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Hochstätten

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Hochstätten

This article is about the self-administering municipality. For the constituent communities of Hochstädten and Hochstetten in the same district, see Hochstetten-Dhaun.
Hochstätten

Coat of arms
Hochstätten
Hochstätten

Coordinates: 49°45′57″N 7°49′57″E / 49.76583°N 7.83250°E / 49.76583; 7.83250Coordinates: 49°45′57″N 7°49′57″E / 49.76583°N 7.83250°E / 49.76583; 7.83250

Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Template:Link if exists
Municipal assoc. Template:Link if exists
Government
 • Mayor Hermann Spieß
Area
 • Total 5.46 km2 (2.11 sq mi)
Elevation 138 m (453 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 635
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 55585
Dialling codes 06362
Vehicle registration KH
Website www.hochstaetten-pfalz.de

Hochstätten is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Bad Münster am Stein-Ebernburg, whose seat is in the like-named town. Hochstätten is a winegrowing village. The municipality also markets itself as a recreational destination with the self-given nickname das Tor zur Pfalz im Erholungsgebiet Rheingrafenstein (“The Gateway to the Palatinate in the Rheingrafenstein Recreational Area”).[2]

Geography

Location

Hochstätten lies in the Alsenz valley on the German Avenue Road. Being a winegrowing village, it is surrounded by vineyards. Hochstätten’s elevation is 140 m above sea level.[3]

Neighbouring municipalities

Clockwise from the north, Hochstätten’s neighbours are the municipalities of Altenbamberg, Fürfeld, Winterborn, Alsenz (these last two lying in the neighbouring Donnersbergkreis), Hallgarten and Feilbingert.

Constituent communities

Also belonging to Hochstätten is the outlying homestead of Im Steinbruch.[4]

History

Many dates are given as Hochstätten’s first documentary mention. An oft cited one is 1108, the date of a document issued by the Archbishopric of Mainz to Disibodenberg Abbey, which names Hosteden. Of somewhat greater certainty as mentions of Hochstätten are ones dating from 1260, 1350 and 1366. It is likely that Hochstätten had its own parish by 1261. In the 13th century, the churchtower, which still characterizes the village’s appearance today, was built. This church has been put under monumental protection. Very early on, Hochstätten came under the lordship of the Raugraves and Rhinegraves, who kept their seat at Rheingrafenstein Castle, and later at Gaugrehweiler. Beginning in 1754 or 1755, Hochstätten belonged to Palatinate-Zweibrücken before passing to Electoral Palatinate in 1768. In 1801, after French Revolutionary troops had overrun and occupied the the German lands on the Rhine’s left bank, Hochstätten, along with all the lands that the French had occupied, was absorbed into the French state. Hochstätten was grouped into the Department of Mont-Tonnerre (or Donnersberg in German). After Napoleon’s defeat in the German campaign, the last and decisive phase of the War of the Sixth Coalition and indeed of the Napoleonic Wars, the Congress of Vienna grouped Hochstätten into the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1816. The village remained in Bavaria throughout the rest of its existence as an independent kingdom, its whole history as a constituent kingdom of the German Empire, and throughout Weimar times (by which time Bavaria had become a “Free State”) and the Third Reich. It was only with Allied occupation after the Second World War that this arrangement changed with the founding of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate.[5] Bearing witness to Hochstätten’s history as part of Bavaria, the Bavarian state arms can still be seen today affixed above the stage at the municipal hall, and even the favourite card game at the local Stammtische is still one that Germans commonly associate with Bavaria – Schafkopf.[6] In the course of administrative restructuring in Rhineland-Palatinate, Hochstätten was transferred from the old Rockenhausen district (which was itself dissolved) to the Bad Kreuznach district in 1969.

Population development

Hochstätten’s population development since Napoleonic times is shown in the table below. The figures for the years from 1871 to 1987 are drawn from census data:[7]

Year Inhabitants
1815 302
1835 511
1871 625
1905 730
1939 629
Year Inhabitants
1950 706
1961 705
1970 723
1987 665
2005 625

Religion

Ecclesiastically, Hochstätten belongs, as it long has, to the Evangelical Church of the Palatinate and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Speyer. As at 30 September 2013, there are 634 fulltime residents in Hochstätten, and of those, 395 are Evangelical (62.303%), 101 are Catholic (15.931%), 1 is Greek Orthodox (0.158%), 1 is Lutheran (0.158%), 17 (2.681%) belong to other religious groups and 119 (18.77%) either have no religion or will not reveal their religious affiliation.[8]

Politics

Municipal council

The council is made up of 12 council members, who were elected by majority vote at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, and the honorary mayor as chairman.

Mayor

Hochstätten’s mayor is Hermann Spieß.[9]

Coat of arms

The municipality’s arms might be described thus: Or in base a trimount vert issuant from which an oaktree leafed of fifteen and fructed of ten all proper, surmounting the trunk a wolf courant sable langued gules.

The arms were inspired by an old seal, apparently the only one relating to Hochstätten, and it is not known what the charges stand for or where they came from. The arms do not contain the Wheel of Mainz, the Raugravial division of the field (“party per pale”) or any of the many elements marshalled in Palatinate-Zweibrücken’s or Electoral Palatinate’s arms, nor is any charge readily identifiable as French or Bavarian. The arms therefore do not seem to relate to the village’s territorial history, as is so for so many civic coats of arms in Germany. The German words for the charges (Eiche – oaktree; Baum – tree; Blatt – leaf; Eichel – acorn; Wolf – wolf; Dreiberg – trimount) do not seem to resemble the name “Hochstätten” in any way; so the arms would not seem to be canting, which is also common in German civic heraldry. The arms have been borne since 22 October 1981.[10]

Ferrovial namesake

Hochstätten is namesake of a Deutsche Bahn Bombardier Talent trainset (643 001).

Culture and sightseeing

Buildings

The following are listed buildings or sites in Rhineland-Palatinate’s Directory of Cultural Monuments:[11]

  • Protestant church, Hauptstraße – Late Baroque aisleless church, 1772, Gothic former quire tower
  • Friedhofstraße – two-arch bridge across the Alsenz and the (now filled-in) millrace, sandstone, earlier half to middle of the 19th century
  • Hauptstraße – bridge across the Alsenz, two arches, sandstone-block, marked 1880
  • Hauptstraße 14 – house, partly timber-frame, essentially from about 1600, remodelled in the 18th century
  • Old Jewish Graveyard, “am Judenkirchhof” (monumental zone) – area with gravestones from the 18th to early 20th century
  • New Jewish Graveyard[12], Am Feilerpfad (monumental zone) – area laid out within the Christian graveyard, recorded 1912-1935

More about the Jewish graveyards

In Hochstätten, the first Jewish graveyard was laid out in the early 19th century. Already by the middle of that same century, it had been filled with graves and the Jewish community applied to expand it. This application was approved and then implemented about 1880. It might also have been expanded once again. The graveyard’s area is 740 m² and 19 gravestones are still preserved. Datable stones come from the time from 1873 to 1924. In 1912, another Jewish graveyard, this one right next to the Christian graveyard, without any delimitation, was laid out at the outermost, righthand part of the said Christian graveyard. The last burial took place here in 1935 (Fanny Kahn née Strauss, died on 13 November 1935). Preserved here are twelve graves with seven readable gravestones. In the time of the Third Reich, the graveyards were not destroyed. The old graveyard lies west of the village in the forest, in the cadastral area named “Am Judenkirchhof”, lot 1628, while the new graveyard lies north of the village within the Christian graveyard, in the cadastral area named “Am Feilerpfad”, lot 1248.[13]

Clubs

Currently active in Hergenfeld are the following clubs:[14]

  • Fussball- und Sportvereinfootball and sport club
  • Gesangverein (Männerchor “Germania”) — singing club (men’s choir) with:
    • Music department
    • Theatre department
  • Anglersportvereinangling club
  • Verkehrs- und Dorfverschönerungsverein — transport and village beautification club
  • Förderverein Freunde der Feuerwehr — “Friends of the Fire Brigade” promotional association
  • Krankenpflegeverein — nursing association

Wines

Hochstätten is known for its winegrowing. Once precious locations have had to be given up because working on the steep slopes had become ever more troublesome and, therefore, unprofitable. On the southern slopes, on soil that is in part slaty, a very good wine grows, known far beyond the Nahegau’s limits as Hochstätter Liebesbrunnen. Today, about 32 ha of vineyards is worked.[15] Hochstätten was home to Ilse Theobald, German Wine Queen “Ilse I” in 1966/1967, and also Barbara Laubenstein, the Nahe Wine Queen “Barbara I” in 1984/1985.[16] Sandra Laubenstein shared this honour in 1996/1997

Economy and infrastructure

Public institutions

Hochstätten has at its disposal the only municipal library in the Verbandsgemeinde of Bad Münster am Stein-Ebernburg.[17] In 1983, when the municipal library, then housed in two trunks, was woken out of its long slumber, there were 580 books. Since then, the offering has grown markedly, and so has the number of readers. The library currently has 3,493 books and audiobooks, DVDs and CD-ROMs.[18] Hochstätten also has a village community centre.

Transport

Running through Hochstätten is Bundesstraße 48, which leads to Bundesstraße 420. Within the village itself is a railway station on the Alsenz Valley Railway (Alsenztalbahn).

References

External links

  • Municipality’s official webpage (German)
  • Hochstätten in the collective municipality’s webpages (German)


This article incorporates information from the Deutsch World Heritage Encyclopedia.


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