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Pennsylvania 400

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Pennsylvania 400 400
Venue Pocono Raceway in Long Pond, Pennsylvania
Sponsor Bowling Proprietors' Association of America
First race 1974
Distance 400 miles (643.737 km)
Laps 160
Previous names Pennsylvania 500 (1971–1972, 1974, 1997–2007)
Acme 500 (1973)
Purolator 500 (1974–1976)
Coca-Cola 500 (1977–1980)
Mountain Dew 500 (1981–1982)
Like Cola 500 (1983–1984)
Summer 500 (1985–1987)
AC Spark Plug 500 (1988–1990)
Miller Genuine Draft 500 (1991–1995)
Miller 500 (1996)
Sunoco Red Cross Pennsylvania 500 (2008–2010)
Good Sam RV Insurance 500 (2011)
Pennsylvania 400 (2012)

The 400 is the second of two NASCAR Sprint Cup Series stock car races held at the Pocono Raceway in Long Pond, Pennsylvania, the other being the Pocono 400. Starting in 2007, the race was moved from its traditional July date into August, swapping dates with the Brickyard 400.

In 2008, Sunoco, the official NASCAR fuel supplier, based in Pennsylvania, and the Philadelphia region of the American Red Cross, agreed to sponsorship of the race and charity events to benefit the American Red Cross South Pennsylvania-Philadelphia region.[1] It marked the first time since 1996 that the event carried a title sponsor. Camping World took over title sponsorship of sponsorship through its Good Sam Club in 2011.[2] The race was a 500-mile (800 km), 200 lap event from its inception in 1974, through the 2011 race. On August 10, 2011, it was announced that both Pocono races would be shortened to 400 miles (640 km), beginning in 2012.[3]

The Bowling Proprietors' Association of America, through its marketing arm Strike Ten Entertainment, signed a two-year contract with the circuit to be entitlement sponsor starting in 2013.


  • Notable moments 1
  • Past winners 2
    • Multiple winners (drivers) 2.1
    • Multiple winners (teams) 2.2
    • Manufacturer wins 2.3
  • Television broadcasters 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Notable moments

  • The 1974 ACME Super Saver 500 was run on April 24, 1974. Buddy Baker won the pole and Ron Keselowski won the race. Keselowski is the brother of Bob and uncle of Brad (Bob's son).
  • 1974: NASCAR shortened its races in the first half of 1974 due to the energy crisis; the crisis had passed and in July races, including Pocono, were put back to their full distance. Additionally, Pocono was not listed on the original 1974 NASCAR schedule; a 300-mile (480 km) race at Trenton Speedway was listed in several issues of Stock Car Racing magazine, notably the magazine's June 1974 issue. The Trenton date was subsequently switched to Pocono.
  • Pocono broke 40 official lead changes in seven of the first nine NASCAR-sanctioned Pennsylvania 500s (1975–77, 1979–80, 1982–83).
  • 1975: David Pearson's win came amid controversy; his Mercury, sponsored by race sponsor Purolator filters, was leaking oil in the form of smoke throughout the race's final ten laps but NASCAR waited until two laps to go to wave a black flag at him, by which time it was too late, since drivers are allowed to stay out for three laps before heeding a black flag. Under current NASCAR rules, if a black flag is waved within the final five laps (offside (illegal pass before crossing start-finish line on start or restart), out of bounds (below double yellow line on restrictor plate tracks or cutting a chicane), or inappropriate driving), and the driver does not respond, he will be assessed a time penalty that will be calculated into final results (often a penalty that moves the driver to the last car on the lap they were running, or a lap penalty).
  • 1976: The next year, 1976, Pearson led 14 times for 124 laps but blew a tire with two to go, giving Petty the win. Bobby Allison, nursing injuries sustained in a short track crash in Elko, MN weeks earlier, battled for the lead in the first 40 laps but during a pitstop took off with unsecured left side tires; they fell off in the track's Tunnel Turn. The lead changed 47 times among eight drivers.
  • 1979: The 1979 running saw the most lead changed (56) in track history as rain postponed the race from Sunday to Monday. Dale Earnhardt suffered serious injuries on Lap 93 when his Chevrolet shot into the boilerplate wall in Turn Two. Darrell Waltrip, driving an Al Rudd Chevrolet after he crashed in Saturday practice and the DiGard team couldn't use a backup car, pitted under a late yellow for tires, dropping him from third to seventh; the race never restarted and Waltrip's pitstop cost him 19 points; he would lose the 1979 season championship by 11 points. (Currently, if a caution period exists with two laps remaining, the race a two-lap sprint; if during the first two-lap sprint a caution period occurs during the first lap, there will be a second attempt; if it occurs during the first lap again, a third attempt will be made. At any time during the third attempt there is a caution, the race is over.)
  • 1980: Neil Bonnett escaped with the win on the final lap as Buddy Baker forearmed alongside up high but Cale Yarborough pushed Bonnett into the lead and Baker and Cale banged together. The lead changed 50 times among ten drivers. Meanwhile Richard Petty crashed on lap 56 from contact with Chuck Brown. Darrell Waltrip T-boned Petty after spinning out at the same time. Petty broke his neck but because he didn't want to be sidelined he hid his injury for months until an x-ray taken of him 4 weeks later found that the injury deteriorated over time. This resulted in officials making drivers be cleared by doctors after any kind of wreck no matter how hard the impacts are.
  • 1982: Dale Earnhardt's chest injury in 1979 was followed by a leg injury in a tumble in Turn One with Tim Richmond; the crash pierced the boilerplate retaining wall, requiring 40 laps under caution to repair. The race was a ferocious affair as the lead changed 46 times and on several laps changed three times in one lap. Richard Petty ran low on gas in the final laps and Darrell Waltrip ran out on the final lap, securing the win for Bobby Allison.
  • 1986: Richmond won the Pennsylvania 500 in 1983 and 1986; in 1986 he was involved in a crash in Turn Two with Morgan Shepherd spun in the Tunnel Turn and several cars plowed into the scene; Bonnett slid into the inside guardrail, flopped onto his side, and landed on four wheels.
  • 1989: The track's boilerplate wall was pierced three times in 1989 - in June Geoff Bodine broke his leg (and didn't find this out until days later) in Turn One; in July Jimmy Horton pierced the wall in Turn Two; during the lengthy yellow for repairs a jack rabbit got onto the speedway near the start-finish line; it escaped initial attempt at capture by the track safety crew but was caught unharmed minutes later and released into the nearby forest. Later in the race in One Greg Sacks and Lake Speed hammered the wall in One and Sacks took a wild tumble reminiscent of Earnhardt's 1982 flip. The boilerplate was replaced by concrete in 1990. Geoff Bodine and Rusty Wallace battled on and off throughout the 500, but Bill Elliott ran both down in the final 20 laps; Bodine spun out of second with 15 to go, then with seven to go Wallace skidded through the Tunnel Turn and Elliott took the win, tying him with Richmond for most wins at Pocono.
  • 1990: Bodine won the Pennsylvania 500 twice, in 1990 driving for Junior Johnson and in 1994 driving the car formerly owned by Alan Kulwicki. His 1990 win came in a spirited contest; the lead changed four times on Lap 117 between Bodine and Davey Allison and three times on Lap 180 between Bodine, Allison, and Rusty Wallace.
  • 1995: Dale Jarrett scored his first win for Robert Yates in the 1995 race; he won it again in 1997. The 1995 running was the most competitive (37 lead changes among 13 drivers) since 1983 and once again the lead changed twice a lap on several laps.
  • 2000: Jeremy Mayfield who won in June at Pocono, was well on his to a season sweep of Pocono in 2000. He and teammate Rusty Wallace were battling for the lead in the final laps, when on the final lap, Mayfield blew a tire going into the tunnel turn, allowing Wallace to squirt by and score the upset.
  • 2002: Bill Elliott became Pocono's first five-time winner. This race is also memorable for a wreck on the first lap, when Steve Park and Dale Earnhardt, Jr. were sent into an old highway guardrail barrier on the straightaway, causing Park to flip violently. The race was shortened by 25 laps due to darkness caused by the repairs from the Park accident and a lengthy rain delay.
  • 2006: The rookie of the year Denny Hamlin wowed the NASCAR world by winning the race after a good performing year; to sweep both Pocono races in 2006. It is his second NASCAR Cup series win. Meanwhile Hamlin's teammate, Tony Stewart was the center of controversy because he got some contact with a rookie, Clint Bowyer, flipped Bowyer the finger and then intentionally crashed Bowyer collecting Carl Edwards. As a punishment Tony Stewart was held multiple laps down and stripped of 25 points.
  • 2007: Kurt Busch dominated the 2007 race, leading a race record 175 laps. It was the final Pocono race before the debut of NASCAR's Car of Tomorrow. In this race it is remembered for the fact that Robby Gordon was disqualified by NASCAR for his actions the previous day at the NBS race at Montreal. Robby Gordon Motorsports' backup driver, P. J. Jones took his place in the No. 7 chevy.
  • 2009: Denny Hamlin won the 2009 running after rain postponed the race from Sunday to Monday. Pocono had debuted NASCAR's double-file restart rule in June; in August it helped Hamlin gain positions with the leaders sometimes racing four abreast.
  • 2010: Greg Biffle took two tires on the race's final pit stop to grab the lead; his victory snapped a 64-race winless streak. It also came in the first Cup race following a plane crash that left team owner Jack Roush hospitalized.[6] Elliott Sadler, a day removed from winning the Camping World Trucks Series debut at Pocono, was involved in an violent melee also involving Kurt Busch; Sadler was spun out and punched the inside guardrail so savagely it ripped the engine out of his car and threw it several hundred feet (the crash was only caught on camera partially as ESPN cameras were trained on Busch). Minutes after the accident it was declared NASCAR's hardest wreck in history. The race itself began with a 100-lap period under green during which Jimmie Johnson put half the field a lap down, but a caution at Lap 124 set up a wild second half with several bouts of four-abreast racing up front. It marked the first Cup win of 2010 for Ford, and the first since Jamie McMurray won at Talladega for Roush on November 1, 2009 in the 26 car.
  • 2011: Brad Keselowski, after being in a horrible testing crash at Road Atlanta earlier in the week, breaking his left foot and hurting his right foot and back as a result, held off Kyle Busch over the final 19 laps to win his second race of 2011. The race was almost called after 124 laps due to rain, but was restarted. On the final lap Jimmie Johnson and Kurt Busch made contact on the backstretch when Johnson drove into him. The two exchanged heat in an argument on pit road after the race.
  • 2012: Tragedy marred the first 400-mile (640 km) August Pocono race, shortened by rain; a heavy thunderstorm ended the race well short of the distance and lightning struck the northern parking lot; one spectator was killed and nearly a dozen others injured.[7][8] Rain had delayed the start some two hours,[9] and Denny Hamlin fought with pole-sitter Juan Pablo Montoya for the lead. Jimmie Johnson would lead the most laps, but would wreck with Matt Kenseth on Lap 91, giving Jeff Gordon the victory, as well as his sixth victory at Pocono, the most at the track.[10]
  • 2013: The new Generation 6 car saw a very competitive race with 27 lead changes among 14 drivers. Jimmie Johnson won the pole, and dominated the first quarter of the race, but he ended up slipping to the back of the pack and a 13th place finish after cutting a right front tire and hitting the outside wall on lap 78. Johnson was not alone, as David Stremme and David Gilliland also had right front tire troubles. Kasey Kahne dominated the second half of the race, leading 66 laps, and had built up a 7.5 second lead on teammate Jeff Gordon when a debris caution came out on lap 149, erasing Kahne's lead. Gordon managed to take the lead from Kahne on the next restart and led until Matt Kenseth spun to bring out another caution. On the resulting restart, Kahne retook the lead from Gordon and held off Gordon for the last two laps to win his second race of the season.
  • 2014: A 13 car wreck broke out on lap 117 when Denny Hamlin spun in the entrance to the Long Pond Straightaway and cars behind him tried to check up. June race winner Dale Earnhardt, Jr. took the lead with 14 laps to go and managed to build a 3.5 second lead over Kevin Harvick before a caution came out after Kurt Busch cut a tire. Despite the caution, he narrowly held off Harvick over a four lap shootout to complete the first Pocono sweep since Hamlin's 2006 sweep. It was Earnhardt, Jr.'s first sweep of a track in Sprint Cup competition since sweeping both Talladega races in 2002.

Past winners

Year Date Driver Team Manufacturer Race Distance Race Time Average Speed
Laps Miles (km)
NASCAR/USAC (points race for United States Auto Club stock car class)
1971 Sept 19 Butch Hartman Hartman's White & Autocar Dodge 200 500 (804.672) 4:28:02 116.76 Report
1972 July 30 Roger McCluskey Norm Nelson Plymouth 200 500 (804.672) 3:56:15 126.981 Report
1973 July 29 Richard Petty Petty Enterprises Dodge 200 500 (804.672) 3:45:56 132.781 Report
1974 April 27 Ron Keselowski Robert Keselowski Dodge 200 500 (804.672) 3:49:44 130.577 Report
1974 August 4 Richard Petty Petty Enterprises Dodge 192* 480 (772.485) 4:09:09 115.593 Report
1975 August 3 David Pearson Wood Brothers Racing Mercury 200 500 (804.672) 4:29:50 111.179 Report
1976 August 1 Richard Petty Petty Enterprises Dodge 200 500 (804.672) 4:18:54 115.875 Report
1977 July 31 Benny Parsons L.G. DeWitt Chevrolet 200 500 (804.672) 3:53:41 128.379 Report
1978 July 30 Darrell Waltrip DiGard Motorsports Chevrolet 200 500 (804.672) 3:30:28 142.54 Report
1979 July 30* Cale Yarborough Junior Johnson & Associates Chevrolet 200 500 (804.672) 4:20:24 115.207 Report
1980 July 27 Neil Bonnett Wood Brothers Racing Mercury 200 500 (804.672) 4:01:10 124.395 Report
1981 July 26 Darrell Waltrip Junior Johnson & Associates Buick 200 500 (804.672) 4:11:52 119.111 Report
1982 July 25 Bobby Allison DiGard Motorsports Buick 200 500 (804.672) 4:19:45 115.496 Report
1983 July 24 Tim Richmond Blue Max Racing Pontiac 200 500 (804.672) 4:21:17 114.818 Report
1984 July 22 Harry Gant Hal Needham Chevrolet 200 500 (804.672) 4:07:21 121.351 Report
1985 July 21 Bill Elliott Melling Racing Ford 200 500 (804.672) 3:43:52 134.008 Report
1986 July 20 Tim Richmond Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 150* 375 (603.504) 3:01:08 124.218 Report
1987 July 19 Dale Earnhardt Richard Childress Racing Chevrolet 200 500 (804.672) 4:06:25 121.745 Report
1988 July 24 Bill Elliott Melling Racing Ford 200 500 (804.672) 4:04:10 122.866 Report
1989 July 23 Bill Elliott Melling Racing Ford 200 500 (804.672) 4:14:34 117.847 Report
1990 July 22 Geoffrey Bodine Junior Johnson & Associates Ford 200 500 (804.672) 4:01:48 124.07 Report
1991 July 21 Rusty Wallace Penske Racing Pontiac 179* 447.5 (720.181) 3:52:33 115.459 Report
1992 July 19 Darrell Waltrip DarWal, Inc. Chevrolet 200 500 (804.672) 3:43:47 134.058 Report
1993 July 18 Dale Earnhardt Richard Childress Racing Chevrolet 200 500 (804.672) 3:44:59 133.343 Report
1994 July 17 Geoffrey Bodine Geoff Bodine Racing Ford 200 500 (804.672) 3:40:28 136.075 Report
1995 July 16 Dale Jarrett Robert Yates Racing Ford 200 500 (804.672) 3:43:49 134.038 Report
1996 July 21 Rusty Wallace Penske Racing Ford 200 500 (804.672) 3:27:03 144.892 Report
1997 July 20 Dale Jarrett Robert Yates Racing Ford 200 500 (804.672) 3:31:10 142.068 Report
1998 July 26 Jeff Gordon Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 200 500 (804.672) 3:42:47 134.66 Report
1999 July 25 Bobby Labonte Joe Gibbs Racing Pontiac 200 500 (804.672) 4:16:27 116.982 Report
2000 July 23 Rusty Wallace Penske Racing Ford 200 500 (804.672) 3:49:36 130.662 Report
2001 July 29 Bobby Labonte Joe Gibbs Racing Pontiac 200 500 (804.672) 3:42:54 134.59 Report
2002 July 28 Bill Elliott Evernham Motorsports Dodge 175* 437.5 (704.088) 3:28:39 125.809 Report
2003 July 27 Ryan Newman Penske Racing Dodge 200 500 (804.672) 3:54:55 127.705 Report
2004 August 1 Jimmie Johnson Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 200 500 (804.672) 3:57:35 126.271 Report
2005 July 24 Kurt Busch Roush Racing Ford 203* 507.5 (816.742) 4:03:03 125.283 Report
2006 July 23 Denny Hamlin Joe Gibbs Racing Chevrolet 200 500 (804.672) 3:46:12 132.626 Report
2007 August 5 Kurt Busch Penske Racing Dodge 200 500 (804.672) 3:47:55 131.627 Report
2008 August 3 Carl Edwards Roush Fenway Racing Ford 200 500 (804.672) 3:49:46 130.567 Report
2009 August 3* Denny Hamlin Joe Gibbs Racing Toyota 200 500 (804.672) 3:57:21 126.396 Report
2010 August 1 Greg Biffle Roush Fenway Racing Ford 200 500 (804.672) 3:46:51 132.246 Report
2011 August 7 Brad Keselowski Penske Racing Dodge 200 500 (804.672) 3:37:35 137.878 Report
2012* August 5 Jeff Gordon Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 98* 245 (394.289) 1:45:34 139.249 Report
2013 August 4 Kasey Kahne Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 160 400 (643.737) 3:06:02 129.009 Report
2014 August 3 Dale Earnhardt, Jr. Hendrick Motorsports Chevrolet 160 400 (643.737) 3:08:22 127.411 Report
  • 1974, 1991, and 2012: Race shortened due to rain.
  • 1979 and 2009: Race postponed from Sunday to Monday due to rain.
  • 1986: Race shortened due to rain and heavy fog.
  • 2002: Race shortened due to darkness and incoming rain after two lengthy red flags (one for track repair, the second for rain).
  • 2005: Race extended due to a green-white-checker finish.
  • 2012: Race distance changed from 500 miles (800 km) to 400 miles (640 km) in length. The race was rain-shortened, becoming the first time a race at Pocono failed to go a triple-digit amount of laps.

Multiple winners (drivers)

# Wins Driver Years Won
4 Bill Elliott 1985, 1988, 1989, 2002
3 Richard Petty 1973, 1974, 1976
Darrell Waltrip 1978, 1981, 1992
Rusty Wallace 1991, 1996, 2000
2 Tim Richmond 1983, 1986
Dale Earnhardt 1987, 1993
Geoffrey Bodine 1990, 1994
Dale Jarrett 1995, 1997
Bobby Labonte 1999, 2001
Kurt Busch 2005, 2007
Denny Hamlin 2006, 2009
Jeff Gordon 1998, 2012

Multiple winners (teams)

# Wins Team Years Won
6 Penske Racing 1991, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2007, 2011
Hendrick Motorsports 1986, 1998, 2004, 2012, 2013, 2014
4 Joe Gibbs Racing 1999, 2001, 2006, 2009
3 Petty Enterprises 1973, 1974, 1976
Junior Johnson & Associates 1979, 1981, 1990
Melling Racing 1985, 1988, 1989
Roush Fenway Racing 2005, 2008, 2010
2 Wood Brothers Racing 1975, 1980
DiGard Motorsports 1978, 1982
Richard Childress Racing 1987, 1993
Robert Yates Racing 1995, 1997

Manufacturer wins

# Wins Manufacturer Years Won
14 Chevrolet 1977, 1978, 1979, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1998, 2004, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014
12 Ford 1985, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2005, 2008, 2010
9 Dodge 1971, 1973, 1974, 1974, 1976, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2011
4 Pontiac 1983, 1991, 1999, 2001
2 Mercury 1975, 1980
Buick 1981, 1982
1 Plymouth 1972
Toyota 2009

Television broadcasters

Year Network Lap-by-lap Color commentator(s)
2014 ESPN Allen Bestwick Dale Jarrett
Andy Petree
2010 Marty Reid
2009 Jerry Punch
2007 Rusty Wallace
Andy Petree
2006 TNT Bill Weber Benny Parsons
Wally Dallenbach
2004 Allen Bestwick
2000 TBS Buddy Baker
Dick Berggren
1999 Ken Squier
1995 Mike Wallace
1994 Barry Dodson
1993 Neil Bonnett
1992 ESPN Bob Jenkins Benny Parsons
Ned Jarrett
1988 Showtime
Dave Despain Lyn St. James
Eli Gold
1987 SETN Mike Joy Eli Gold
1986 Jerry Punch
Benny Parsons*
1985 ESPN Bob Jenkins Larry Nuber
1983 Mizlou Ken Squier Buddy Baker
1982 Rick Benjamin Dick Brooks
1981 NBC Paul Page Johnny Rutherford
1980 ABC Chris Economaki Jackie Stewart

*: Benny Parsons was scheduled to be the color commentator, but was to drive an Oldsmobile in the 1986 Summer 500. Jerry Punch replaced Parsons during the SETN broadcast until he retired from the race.


  1. ^ Contacts:
  2. ^ "Pocono Raceway". Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  3. ^ "Pocono downshifting to 400 miles in 2012". Usatoday.Com. August 10, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  4. ^ Pocono Raceway race results from Racing Reference
  5. ^ "By the Numbers: Pocono".  
  6. ^ Sporting News Wire Service (2010-08-02). "Biffle wins one for Roush, Ford at Pocono - Aug 2, 2010". Nascar.Com. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  7. ^ Newton, David (2008-01-01). "One dead, nine others injured in lightning strikes following NASCAR race at Pocono - ESPN". Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  8. ^ Gelston, Dan. "Fan Hit by Lightning Goes From Critical to Stable - ABC News". ABC News. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  9. ^
  10. ^

External links

  • Ratings/Viewership For NASCAR Pennsylvania 500 Dating Back To '99
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NASCAR Sprint Cup Series 400
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