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Guinean forest-savanna mosaic

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Title: Guinean forest-savanna mosaic  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of terrestrial ecoregions (WWF), 2010 Sahel famine, Outline of Guinea, Geography of Guinea-Bissau, List of ecoregions in Benin
Collection: Afrotropic Ecoregions, Ecoregions of Benin, Ecoregions of Burkina Faso, Ecoregions of Cameroon, Ecoregions of Ghana, Ecoregions of Guinea, Ecoregions of Guinea-Bissau, Ecoregions of Ivory Coast, Ecoregions of Nigeria, Ecoregions of Senegal, Ecoregions of the Gambia, Ecoregions of Togo, Grasslands of Benin, Grasslands of Burkina Faso, Grasslands of Cameroon, Grasslands of Ghana, Grasslands of Guinea, Grasslands of Guinea-Bissau, Grasslands of Ivory Coast, Grasslands of Nigeria, Grasslands of Senegal, Grasslands of the Gambia, Grasslands of Togo, Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Guinean forest-savanna mosaic

The Guinean forest-savanna mosaic is an ecoregion of West Africa, a band of interlaced forest, savanna, and grassland running east to west and dividing the tropical moist forests near the coast from the West Sudanian savanna of the interior.

The Guinean forest-savanna mosaic


  • Setting 1
  • Flora 2
  • Fauna 3
  • Human settlement 4
  • Threats and preservation 5
  • External links 6


The Guinean forest-savanna mosaic covers an area of 673,600 square kilometers (260,100 sq mi), extending from western Senegal to eastern Nigeria, and including portions of Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, and Benin. The Cameroon Highlands of eastern Nigeria and Cameroon separate the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic from the Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic, which lies to the east. The Dahomey Gap is a region of Togo and Benin where the forest-savanna mosaic extends to the coast, and separates the Upper Guinean forests of Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, and Ghana from the Lower Guinean forests of Nigeria and Cameroon.


This region is mainly grassland crossed with trees growing alongside streams and on hillsides, with the constantly occurring fires keeping back the growth of trees in open country. Lophira laceolata is a tree that is more resistant to fire.


The mixture of forest and grassland provide habitat for a range of species from large mammals such as African leopard, forest elephants, hippopotamus and antelopes such as the red-flanked duiker to the common tortoise as well as more localised species including patas monkeys and Ghana worm lizards (Amphisbaenia).

The wetlands in the region are rich in birdlife, including iris glossy-starling and black crowned crane.

Human settlement

The ecoregion covers large areas of many West African nations including:

  • Senegal - much of the southern Casamance arm of the country including the city of Ziguinchor.
  • All of inland Guinea-Bissau
  • Guinea - the band of lowland areas parallel to the coast and then running south-east of the central mountains, including the towns of Fria, Kindia and Kissidougou.
  • Northern Sierra Leone including the towns of Makeni and Kabala.
  • Côte d'Ivoire - a swathe across the middle east from Touba through the country's second city Bouaké.
  • A wide strip across Ghana including the country east of Lake Volta, where the main town is Ho.
  • Togo - the southern plateau.
  • Benin - the southern areas including the city of Bohicon.
  • Nigeria - a large area including the cities of Ibadan, which means where the forest meets the savanna, the country's capital Abuja, Lokoja where the River Niger and River Benue meet, Enugu, and Makurdi.

Threats and preservation

This area has been populated by humans for millennia and very little of it is formally protected. Parks include Outamba-Kilimi National Park in Sierra Leone.

External links

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