General Belgrano II

Belgrano II Base
Belgrano II Base
Belgrano II Base
Location of Belgrano II Base within Antarctica
General information
Location Coats Land
Coordinates

77°52′S 34°38′W / 77.867°S 34.633°W / -77.867; -34.633Coordinates: 77°52′S 34°38′W / 77.867°S 34.633°W / -77.867; -34.633

Elevation 250 m (820 ft)
Current tenants 19 (October 2010)

Belgrano II is an Argentine scientific research station in Antarctica located at 77°52′S 34°37′W / 77.867°S 34.617°W / -77.867; -34.617

History

In 1955, General Hernan Pujato founded the first Belgrano station, remaining for years as the southernmost base. On February 5, 1979 the Belgrano II was opened as replacement of the previous base. A third base, Belgrano III worked from 1980 to 1984, but the second one is the only one running, and its as of 2010 the southernmost permanent Argentine base on the continent.

Although maintained by the Argentine Armed Forces, as all Argentine bases on Antarctica, it is operated by the civilian agency Instituto Antartico Argentino ( English: Argentine Antarctic Institute ). As of 2010, the base has a 19 men crew which two are Air Force meteorologists, three are DNA civilian researchers and the rest is Argentine Army personnel in charge of operating the base.

During the repairs of the Argentine Navy icebreaker ARA Almirante Irízar which is normally used to supply the base, the Argentine Air Force take over the task with airdrops by KC-130 Hercules aircraft in a non-stop flight from Ushuaia in Tierra del Fuego [1]

Background

One of the main features of the base is that as a result of its latitude, both day and night are four months long and the night sky has the usual aurora australis. The temperature is between 5 and 48 C below zero.

Climate

Climate data for Belgrano II Base
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
−3.9
(25)
−8.6
(16.5)
−13.2
(8.2)
−15.3
(4.5)
−15.7
(3.7)
−16.1
(3)
−16.1
(3)
−15.5
(4.1)
−12.4
(9.7)
−4.9
(23.2)
−0.2
(31.6)
−10.11
(13.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−6.9
(19.6)
−11.4
(11.5)
−16.3
(2.7)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−18.8
(−1.8)
−16.1
(3)
−8.8
(16.2)
−3.5
(25.7)
−13.46
(7.78)
Average low °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−10.3
(13.5)
−14.8
(5.4)
−19.9
(−3.8)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−20.7
(−5.3)
−12.9
(8.8)
−7.1
(19.2)
−17.31
(0.84)
Avg. snowy days 13 14 13 13 11 10 12 12 11 12 11 11 143
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[2]

Activities

See also

References

Portions based on a translation from Spanish World Heritage Encyclopedia.

  • Council Of Managers Of National Antarctic Programs

External links

  • Belgrano II official page at Argentine Army website
  • (Spanish) video news report about KC-130 airdrops resupply
  • (English) Official website Direccion National del Antartico
  • (Spanish) Belgrano II Base (Fundaciòn Marambio)
  • COMNAP Antarctic Facilities
  • COMNAP Antarctic Facilities Map

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