István Antal

For the Romanian ice hockey player, see Istvan Antal (ice hockey).
István Antal
File:AntalIstvan.jpg
Minister of Religion and Education of Hungary
In office
22 March 1944 – 29 August 1944
Preceded by Jenő Szinyei Merse
Succeeded by Iván Rakovszky
Personal details
Born (1896-02-18)18 February 1896
Kenderes, Austria-Hungary
Died 11 October 1975(1975-10-11) (aged 79)
People's Republic of Hungary
Political party Hungarian National Independence Party, Unity Party, Party of National Unity, Party of Hungarian Life
Profession politician
The native form of this personal name is Antal István. This article uses the Western name order.

István Antal (18 February 1896 – 11 October 1975) was a Hungarian politician, who served as Minister of Religion and Education and as Minister of Justice in 1944. Born in Kenderes, he knew Miklós Horthy from here, who was born here likewise. He fought in the First World War, after his returning from the front he joined to several right extremist student organizations. Antal founded the Red-White Bloc firstly, which worked against Mihály Károlyi's republic then the Hungarian Soviet Republic, then he became one of the leaders of the Turul Student Organization. He met Mihály Kolosváry-Borcsa here at first.

Antal soon finished the University of Law. After that he served as press officer of Prime Minister Gyula Gömbös, later became state secretary of the Ministry of Justice. He was member of the Miklós Kállay cabinet from 1942 as Minister without portfolio of National Defence and Propaganda. After the German occupation the new Prime Minister Döme Sztójay appointed him Minister of Justice and Minister of Religion and Education. In these times he actively took a part in creating the newer anti-Jewish laws and its introduction. He did not take part in the governance after the Arrow Cross Party's coup. In addition he was arrested for a short time, because of criticizing Ferenc Szálasi's mental efficiency.

After the Second World War he was sentenced to death for war crimes by the People's Tribune in Budapest, but he was not executed after Mátyás Rákosi's personal intervention. For the second time he was sentenced to life imprisonment. Antal was set free in 1960, lived until his death in retirement. His memoirs were published in 2004.

References

  • Magyar Életrajzi Lexikon
Political offices
Preceded by
Jenő Szinyei Merse
Minister of Religion and Education
1944
Succeeded by
Iván Rakovszky
Preceded by
László Radocsay
Minister of Justice
1944
Succeeded by
Gábor Vladár


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