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Islamic Unity of Afghanistan Mujahideen

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Foreign relations

The Islamic Unity of Afghanistan Mujahideen, also known as the Seven Party Mujahideen Alliance or Peshawar Seven, was an

  • Kaplan, Robert D. Soldiers of God: With the Mujahidin in Afghanistan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1990. ISBN 0-395-52132-7
  • Weisman, Steven R. "Rebel Rivalry is Hampering Afghan Talks", The New York Times, March 1, 1988.


  1. ^  
  2. ^ Rohan Gunaratna (2002). Inside Al Qaeda: global network of terror.  
  3. ^ Tom Lansford (2003). A bitter harvest: US foreign policy and Afghanistan.  
  4. ^ Collins, George W. (March–April 1986). "The War in Afghanistan". Air University Review. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 
  5. ^ Hilali, A. Z. (2005). US-Pakistan relationship: Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 125.  
  6. ^ Ruttig, Thomas. Islamists, Leftists - and a Void in the Center. Afghanistan's Political Parties and where they come from (1902-2006) (PDF). Konrad Adenauer Stiftung. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 


There were seven members of the Mujahedeen Alliance of Afghanistan, a predominantly Sunni Islamic union, with one Sufi order organization member. It consisted of:

Members of the alliance

Though the 2 primary scholars on this issue agree that the coalition was founded, under pressure from the United States, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, as a coalition of groups fighting against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, there are desparate claims about when the coalition was formed, and who was responsible for funding it. According to Tom Lansford, the author of A bitter harvest: US foreign policy and Afghanistan, the group was formed in 1985 and financed by Saudis. However, Vijay Prashad, Director of the International Studies Program at Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut, asserts that the foundation occurred earlier, in 1981, and specifically cites Osama bin Laden as one of the primary Saudi financiers.

Alliance formation


  • Alliance formation 1
  • Members of the alliance 2
  • References 3
  • Bibliography 4

[6] existed as a political bloc since May 1979, when the de facto Although Islamic Unity of Afghanistan Mujahideen alliance took its formal shape in the mid-1980s, it had

All of the groups were Sunni Muslims, and all were majority Pashtun except Jamiat-i-Islami, which was predominantly Tajik. Another, smaller but dominant Mujahideen alliance, was composed of mainly Shi'a Muslims.[5] It was named the Tehran Eight - an alliance of eight Shia Afghan factions, supported by Iran.

The constituents of the Peshawar Seven alliance fell into two categories, the political Islamists: Khalis faction (Khalis), Hezbi Islami (Hekmatyar), Jamiat-i-Islami (Rabbani), and Islamic Union for the Liberation of Afghanistan (Sayyaf), and the traditionalists: National Islamic Front for Afghanistan (Gailani), Afghanistan National Liberation Front (Mojaddedi), and Revolutionary Islamic Movement (Mohammadi).


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