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Howard Rheingold

Howard Rheingold
Born (1947-07-07) July 7, 1947
Phoenix, Arizona
Occupation Critic, writer and teacher

Howard Rheingold (born July 7, 1947) is a critic, writer, and teacher; his specialties are on the cultural, social and political implications of modern communication media such as the Internet, mobile telephony and virtual communities (a term he is credited with inventing).


  • Biography 1
  • Partial bibliography 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Rheingold was born in Phoenix, Arizona. He attended Reed College in Portland, Oregon, from 1964 to 1968. His senior thesis was entitled "What Life Can Compare with This? Sitting Alone at the Window, I Watch the Flowers Bloom, the Leaves Fall, the Seasons Come and Go."[1]

A lifelong fascination with mind augmentation and its methods led Rheingold to the Institute of Noetic Sciences and Xerox PARC. There he worked on and wrote about the earliest personal computers. This led to his writing Tools for Thought in 1985, a history of the people behind the personal computer. Around that time he first logged on to The WELL – an influential early online community. He explored the experience in his seminal book, The Virtual Community.

Also in 1985, Rheingold coauthored Out of the Inner Circle: A Hacker's Guide to Computer Security with former hacker Bill Landreth. In 1991, he published Virtual Reality: Exploring the Brave New Technologies of Artificial Experience and Interactive Worlds from Cyberspace to Teledildonics.

After a stint editing the Whole Earth Review, Rheingold served as editor in chief of the Millennium Whole Earth Catalog. Shortly thereafter, he was hired on as founding executive editor of HotWired, one of the first commercial content web sites published in 1994 by Wired magazine. Rheingold left HotWired and soon founded Electric Minds in 1996 to chronicle and promote the growth of community online. Despite accolades, the site was sold and scaled back in 1997.

In 1998, he created his next virtual community, Brainstorms, a private successful webconferencing community for knowledgeable, intellectual, civil, and future-thinking adults from all over the world. As of 2013, Brainstorms was in its fifteenth year.

Rheingold in Mill Valley.

In 2002, Rheingold published Smart Mobs, exploring the potential for technology to augment collective intelligence. Shortly thereafter, in conjunction with the Institute for the Future, Rheingold launched an effort to develop a broad-based literacy of cooperation.

In 2008, Rheingold became the first research fellow at the Institute for the Future, with which he had long been affiliated.[2]

Rheingold is a visiting lecturer in Stanford University's Department of Communication where he teaches two courses, "Digital Journalism" and "Virtual Communities and Social Media".[3][4] He is a lecturer in U.C. Berkeley's School of Information where he teaches "Virtual Communities and Social Media" and where he previously taught "Participatory Media/Collective Action".[5] He is also a frequent contributor to the DMLcentral blog on topics ranging from new media literacy to learning innovation.

Rheingold lives in Mill Valley, California, with his wife Judy and daughter Mamie. In an entry on his video blog, he provides a tour of the converted garage that became a "dream office" and an "externalization of [his] mind" where Rheingold absorbs information, writes, and creates art.[6]

He contributed the essay "Participative Pedagogy for a Literacy of Literacies" to the Freesouls book project.[7]

Partial bibliography

  • Talking Tech: A conversational Guide to Science and Technology, with Howard Levine (1982)
  • Higher Creativity:Liberating the Unconscious for Breakthrough Insight, with Willis Harman (1984)
  • Tools for Thought: The History and Future of Mind-Expanding Technology, (free in HTML form) (1985)
  • Out of the Inner Circle, with Bill Landreth (1985)
  • They Have a Word for It: A Lighthearted Lexicon of Untranslatable Words & Phrases (1988)
  • The Cognitive Connection: Thought and Language in Man and Machine, with Howard Levine (1987)
  • Excursions to the Far Side of the Mind (1988)
  • Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming, with Stephen LaBerge (1990)
  • Virtual Reality (1991)
  • The Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier, (free in HTML form) (1993) ISBN 0-201-60870-7
  • Millennium Whole Earth Catalog: Access to Tools and Ideas for the Twenty-First Century (1995)
  • The Heart of the WELL (1998)
  • The Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier, (2000 reprint with some new material) ISBN 0-262-68121-8
  • Rheingold, Howard (2002).  
  • Rheingold, Howard (2012). Net Smart: How to Thrive Online. The MIT Press.  
  • Rheingold, H. (2012). Mind amplifier: Can our digital tools make us smarter? New York, NY: TED Books.

See also


  1. ^ Wolf, Gary. "What It Is, Is Up To Us". Reed College. 
  2. ^ "Howard Rheingold is First IFTF Research Fellow". Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  3. ^ "Faculty: Howard Rheingold". Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  4. ^ "Graduate courses in Communications". Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  5. ^ "Howard Rheingold – School of Information". Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  6. ^ "Howard Rheingold's Vlog". Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  7. ^ Participative Pedagogy for a Literacy of Literacies, Howard Rheingold

External links

  • Howard Rheingold's Web site
  • Howard Rheingold's Twitter feed
  • Howard Rheingold's FriendFeed page
  • Smart Mobs weblog/book site
  • Talk on collaboration at TED conference
  • Reed College Alumni Magazine Profile
  • Howard Rheingold and Andrea Saveri Introduce the Cooperation Project a 48MB QuickTime movie, hosted by the Internet Archive
  • Howard Rheingold interviewed on the TV show Triangulation on the network
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