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Gustav Adolph, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow

 

Gustav Adolph, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow

Gustav Adolph, Duke of Mecklenburg [-Güstrow] (26 February 1633 – 6 October 1695) was the last ruler of Mecklenburg-Güstrow from 1636 until his death and last Lutheran Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Ratzeburg from 1636 to 1648.

Life

Gustav Adolph was born at the ducal residence in Güstrow, the son of Duke John Albert II and his third wife Eleonore Marie (1600–1657), daughter of Prince Christian I of Anhalt-Bernburg.

A minor upon his father's death in 1636, his uncle Duke Adolph Frederick I of Mecklenburg-Schwerin at first became regent at Güstrow, fiercely opposed by Gustav Adolph's mother. In 1654 he came of age and married Magdalene Sibylle, a daughter of Duke Frederick III of Holstein-Gottorp.

Their marriage produced eleven children; however, the only hereditary prince, Charles, died in 1688 at the age of 23. Gustav Adolph's daughter Marie married her cousin Adolphus Frederick II of Mecklenburg, who after the death of his father-in-law claimed the Güstrow heritage, but could not prevail against the ruling duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. A younger daughter, Louise in 1695 married the Danish crown prince Frederick IV and in 1699 became queen consort of Denmark.

Gustav Adolph died in Güstrow at the age of 62. The subsequent inheritance conflict within the House of Mecklenburg was settled by the establishment of the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1701.

Gustav Adolph, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Cadet branch of the House of Mecklenburg
Born: 26 February 1633 Died: 6 October 1695
German nobility
Religious titles
Preceded by
Augustus
Administrator of the
Prince-Bishopric of Ratzeburg

1636–1648
prince-bishopric securalised
as Principality of Ratzeburg
German nobility
Preceded by
John Albert II
Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
1636–1695
Succeeded by
Frederick William
as Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
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