Islam in Georgia (country)

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Central Mosque in Tblisi.

  1. ^ a b Religion and education in Europe: developments, contexts and debates, By Robert Jackson, pg.67
  2. ^ a b c Georgia Adopts Law on the Status of Religious Minorities
  3. ^ Georgia Establishes New Muslim Affairs Department Independent of Azerbaijan. IslamToday. 13 May 2011. Accessed February 11, 2012.
  4. ^ Georgia to fund restoration of historical monastery in eastern Turkey
  5. ^ Sicker, Martin (2000), The Islamic World in Ascendancy: From the Arab Conquests to the Siege of Vienna, p. 155. Praeger, ISBN 0-275-96892-8.
  6. ^ "Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia". Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "The Caucasus: An Introduction". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  8. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/2003/apr/05/guardianobituaries.usa as retrieved on 29 April 2008 20:59:44 GMT
  9. ^ Meskhetian Turks Bouncing From Exile to Exile
  10. ^ The Meskhetian Turks at a Crossroads
  11. ^ Shah ʹAbbas & the arts of Isfahan, by Anthony Welch, pg. 17
  12. ^ A history of the Georgian people, By William Edward David Allen, pg. 153
  13. ^ The decline and fall of the Ottoman Empire By Alan Palmer, pg. 52
  14. ^ İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 60.

References

  • Islam and Islamic Practices in Georgia

External links

See also

Gallery

Notable Georgian Muslims

There are also smaller numbers of Muslims in Georgia belonging to other ethnic groups of the Resid Mehmed Pasha, who ironically played an important role in suppressing the 1822-33 Greek War of Independence (see also Greek Muslims and Armenian Muslims).

The Central Asia during November 15–25, 1944 by Joseph Stalin and settled within Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. Of the 120,000 forcibly deported in cattle-trucks a total of 10,000 perished.[8] Today they are dispersed over a number of other countries of the former Soviet Union. There are 500,000 to 700,000 Meskhetian Turks in exile in Azerbaijan and Central Asia.[9][10]

There are two major Muslim groups in Georgia. The ethnic Georgian Muslims are Turkey. The ethnic Azerbaijani Muslims are predominantly Shia Ithna Ashariyah and are concentrated along the border with Azerbaijan and Armenia.

The Muslims constitute from 9.9% (463,062)[1] to 10-13%[2] of Georgia's population.

Demographics

For several centuries, the Georgian kings and aristocrats converted to Islam and served as courtiers to the Iranian Safavid, Afsharid and Qajar dynasties, who ruled them.[7]

In 1703, Vakhtang VI became the ruler of the kingdom of Kartli. In 1716, he adopted Islam and the Safavid ruler confirmed him as King of Kartli. However, at a decisive moment Vakhtang was ordered to discontinue military campaigns, leading Vakhtang to adopt a pro-Russian orientation, though the Russian failed to tender him the promised military aid.

On May 29, 1555, the Safavids and the Ottoman Empire concluded a 1639.

Botanical Street and Sunnite Mosque. Middle of 1880

[6] The

Rostom of Kartli, a Muslim Georgian ruler of the 17th century appointed by the Iranian Safavids.

Turkish and Iranian Period

[5] Between 1386 and 1404, Georgia was subjected to invasions by the armies of

Timurids

During the Arab period, Tbilisi (al-Tefelis) grew into a center of trade between the Islamic world and northern Europe. Beyond that, it functioned as a key Arab outpost and a buffer province facing the Byzantine and Khazar dominions. Over time, Tbilisi became largely Muslim.

The until 735, when they succeeded in establishing their firm control over a large portion of the country. In that year, Marwan II took hold of Tbilisi and much of the neighbouring lands and installed there an Arab emir, who was to be confirmed by the Caliph of Baghdad or, occasionally, by the ostikan of Armīniya.

Emirate of Tbilisi

History

Contents

  • History 1
    • Emirate of Tbilisi 1.1
    • Timurids 1.2
    • Turkish and Iranian Period 1.3
  • Demographics 2
  • Notable Georgian Muslims 3
  • Gallery 4
  • See also 5
  • External links 6
  • References 7

In 2010, Batumi, Ajaria demolished in the middle of the last century. Turkey will rehabilitate the mosques at Samtskhe-Javakheti and Akhaltsikhe regions, Kobuleti District, build the Azize mosque burned down in 1940 and restore the Turkish bathhouse in Batumi.

Mosques in Georgia operate under the supervision of the Georgian Muslim Department, established in May 2011. Until then the affairs of Georgia's Muslims had been governed from abroad by the Baku-based Caucasus Muslims Department.[3]

In July 2011, Islam and four other religious communities.[2]

[2]

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