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IFK Göteborg

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IFK Göteborg

IFK Göteborg
Full name Idrottsföreningen Kamraterna Göteborg
Nickname(s) Blåvitt (Blue-white)
Änglarna (The Angels)
Kamraterna (The Comrades)
Short name IFK
Founded 4 October 1904 (1904-10-04)
Ground Gamla Ullevi, Gothenburg
Ground Capacity 18,600
Chairman Karl Jartun
Head coach Jörgen Lennartsson
League Allsvenskan
2015 Allsvenskan, 2nd
Website Club home page

IFK Göteborg is a Swedish professional football club based in Gothenburg. Founded in 1904, the club has won 18 national championship titles, seven national cup titles, and two UEFA Cups.

IFK is one of the most successful club in Sweden together with Helsingborgs IF, since 1993.

IFK is one of the most popular football clubs in Sweden, with diverse country-wide support. Since the start of the 2009 season, they play all their home games at the newly built Gamla Ullevi stadium.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Colours and crest 2
  • Stadiums 3
  • Supporters 4
  • Players 5
    • First-team squad 5.1
    • Current youth players with first-team experience 5.2
    • Out on loan 5.3
    • Notable players 5.4
  • Management 6
    • Organisation 6.1
    • Technical staff 6.2
    • Notable managers 6.3
  • Honours 7
    • Domestic 7.1
      • League 7.1.1
      • Cups 7.1.2
    • European 7.2
  • Records 8
  • Footnotes 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

The IFK Göteborg squad year 1905.

IFK Göteborg was founded at Café Olivedal on 4 October 1904,[1] becoming the 39th

  • Bara ben på Glenn Hysén
  • Ultras Göteborg
Supporter sites
  • Alltid Blåvitt
  • Göteborg – UEFA.com
News sites
  • Supporterklubben Änglarna
Supporter club sites
  • Official website

External links

  1. ^ a b Nylin 2004, p. 47.
  2. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 9.
  3. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 10.
  4. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, pp. 11–13.
  5. ^ a b c Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 13.
  6. ^ a b Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 19.
  7. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 20.
  8. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 25.
  9. ^ Glanell et al. 2004, p. 108.
  10. ^ Nylin 2004, p. 48.
  11. ^ Persson et al. 1988, p. 78.
  12. ^ Glanell et al. 2004, pp. 98–101.
  13. ^ a b c d Nylin 2004, p. 49.
  14. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 55.
  15. ^ "Högsta och lägsta publiksiffror i Allsvenskan" (PDF) (in Swedish). Sveriges Fotbollshistoriker och Statistiker. 2004. Retrieved 20 June 2007. 
  16. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 88.
  17. ^ a b Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 99.
  18. ^ "Sven-Göran Eriksson". The Football Association. 2006. Archived from the original on 5 March 2005. Retrieved 20 June 2007. 
  19. ^ "Bakgrundsfakta till Token från Torsby" (in Swedish). Offside. 2006. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 13 July 2007. 
  20. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 109.
  21. ^ a b Jönsson & Josephson 2004, pp. 110–111.
  22. ^ a b Jönsson, Ingemar (2003). "IFK Göteborg: 1977–89" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. Retrieved 13 July 2007. 
  23. ^ Nylin 2004, p. 50.
  24. ^ a b c Cresswell, Peterjon (2003). "Magazine: Gothenburg". UEFA. Archived from the original on 23 June 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007. 
  25. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 321.
  26. ^ M.H. (1999). "Nittiotalet är över – men minnena består" (in Swedish). Alltid Blåvitt. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007. 
  27. ^ Guslen, Bertil (31 December 1994). "Blåvitt 1994 var mästarlaget som fick Europa att se rött".  
  28. ^ a b c Jönsson, Ingemar (2003). "IFK Göteborg: 1996-00" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. Retrieved 20 June 2007. 
  29. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 153.
  30. ^ Nylin 2004, p. 10.
  31. ^ Nylin 2004, p. 27.
  32. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 11.
  33. ^ Persson et al. 1988, p. 76.
  34. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 304.
  35. ^ "Prioritet Finans ny stjärnsponsor till IFK" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. 22 March 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  36. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, pp. 177–178.
  37. ^ "Juve, Inter, Milan – och VSK" (in Swedish). Vestmanlands Läns Tidning. 6 December 2004. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007. 
  38. ^ "Världsklass, Djurgården" (in Swedish).  
  39. ^ Ericson, Tomas (11 June 2007). "Blåvitt spelar i helvitt imorgon" (in Swedish). Alltid Blåvitt. Retrieved 20 June 2007. 
  40. ^ "Stadsvapnets historia" (in Swedish). Göteborgs Stad. 4 May 2007. Archived from the original on 6 July 2007. Retrieved 13 July 2007.  web archive link
  41. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 241.
  42. ^ a b "Atletiska män och flyende lejon" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  43. ^ "IFK Göteborg: Gamla Ullevi" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. 2006. Retrieved 21 June 2007. 
  44. ^ "IFK Göteborg: Ullevi" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. 2006. Retrieved 21 June 2007. 
  45. ^  
  46. ^ http://www.bolletinen.se/sfs/java/allsvenskan.htm
  47. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 44.
  48. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, pp. 46–47.
  49. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 43.
  50. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 45.
  51. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 46.
  52. ^ a b Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 190.
  53. ^ Johansson, Andreas (2004). "Historik". Änglarna.se. Retrieved 20 June 2007. 
  54. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, pp. 191–192.
  55. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, pp. 344–345.
  56. ^ a b CEFOS/SOM-Institutet (27 April 2004). "Svenska fotbollssupportrar".  
  57. ^ a b "A-lagets spelare" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  58. ^ "Malick lånas ut vidare" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  59. ^ "Även Dyre till Kiken" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  60. ^ "Bohm till Utsikten" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. 24 July 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  61. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 356.
  62. ^ Jönsson & Josephson 2004, p. 8.
  63. ^ Career years given in full seasons and may not be entirely correct if the player made a late season debut or an early season retirement.
  64. ^ "League" matches includes Svenska Serien, Allsvenskan, Mästerskapsserien and Division 2 matches as well as qualification and play-off matches.
  65. ^ Note that a player may have been part of the team during one of its winning seasons but did not receive a medal due to too few played matches.
  66. ^ "Styrelse" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  67. ^ "Kontakta IFK Göteborg" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  68. ^ "A-laget" (in Swedish). IFK Göteborg. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  69. ^ "Svenska mästare 1896–1925, 1931–" [Swedish champions 1896–1925, 1931–]. svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
Specific references

All sources in (Swedish) unless otherwise noted.

General reference books
  • Alsiö, Martin; Frantz, Alf; Lindahl, Jimmy; Persson, Gunnar, eds. (2004). 100 år: Svenska fotbollförbundets jubileumsbok 1904–2004, del 2. Vällingby: Stroemberg Media Group.  
  • Alsiö, Martin (2011). Persson, Gunnar, ed. 100 år med allsvensk fotboll. Västerås: Idrottsförlaget/Canal+.  
  • Andersson, Torbjörn (2002). Kung fotboll: den svenska fotbollens kulturhistoria från 1800-talets slut till 1950. Eslöv: Symposion.  
  • Andersson, Torbjörn (2011). "Spela fotboll bondjävlar!": en studie i svensk klubbkultur och lokal identitet från 1950 till 2000-talets början, del 1. Stockholm: Symposion.  
  • Glanell, Tomas, ed. (1984). 80 år med svensk fotboll: jubileumsboken. Stockholm: Strömbergs.  
  • Glanell, Tomas; Havik, Göran; Lindberg, Thomas; Persson, Gunnar; Ågren, Bengt, eds. (2004). 100 år: Svenska fotbollförbundets jubileumsbok 1904–2004, del 1. Vällingby: Stroemberg Media Group.  
  • Nylin, Lars (2004). Den nödvändiga boken om Allsvenskan: svensk fotboll från 1896 till idag, statistik, höjdpunkter lag för lag, klassiska bilder. Sundbyberg: Semic.  
  • Persson, Gunnar; Glanell, Thomas; Lundgren, Lars; Stark, Janne; Strömberg, Robert, eds. (1988). Allsvenskan genom tiderna. Stockholm: Strömbergs idrottsböcker.  
IFK Göteborg books
  • Andreasson, Kenth; Palmström, Uno (1976). Kamraterna: en bok om IFK Göteborg. Stockholm: Askild & Kärnekull.  
  • Andreasson, Kenth; Palmström, Uno (1988). Blåvitt: historien om ett mästarlag. Stockholm: Prisma.  
  • Bernmar, Anders; Skånberg, Alf; Öberg, Ralf, eds. (1979). Blåvitt 75 år. Göteborg: IFK Göteborg. 
  • Elisson, Johan; Kjäll, Andreas; Pettersson, John (2014). Henriksson, Mathias, ed. Vi som är från Göteborg åker aldrig hem med sorg. Göteborg: Supporterklubben Änglarna.  
  • Göransson, Mattias (2005). Blåvit gryning. Göteborg: Offside Press.  
  • Jacobsson, Ingvar; Larsson, Göran (1977). Vi älskar dom. Bjästa: CeWe. 
  • Jönsson, Ingemar; Josephson, Åke, eds. (2004). IFK Göteborg 1904–2004: en hundraårig blåvit historia genom elva epoker. Göteborg: IFK Göteborg.  
  • Thylin, Stefan (1996). Änglarna: ett europeiskt fenomen. Stockholm: Fischer & Co.  
  • Thylin, Stefan (2009). Guldåren. Västerås: Sportförlaget.  

References

  1. ^ Current youth players who at least have sat on the bench in a competitive match.
  2. ^ a b IFK Göteborg have a cooperation with Utsiktens BK and might temporarily loan out players to them during the season.
  3. ^ The title of "Swedish Champions" has been awarded to the winner of four different competitions over the years. Between 1896 and 1925 the title was awarded to the winner of Svenska Mästerskapet, a stand-alone cup tournament. No club were given the title between 1926 and 1930 even though the first-tier league Allsvenskan was played. In 1931 the title was reinstated and awarded to the winner of Allsvenskan. Between 1982 and 1990 a play-off in cup format was held at the end of the league season to decide the champions. After the play-off format in 1991 and 1992 the title was decided by the winner of Mästerskapsserien, an additional league after the end of Allsvenskan. Since the 1993 season the title has once again been awarded to the winner of Allsvenskan.[69]

Footnotes

Records

European

Cups

  • Allsvenskan:
    • Winners (13): 1934–35, 1941–42, 1957–58, 1969, 1982, 1984, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2007
    • Runners-up (13): 1924–25, 1926–27, 1929–30, 1939–49, 1979, 1981, 1986, 1988, 1997, 2005, 2009, 2014, 2015
  • Svenska Serien:
    • Winners (5): 1912–13, 1913–14, 1914–15, 1915–16, 1916–17
  • Fyrkantserien:
    • Winners (2): 1918, 1919
  • Mästerskapsserien:
    • Winners (1): 1991

League

  • Swedish Champions[upper-alpha 3]
    • Winners (18): 1908, 1910, 1918, 1934–35, 1941–42, 1957–58, 1969, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2007

Domestic

Honours

Name Nat IFK Göteborg
career
League record Honours
Pld W D L GF GA GD
Henning Svensson 1924–29, 1931–32, 1943 183 104 42 37 475 264 +211
Eric Hjelm 1930, 1933–38 137 68 23 46 276 212 +64 1 Swedish Championship
Ernst Andersson 1941–42 43 21 13 9 94 62 +32 1 Swedish Championship
József Nagy 1943–48 110 54 22 34 266 195 +71
Walter Probst 1954–58 99 47 15 37 193 160 +33 1 Swedish Championship
Bertil 'Bebben' Johansson 1967–70 88 32 23 33 137 133 +4 1 Swedish Championship
Sven-Göran Eriksson 1979–82 87 44 27 16 161 83 +78 1 UEFA Cup, 2 Svenska Cupen
Gunder Bengtsson 1982, 1985–87 79 38 26 15 155 79 +76 1 UEFA Cup, 2 Swedish Championships
Björn Westerberg 1983–84 44 25 9 10 78 38 +40 2 Swedish Championships, 1 Svenska Cupen
Roger Gustafsson 1990–95, 2002 165 88 36 41 278 167 +111 5 Swedish Championships, 1 Svenska Cupen
Mats Jingblad 1996–98 60 33 15 12 118 68 +50 1 Swedish Championship
Jonas Olsson & Stefan Rehn 2007–10 100 49 28 23 164 85 +79 1 Swedish Championship, 1 Svenska Cupen
Mikael Stahre 2012–14 30 9 2 9 36 41 −5 1 Svenska Cupen

The following fourteen managers either have won at least one major honour with IFK Göteborg or have managed the team for 100 or more league matches. The managers are listed according to when they were first appointed manager for IFK Göteborg:

Notable managers

Name Role
Jörgen Lennartsson Head coach
Magnus Edlund Assistant coach
Alf Westerberg Assistant coach / U21 head coach
Johan Kristoffersson Fitness coach
Stefan Remnér Goalkeeping coach
Fredrik Larsson Physiotherapist
Tim Rahmquist Physiotherapist
Martin Bergqvist Physiotherapist
Jon Karlsson Club doctor
Leif Swärd Club doctor
Lennart Sugiardjo Club doctor
Johan Örtendahl Mental coach
Bertil Lundqvist Equipment manager
Rolf Gustavsson Equipment manager
Thomas Olsson U19 head coach
Johan Claesson U19 assistant coach
Roger Gustafsson Head coach youth academy
Olle Sultan Match analyst
Linda Breding Assistant match analyst
As of 31 July 2015[68]
IFK Göteborg's current head coach Jörgen Lennartsson.

Technical staff

Name Role
Karl Jartun Chairman
Martin Kurzwelly Club director
Olof Myhrman Secretary
Mats Gren Director of sports
As of 25 November 2014[66][67]

Organisation

Management

Name Nat Pos IFK Göteborg
career[63]
League record[64] Honours[65]
Apps Goals
Erik Börjesson FW 1907–10, 12–20 64 81 3 Swedish Championships
Filip 'Svarte-Filip' Johansson FW 1924–33 181 180
Arne Nyberg FW 1932–50 297 130 2 Swedish Championships
Gunnar Gren FW 1940–49 164 78 1 Swedish Championship
Bengt 'Fölet' Berndtsson FW 1950–67 348 69 1 Swedish Championship
Bertil 'Bebben' Johansson FW 1954–68 268 162 1 Swedish Championship
Donald Niklasson DF 1967–78 189 12 1 Swedish Championship
Torbjörn Nilsson FW 1975–76, 77–82, 84–86 212 127 1 UEFA Cup, 2 Swedish Championships, 2 Svenska Cupen
Tommy Holmgren MF/FW 1977–89 242 20 2 UEFA Cups, 4 Swedish Championships, 3 Svenska Cupen
Glenn Hysén DF 1978–83, 85–87 155 13 2 UEFA Cups, 3 Swedish Championships, 3 Svenska Cupen
Ruben Svensson DF 1978–86 195 23 1 UEFA Cup, 3 Swedish Championships, 3 Svenska Cupen
Glenn Strömberg MF 1979–82 97 9 1 UEFA Cup, 1 Swedish Championship, 2 Svenska Cupen
Stig Fredriksson DF 1980–88 179 16 2 UEFA Cups, 4 Swedish Championships, 2 Svenska Cupen
Roland Nilsson DF 1983–89 124 7 1 UEFA Cup, 2 Swedish Championships, 1 Svenska Cupen
Håkan Mild MF 1988–93, 95–96, 98–2001, 02–05 252 26 4 Swedish Championships, 1 Svenska Cupen
Thomas Ravelli GK 1989–97 211 0 6 Swedish Championships, 1 Svenska Cupen
Magnus Erlingmark DF/MF/FW 1993–2004 278 43 4 Swedish Championships
Niclas Alexandersson MF 1996–97, 2004–08, 09 176 32 2 Swedish Championships, 1 Svenska Cupen

. The players are listed according to when they debuted for IFK Göteborg: Sweden national team or have gained more than 90 caps for the [62] have been chosen for the dream team presented in the club's official 100 year jubilee book published in 2004,[61] The following eighteen players either have been chosen for the greatest ever IFK Göteborg team in a 2004 poll by readers of the regional newspaper

The all-star team chosen by Göteborgs-Posten readers in 2004.

Notable players

For season transfers, see transfers winter 2014–15.

No. Position Player
21 FW Malick Mané (at Najran until 15 July 2016)[58]
23 DF Patrick Dyrestam (at Utsiktens BK until 8 January 2016)[59][upper-alpha 2]
No. Position Player
26 MF Karl Bohm (at Utsiktens BK until 8 January 2016)[60][upper-alpha 2]
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
As of 28 July 2015[57]

Out on loan

No. Position Player
3 FW Patrik Karlsson Lagemyr
32 DF Martin Johansson Zanjanchi
No. Position Player
36 GK Pontus Dahlberg
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
As of 19 August 2015[upper-alpha 1]

Current youth players with first-team experience

No. Position Player
1 GK John Alvbåge
2 DF Emil Salomonsson
4 DF Haitam Aleesami
6 MF Sebastian Eriksson
7 MF Mads Albæk
8 MF Søren Rieks
9 MF Jakob Ankersen
10 FW Rosenborg BK)
11 MF Martin Smedberg-Dalence
12 GK Marcus Sandberg
13 MF Gustav Svensson (vice captain)
14 DF Hjálmar Jónsson
No. Position Player
16 FW Mikael Boman
17 MF Prosper Kasim
18 MF Lawson Sabah
19 FW Gustav Engvall
20 FW Victor Sköld
22 DF Adam Johansson
24 DF Tom Pettersson
25 GK Johan Hagman
27 DF Billy Nordström
28 DF Thomas Rogne
30 DF Mattias Bjärsmyr (captain)
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
As of 11 August 2015[57]

First-team squad

Players

[56].Malmö FF, after Malmö) and the second most popular in Hammarby IF (after AIK, Djurgårdens IF and Stockholm A majority, 55%, of football fans in Gothenburg support IFK, and the club is the fourth most popular in [56] In the 2000s, supporter culture in Sweden started to shift from being English-influenced to being more influenced by the Southern European countries and their football culture, making

As the club gained success in European club tournaments in the 1980s and 1990s, and thousands of IFK fans travelled to Valencia to play the quarter-final in the UEFA Cup in 1982, or by being the main force behind the move back to Gamla Ullevi in 1992.[21][54] The early 1990s saw a downward trend in attendance numbers, even though the club was successful on the pitch, but the trend turned in the later years of the decade and the first few years of the new millennium brought the club's highest average attendance since the early 1980s.[55]

[53] As in most other parts of the world, the decades following the World War II were relatively free from football violence and the supporter culture did not change much. Swedish football culture started to change in the late 1960s, becoming heavily inspired and influenced by the English supporter culture. This flourished in the 1970s and 1980s, giving birth to some of the most well-known Swedish supporters clubs,

IFK Göteborg supporters at the home derby against Örgryte IS in 2005.

After wartime blackout exercise.[52]

Before the foundation of IFK Göteborg, the dominant club in the Gothenburg area was Örgryte IS, which was considered a middle class club, and in later years an upper class club, like most clubs of that time. IFK became popular amongst the working class, creating a fierce rivalry based upon both local pride and social class. In the early 20th century, supporters were supposed to act as gentlemen, applauding and supporting both their own team, and the opponents. However, this proved a hard task for supporters of the Gothenburg teams. Local patriotism and class differences sometimes resulted in fights and pitch invasions, making the Swedish press view IFK and Örgryte fans as the scum of Swedish football.[52]

Supporters

Idrottsplatsen fell into decline due to poor leadership and a troubled economy in the 1910s,[49] and a decision was made to completely renovate the arena with the help of outside sponsorship and funding. The construction of the new football ground was started in 1915 and used the site of Idrottsplatsen as foundation. The new stadium, originally named Ullervi,[50] but later changed to Ullevi and finally Gamla Ullevi, was opened in 1916. It was the home ground of IFK Göteborg until 1958, when Nya Ullevi—built for the 1958 World Cup held in Sweden—was opened. Due to a number of seasons with low attendance in Swedish football in the late 1980s and early 1990s, a move back to Gamla Ullevi was made in 1992.[51]

[48] IFK Göteborg have used three other stadia as official home grounds. The first ground was

On 11 April 2009 IFK Göteborg played their first game on the new Gamla Ullevi stadium and won against Djurgården with 6–0 in front of 18,276 spectators.[46]

Gamla Ullevi was demolished on 9 January 2007 to make place for a new stadium with the same name, 2008 seasons at Nya Ullevi.[45]

Historically, IFK Göteborg's main home stadium has been Gamla Ullevi, where the majority of the competitive games have been played. The club has played there in two separate periods, most recently after leaving Ullevi (Nya Ullevi) in 1992, although matches attracting large crowds—such as derbies against the rivals Örgryte IS and GAIS, or international games—were still played at the larger Ullevi stadium. Gamla Ullevi's capacity was 18,000 when used in the 1990s and 2000s, while Nya Ullevi has a capacity of 43,200.[43][44]

IFK Göteborg's first match (11 April 2009) at the new stadium Gamla Ullevi, a match which IFK won 6–0 against Djurgårdens IF.

Stadiums

The crest of IFK Göteborg has its origins in the coat of arms of the city of Gothenburg which in turn is based on several other heraldic arms. The lion on a field of silver and blue is the heraldic arms of the Folkunga dynasty, holding the Three Crowns of Sweden, both symbols being used in the coat of arms of Sweden. This arms was granted to the city by Gustavus Adolphus.[40] The coat-of-arms of Gothenburg sees the lion facing the sinister (heraldic left, which is viewer's right) side which often is interpreted as a fleeing lion, the normal being a lion facing the dexter (heraldic right) side, but IFK chose to have the lion facing dexter on the club crest. Adding the three letters IFK on top and the crest used since it first appeared on the kit in 1919 is complete.[41] These main elements have not been modified since then, but during the years several different designs of the crest have been used, occasionally having the lion facing the sinister side. In the 1980s, the club standardised the design and only minor changes—such as colour hues—have been made since then, with the exception of the years 1997–1999 when IFK, with Reebok as kit sponsors, used a crest with some more distinct changes to the standard elements.[42] Before 1919 various other symbols were used, with the four-pointed star of the IFK associations featuring on the jerseys until 1910.[42]

A pink jersey with black shorts was introduced as the away kit in 2011, and was replaced by a black jersey and black shorts featuring pink details in 2013. [39] The traditional away kit is red and white, in different styles, though other colour combinations, for example orange and white, have been used, mainly in the 1990s and 2000s. The away kit introduced in 2005 once again used red and white. An almost completely white third kit with blue details was introduced in mid-2007 after requests from supporters.[38] as the main sponsor at the start of the 2011 season. No other major sponsors are seen on the kit which, together with the longtime use of blue and white stripes, has made the kit a classic in Swedish football.Prioritet Finans ICA was replaced by financial institution [37][36] and almost become part of the jersey.[35] until 2011[34]—a grocery store chain—figured on the jersey front from 1982ICA This kit has remained as the home colours ever since. A blue and white logotype of the main sponsor [33].Kjøbenhavns Boldklub inspired by the kit of [6] During the next few years, white or blue jerseys without stripes were used. In 1910, a kit comprising a blue and white vertically striped jersey and blue shorts was used for the first time,[32] The traditional colours of all

Colours and crest

The last years before the new millennium were disappointing for IFK, providing a stark contrast to the earlier success.[28] The team only managed a silver in 1997 and an eighth place in 1998, after buying several expensive players who failed to produce.[28][29] IFK changed manager in the middle of a season two years in a row—in 1998 and 1999—when the club never before had changed manager even once during an ongoing season.[28] The last year of the decade ended with a sixth-place finish. The new millennium offered varied results, with the club playing a relegation play-off in 2002, but challenging for the championship in 2001, 2004, and 2005. In 2007, the first title in eleven years was secured in the last round of Allsvenskan. The club then won the national cup Malmö FF and AIK, despite only having won three titles in the last ten years.[24][30][31][1]

As IFK won the 1993 Allsvenskan, they qualified for European competition. IFK advanced to the group stage of the Bayern Munich on away goals.

IFK managed to field a strong team for a couple of years and won gold in the league in both 1983 and 1984, and the cup in 1983. In 1986, the team reached the semi-finals of the European Cup but were defeated on penalties against FC Barcelona.[24] A new team of talents won both the UEFA Cup and Allsvenskan once again in 1987,[22] after beating Dundee United in the UEFA Cup final. The youth manager Roger Gustafsson took over the team from Gunder Bengtsson in 1990, and his time with IFK was to become very successful, winning Allsvenskan five times between 1990 and 1995.[25]

After reinforcing the team with several expensive players[20]—including Thomas Wernerson and Stig Fredriksson—IFK had finished second in the league and reached the quarter-finals in the UEFA Cup as 1981 came to an end. 1982 then became a turbulent season as the whole board was replaced and the club almost went bankrupt—even needing to borrow money from the official supporter's association to travel to Valencia to play the quarter-final of the UEFA Cup.[21] After the troubled start IFK won every competition they entered, including Allsvenskan, the Allsvenskan play-off, Svenska Cupen, and the UEFA Cup, defeating Hamburger SV 4–0 on aggregate in the finals.[22] During the following 15 years the club was the leading club in Swedish football,[23] winning the Swedish championship ten times, the domestic cup three times and the UEFA Cup twice.

IFK Göteborg and their fans celebrate a goal against Örebro SK in 2004.

After an unglamorous decade, IFK were led by manager and retired footballer Bertil Johansson to a surprising championship title in 1969.[13] The following season was one of the darkest in their history.[13][16] IFK were relegated, and unlike previous relegations they did not make an immediate return. After three seasons in the second league IFK had lost all signs of being a team from Allsvenskan,[17] and had still not managed to gain promotion. But after hard work from board member Anders Bernmar and others to get the club on the right track, IFK were promoted to Allsvenskan in 1976.[17] In 1979, IFK hired Sven-Göran Eriksson as manager.[18] He introduced the 4–4–2 system with "pressure and support"—called the Swenglish model[19]—which would give IFK great success later on, and his first season at the club ended with a second place in Allsvenskan and the club's first gold medal in Svenska Cupen.

IFK won their first Allsvenskan title in 1937–38,[13] although the team was promoted back to Allsvenskan the next season. Back in the highest division, IFK finished second, with the league continuing despite the outbreak of World War II. IFK won another title in 1941–42 with a strong team,[13] but the rest of the decade saw mixed results. The 1940s team included the talented Gunnar Gren, who became the top scorer in 1946–47. He was also awarded Guldbollen as the best player in Sweden, and won an Olympic gold medal with the Swedish team at the 1948 Olympics.[14] When Gren left in 1949, IFK were relegated from Allsvenskan the following season. As happened the last time IFK played in a lower league, they were promoted directly back to Allsvenskan after one season in Division 2. IFK went on to compete in a European Cup—the European Champion Clubs' Cup—for the first time in 1958, but were eliminated in the second round by SC Wismut. In 1959, the all-time Allsvenskan record attendance of 52,194 was set when IFK played Örgryte IS at Nya Ullevi.[15]

A chart showing the progress of IFK Göteborg through the swedish football league system. The different shades of grey represent league divisions.

[10] The club finished second, but Johansson scored 39 goals in 22 games and was the league's top goalscorer.[9] Two years later the team drew 1–1 in a game against the 1912 Swedish Olympic team, and the newspapers in [6] In 1910, the team played in blue and white striped jerseys for the first time.

IFK Göteborg became the first Swedish team in four years to beat Örgryte IS in 1907.[5] They then went on to win their first Swedish Championship in 1908 by winning the cup tournament Svenska Mästerskapet, and three players from the club were selected to play for Sweden in the national team's first match.[5] That year IFK played teams from outside Sweden for the first time, meeting the Danish clubs Østerbro BK and Boldklubben af 1893.[5]

[4]

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