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Harry Nixon

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Harry Nixon

Harry Nixon
13th Premier of Ontario
In office
May 18, 1943 – August 17, 1943
Monarch George VI
Lieutenant Governor Albert E. Matthews
Preceded by Gordon Daniel Conant
Succeeded by George Drew
Personal details
Born Harry Corwin Nixon
(1891-04-01)April 1, 1891
St. George, Ontario
Died October 22, 1961(1961-10-22) (aged 70)
St. George, Ontario
Resting place St. George United Cemetery
Political party Ontario Liberal Party
(1937–1961)
Other political
affiliations
United Farmers of Ontario
(1919–1923)

Progressive
(1923–1934)

Liberal-Progressive
(1934–1937)
Alma mater University of Toronto
Religion United Church

Harry Corwin Nixon (April 1, 1891 – October 22, 1961) was a Canadian politician and briefly the 13th Premier of Ontario.

Life and career

He was born on a farm near University of Toronto's Ontario Agricultural College (then affiliated with the university).

He was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1919 as a candidate of the United Farmers of Ontario. He served as a Cabinet minister in the government of Premier Ernest C. Drury as Provincial Secretary and Registrar. Following the defeat of the UFO-Labour government in the 1923 election, Nixon sat as a Progressive Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), and became the leader of the small Progressive bloc (as most UFOers now called themselves) after the 1929 election.

Ontario Liberal Party, and Nixon led his Progressive remnant into an alliance with Hepburn's party. In the 1934 election, Nixon and his followers ran as Liberal-Progressives, helping bring the Hepburn to power. He ran and was elected as a Liberal in the 1937 election.

Last surviving members of the UFO-Labour coalition government (1919-1923) in 1955. From left to right: Harry Mills, E.C. Drury, Harry Nixon and Walter Rollo

Nixon resumed his former Cabinet position of Provincial Secretary and Registrar in the Hepburn cabinet and was the senior minister in the government. During World War II, Hepburn clashed with William Lyon Mackenzie King, the Liberal Prime Minister of Canada, arguing that King was not sufficiently prosecuting the war effort, in particular by not introducing conscription (see Conscription Crisis of 1944). Hepburn openly supported King's rival, Conservative leader Arthur Meighen in a 1942 York South by-election, and seemed to be calling for the defeat of King. This was too much for many Ontario Liberals, who were either King loyalists or feared a rift between the federal and provincial parties. Hepburn was forced to resign on October 21, 1942.

Nixon was widely seen as the "heir apparent," and had earlier turned down Hepburn's offer to recommend that Nixon be appointed Premier, as Nixon insisted the leadership should be the choice of the party, not of Hepburn. However, Hepburn, while resigning as Premier, insisted on remaining as party leader, and simply appointed his ally, Gordon Daniel Conant as the new Premier of Ontario on October 21, 1942. Nixon resigned from the cabinet on October 22, 1942 in opposition to Hepburn's refusal to

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