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Henry Trollope

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Henry Trollope

Admiral Sir Henry Trollope
Sir Henry Trollope
Born (1756-04-20)20 April 1756
Died 2 November 1839(1839-11-02) (aged 83)
Bath, Somerset
Buried at St. James’s Church, Bath
Allegiance Great Britain
United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Navy
Years of service 1770–1815
Rank Lieutenant (1777)
Master and Commander (1779)
Post Captain (1781)
Rear Admiral (1801)
Admiral (1812)
Commands held HMS Kite
HMS Myrmidon
HMS Prudente
HMS Hussar
HMS Rainbow
HMS Glatton
HMS Russell
HMS Juste
Battles/wars Lexington
Bunker Hill
Camperdown
Awards Knight Companion of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (1831)

Admiral Sir Henry Trollope, GCB (20 April 1756 – 2 November 1839) was an officer of the British Royal Navy.

Early career

He entered the navy at the age of 14. In the American Revolutionary War he served aboard HMS Captain and HMS Asia. He fought at the battles of Lexington (19 April 1775) and Bunker Hill (17 June 1775) and the Siege of Boston (1775–1776). He served with John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore during the latter's campaigns in Virginia and Rhode Island.

In 1777 he was appointed third lieutenant to the fourth-rate Bristol and took part in attacks on Fort Montgomery, Fort Clinton, Philadelphia and Mud Island.

Post Captain

He was promoted to Post Captain in 1781. Following the peace of 1783 between Britain and the United States of America, he lived in Wales before returning to sea in 1790 as the captain of the 38-gun fifth rate Prudente.

Trollope, described as "carronade-crazy" in Gardiner's Warships of the Napoleonic Era, commanded two ships armed entirely with carronades: Rainbow, a 44-gun frigate with which he stunned the French frigate Hébé (1782) into surrendering without resistance; and Glatton, with which he routed a French squadron of four frigates, two corvettes, a brig and a cutter, and drove them into Flushing.

Captain Henry Trollope with the mortally wounded Marine Captain Henry Ludlow Strangeways on the deck of HMS Glatton

The Nore Mutiny

In March–April 1797, Trollope kept Glatton '​s crew from joining the Nore mutiny. By threatening to fire on the 64-gun Overyssel and the 40-gun Beaulieu, which were in open mutiny, he convinced their crews to return to duty.[1]

The battle of Camperdown

Later in 1797 he commanded the 74-gun Russell at the Battle of Camperdown. For his part in this victory he was made a Knight Companion of the Order of the Bath and elevated as a Knight Grand Cross in 1831.

Retirement

He was promoted to Rear Admiral on 1 January 1801 and to Admiral in 1812, but did not serve in an active role. He committed suicide at Freshford, near Bath on 2 November 1839.

Legacy

The Captain-class frigate HMS Trollope was named for him.

References

  • Dictionary of National Biography 57. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
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