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Glodok

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Title: Glodok  
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Subject: Chinatowns in Asia, Jakarta, Discrimination against Chinese Indonesians, Taman Sari (Jakarta), Chinatown
Collection: Administrative Villages of Jakarta, Areas of Jakarta, Chinatowns in Asia
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Glodok

Chap Goh Mei celebration in Glodok.

Glodok (Chinese: 裹踱刻) is a part of Jakarta, Indonesia. The area is also known as Pecinan or Chinatown since the Dutch colonial era, and is considered the biggest in Indonesia, as a majority of the traders in Glodok are of Chinese descent.

Nowadays the area is known as one of the biggest center for electronics in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Contents

  • Toponomy 1
  • History 2
    • Early 2.1
    • Glodok and Jakarta Riots 2.2
  • Chinatown 3
  • Shopping 4
    • List of Shopping Centres 4.1
  • Transport 5
  • Gallery 6
  • See also 7
  • External links 8
  • References 9

Toponomy

The word Glodok came from the Sundanese word "Golodog", meaning entrance to a house, as Sunda Kalapa (Jakarta) is the gateway to the ancient Sundanese Kingdom. It was also thought that the name came from the "grojok grojok" sound that water makes coming out of a waterspout in the yard of the Cityhall (Stadhuis), now the Jakarta Museum. A waterspout was built on this site in 1743 and was used for daily needs such as a watering hole for horses.[1]

History

Glodok in 1953.

Early

In Batavia (now Jakarta), Dutch colonialism created commercial opportunities which attracted immigrants from many areas of what is now Indonesia. This economic activity also lured thousands of Chinese people to Java. Swift immigration challenged the city's limited infrastructure and created burdens on the city. Tensions grew as the colonial government tried to restrict Chinese migration through deportations.

Glodok and Jakarta Riots

On 9 October 1740, 5,000 Chinese were massacred and the following year, Chinese inhabitants were ghettoized in Glodok outside the city walls.[2] In 1998, Glodok was badly scarred during rioting. Because some "Pribumi" Indonesians accused Chinese Indonesians of hoarding the nation's wealth, and because of the large concentration of Chinese Indonesians residing there, Glodok suffered severe violence during the Jakarta Riots of May 1998.

Chinatown

Old Chinese style houses in Glodok
Jin De Yuan Temple.
This 2006 photo of Glodok shows a sign opposing the Falun Gong.
Chinatown gate in Mangga Dua.

As shopping center, most of the vendors in Glodok are Chinese Indonesian. Glodok is the biggest Chinatown area in Indonesia, and one of the biggest Chinatowns in the world. The Chinese came to Jakarta since the 17th century as traders and laborers. Most of them came from Fujian and Guangdong provinces in southern China. Centered on Pintu Besar Selatan Road, it has become a commercial hub for the relatively prosperous Chinese community. Assimilation between Chinese and pribumi made a language known as Betawi language. Administratively, the area is a kelurahan under the Taman Sari subdistrict, West Jakarta.

In 2006, practitioners of [3]

There are number of main Buddhist temples in Glodok.

Shopping

Glodok and contiguos of Mangga Dua are one of the biggest shopping centre in southeast Asia. It stretches from Pancoran street to Gunung Sahari street and has approximately 500,000 m2 of shopping centres. Beside sale of electronic consumer goods, Glodok is the biggest market for CD and DVD cassettes.

List of Shopping Centres

  • Harco Glodok
  • Orion Plaza
  • Glodok Jaya
  • Glodok Makmur
  • Glodok Brustru
  • Metro Glodok
  • Hwi Lindeteves
  • Lindeteves Trade Centre
  • Pasar Pagi market

Transport

There are many bus services provided by TransJakarta, PPD, Mayasari Bakti, and city transport. TransJakarta stops at the Glodok bus stop. Visitors can also travel to Glodok by taxi and KRL Jabotabek. The rail system stops at the Jakarta Kota Station, 200 metres north of the market. Bicycles or Ojek Sepeda are also common transport in Glodok.

Gallery

See also

External links

  • 'Jakarta's Battered Chinatown Stages a Comeback'
  • Buddhist temples in Jakarta

References

  1. ^ Dari ”Grojok” Menjadi Glodok
  2. ^ Witton, Patrick (2003). Indonesia. Melbourne: Lonely Planet. pp. 138–139.  
  3. ^ Falun Gong in Jakarta - Indonesia Matters

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